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A Midsummer Night s Dream is a 1999 romantic comedy fantasy film based on the play of the same name by William Shakespeare. It was written, directed and co-produced by Michael Hoffman. The ensemble cast features Kevin Kline as Bottom, Michelle Pfeiffer and Rupert Everett as Titania and Oberon, Stanley Tucci as Puck, and Calista Flockhart, Anna Friel, Christian Bale, and Dominic West as the four lovers.
In 1890s Monte Athena, in the Kingdom of Italy, young lovers Lysander and Hermia are forbidden to marry by her father Egeus, who has promised Hermia to Demetrius. Lysander and Hermia make plans to flee to the forest to escape the arrangement. Demetrius follows them, having been made aware of the plan by Helena, a young woman who is desperately in love with him. Once in the forest, they wander into the fairy world, ruled by Oberon and Titania, King and Queen of the fairies. Oberon and his servant sprite Puck cause mayhem among the lovers with a magic potion that causes both Lysander and Demetrius to fall in love with Helena, leading to a rift between all four that culminates (famously in this adaptation) in a mud-wrestling scene. Oberon then bewitches Titania with the same potion.
Meanwhile, an acting troupe prepares a play for the entertainment of the Duke. The leader of the actors and the actors, including a weaver named Bottom, and Francis Flute take their rehearsal to the forest. The mischievous Puck magically enchants Bottom with the head of an ass and Bottom is then seen by the bewitched Titania. Titania woos Bottom in her bower, attended by fairies. Oberon tires of the sport and puts all to rights, pairing Lysander back with Hermia and Demetrius with Helena, and reconciling with his own queen, Titania.
In the final part, Bottom and his troupe of rude Mechanicals perform their amateur play, based on the tragedy of Pyramus and Thisbe, before Duke Theseus, his wife Hippolyta, and the court, unintentionally producing a tragedy that turns to be a comedy.
- Kevin Kline as Nick Bottom
- Roger Rees as Peter Quince
- Sam Rockwell as Francis Flute
- Max Wright as Robin Starveling
- Bill Irwin as Tom Snout
- Gregory Jbara as Snug
- Stanley Tucci as Robin Goodfellow/Puck
- Rupert Everett as Oberon
- Michelle Pfeiffer as Titania
- Anna Friel as Hermia
- Dominic West as Lysander
- Calista Flockhart as Helena
- Christian Bale as Demetrius
- David Strathairn as Theseus
- Sophie Marceau as Hippolyta
- Bernard Hill as Egeus
- John Sessions as Philostrate
A Midsummer Night s Dream was filmed on location in Lazio and Tuscany, and at Cinecittà Studios, Rome, Italy. The action of the play was transported from Athens, Greece, to a fictional Monte Athena, located in the Tuscan region of Italy, although all textual mentions of Athens were retained.
The film made use of Felix Mendelssohn s incidental music for an 1843 stage production (including the famous Wedding March), alongside operatic works from Giuseppe Verdi, Gaetano Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini, Gioacchino Rossini and Pietro Mascagni.
The film was released on VHS and DVD on November 30, 1999.
A Midsummer Night s Dream holds a rating of 67% on Rotten Tomatoes as of September 2019, and a score of 61 on Metacritic, indicating generally favorable reviews. Many critics singled out Kevin Kline and Stanley Tucci for particular praise.
In The New York Times, Janet Maslin wrote:
Michael Hoffman s fussy production of A Midsummer Night s Dream is just such a parade of incongruities, with performances ranging from the sublime to the you-know-what … Not even Michelle Pfeiffer s commanding loveliness as the fairy queen Titania, and her ability to speak of such things as my bower with perfect ease, can offset the decision to have the actors grapple awkwardly with bicycles … The hoodwinked characters of A Midsummer Night s Dream are meant to be mismatched much of the time. But not like this. The distraught Helena, played as a hand-waving, eye-rolling ditz by Calista Flockhart, hardly fits into the same film with David Strathairn s reserved Duke Theseus, or with Rupert Everett as a slinky Oberon. Everett, like the inspired Kevin Kline as the ham actor Bottom, is utterly at ease with this material in ways that many other cast members are not … Though West and especially Ms. Friel approach their roles with gratifying ease, Bale is once again given the cheesecake treatment and little occasion to rise above it. This production tarts up the play any way it can … The theatrical carryings-on of Bottom and company provide the film s best attempts at comedy. Staging a play about Pyramus and Thisbe with a troupe including Bill Irwin, Roger Rees and Sam Rockwell (as the beauteous heroine), Bottom s acting company delights its late-19th-century audience in ways Hoffman s film can only occasionally manage. In a completely unexpected turn, Rockwell moves the sceptical and bemused audience to tears as he performs Thisbe s scene reacting to the death of Pyramus, proving that he alone among the band of actors has any real talent for the craft.
In the Chicago Sun-Times, Roger Ebert wrote:
Michael Hoffman s new film of William Shakespeare s A Midsummer Night s Dream (who else s?) is updated to the 19th century, set in Italy and furnished with bicycles and operatic interludes. But it is founded on Shakespeare s language and is faithful, by and large, to the original play… It s wonderful to behold Pfeiffer s infatuation with the donkey-eared Bottom, who she winds in her arms as doth the woodbine the sweet honeysuckle gently twist ; her love is so real, we almost believe it. Kline s Bottom tactfully humors her mad infatuation, good-natured and accepting. And Tucci s Puck suggests sometimes that he has a darker side, but it not so much malicious as incompetent.
In the San Francisco Chronicle, Peter Stack wrote:
Purists will quibble, but William Shakespeare s A Midsummer Night s Dream is a playful, sexy piece of work – just what the Bard might have conjured up for a movie adaptation of his beloved spring-fever comedy. The film is over the top – and willfully so … As might be expected, Kevin Kline steals the show with his hearty gifts for comedy … Kline, a Shakespearean veteran, has that flourish, that golden touch. In his glorious way of overdoing it – turning the very notion of acting into farce – he embodies a supreme comic madness that is audacious yet embracing … Michelle Pfeiffer plays it regal, pouty and come-hither as Titania. Her seduction of Bottom, turned to an ass under the spell of Puck (Stanley Tucci with horns and impish grin), is riotous … A real surprise is the sly comic depth of Calista Flockhart s bicycle-riding Helena, miles from Ally McBeal … Rupert Everett is imperious as Oberon, the jealous fairy king, and Tucci s Puck is amusingly tweaky as he keeps messing up his missions to drop magic nectar into lovers eyes.
In Time Out New York, Andrew Johnston wrote:
A strangely uneven adaptation of the Bard s most famous comedy, Michael Hoffman s Dream is, if nothing else, admirable for its lack of a contrived gimmick. Yes, the story has been transplanted to Tuscany in the 1890s, and the cast is packed with big names, but Hoffman rightly treats the text as the real star of the show. The film soars when actors who remember that Shakespeare was primarily an entertainer carry the ball, but things get pretty turgid when the focus is on those who seem cowed by appearing in an adaptation of a Major Literary Classic.
In The Washington Post, Jane Horwitz wrote:
Instead of Shakespeare s Athens, Hoffman dreams his Dream in a gorgeous Tuscan hill town at the turn of the century, with production designer Luciana Arrighi and costume designer Gabriella Pescucci creating a luscious milieu of dusty green shutters, olive groves and vineyards reminiscent of the 1986 Merchant-Ivory gem A Room With a View … some in the cast negotiate Shakespeare s lines better than others. Kevin Kline s stage savvy serves him especially well as a movie-stealing Bottom.
Also in the Washington Post, Desson Howe wrote:
After watching William Shakespeare s A Midsummer Night s Dream, Michael Hoffman s adaptation of the romantic comedy, I m left with more admiration than fairy dust. But it was pleasurable all the same… Kline and Flockhart do most of the pedaling. When Kline gets goofy – as he did in A Fish Called Wanda and In & Out, he s an irresistible, madcap Errol Flynn, twisting his good looks into hilarious contortions. And Flockhart exudes a wonderful vulnerability and sense of comic timing, as she pursues Demetrius, suffering all manner of indignity and incredulity along the way.
In Variety, Emanuel Levy described the film as a whimsical, intermittently enjoyable but decidedly unmagical version of the playwright s wild romantic comedy … There is not much chemistry between Pfeiffer and Everett, nor between Pfeiffer and Kline, particularly in their big love scene. Kline overacts physically and emotionally, Flockhart is entertaining in a broad manner, and Pfeiffer renders a strenuously theatrical performance. Overall, the Brits give more coherent and resonant performances, especially Friel and West as the romantic couple, a restrained Everett as Oberon, and Rees as the theatrical manager.
Time Out wrote that this Dream is middlebrow and unashamed of it. Injecting the film with fun and pathos, Kline makes a superb Bottom; it s his play and he acts it to the hilt.
|Plot||Lovers’ lives are complicated by city law, feuding faerie royalty, and… love.|
|Awards||Awards, 1 win & 2 nominations|
|Writers||William Shakespeare, Michael Hoffman|
|Stars||Kevin Kline, Michelle Pfeiffer, Rupert Everett|
|Produced by||Rick Dallago, Nigel Goldsack, Michael Hoffman, Arnon Milchan, Leslie Urdang, Ann Wingate|
|Music by||Simon Boswell|
|Cinematography by||Oliver Stapleton|
|Film Editing by||Garth Craven|
|Casting By||Lora Kennedy|
|Production Design by||Luciana Arrighi|
|Art Direction by||Maria-Teresa Barbasso, Andrea Gaeta, Gianni Giovagnoni|
|Set Decoration by||Ian Whittaker|
|Costume Design by||Gabriella Pescucci|
|Makeup Department||Jo Allen, Lynda Armstrong, Alessandro Durante, Paul Engelen, Jene Fielder, Betty Glasow, Jeffrey Haines, Carol Hemming, Belinda Hodson, Carla Indoni, Duncan Jarman, Melissa Lackersteen, Christine Leaustic, Catherine Leblanc, Elizabeth Lewis, Chris Lyons, Marina Marin, Karina Morrison, Trefor Proud, Claudia Reymond, Andrea Schaverien, Ronnie Specter, Jacqueline Stuffel, Zoe Tahir, Alfredo Tiberi, Laura Tonello, David White, Julie White, Julie Wright, Julie Wright, Barrie Gower|
|Production Management||Fabiomassimo Dell Orco, Erik Paoletti, Marco Valerio Pugini|
|Second Unit Director or Assistant Director||Inti Carboni, Manolita Cipparrone, Garth Craven, Simon Emanuel, Sergio Ercolessi, Gerry Gavigan, Paolo Merosi, Paul Taylor|
|Art Department||Palmiro Aloi, Antonio Amato, Ugo Antonetti, Carlo Avvisato, Paolo Cameli, Alberto Chiovenda, Giancarlo Cirelli, Marco Consoli, Luciano Curti, Romano di Chio, Lucio Di Domenico, Galliano Donati, Mauro Fiori, Mark Fruin, Fabio Grimaldi, Gianluca Lenzi, Carlo Maggi, Paolo Marasciulo, Fabrizio Marotta, Mauro Masotti, Mark McNeil, Paolo Morales, Stefano Morbidelli, Antonio Murer, Sebastiano Murer, Marcellino Nolfo, Nazzareno Piana, Gabriele Poli, Thierry Poullain, Alessandra Querzola, Iolando Rocchetti, Luciano Rossiello, Chris Rudd, Fernando Sabelli, Vittorio Salsiccia, Alessio Schenone, Tito Sereni, Alessia Tanzi, Antonio Tedesco, Paolo Turco, Arthur Wicks|
|Sound Department||Sandina Bailo-Lape, Jessica Bellfort, Sara Bolder, Nicole Bugna, Alessandro Cattanio, Lisa Chino, Tony Eckert, Frank E. Eulner, Carl Fischer, Jonathan Greber, Lora Hirschberg, Petur Hliddal, Tom Johnson, Frank Pepe Merel, Brandon Proctor, John Roesch, Philip Rogers, Steve Romanko, Ronald G. Roumas, Jurgen Scharpf, Dee Selby, Dennie Thorpe, Susumu Tokunow, John Torrijos, Ethan Van der Ryn, Jana Vance, Christian von Burkleo, Gwendolyn Yates Whittle, Frank E. Eulner, Steve Slanec, John Soukup, Kent Sparling, Gwendolyn Yates Whittle|
|Special Effects by||Daniel Acon, Renato Agostini, Danilo Bollettini, Gastone Callori, Antonio Corridori, Marco Corridori, Jules Findley, Franco Ragusa|
|Visual Effects by||Allen Blaisdell, Cosmas Paul Bolger Jr., Casey Cannon, Gilbert De La Garza, Lauryl Duplechan, Sharon Holly, Hitoshi Inoue, Fred Lacayanga, Travis Langley, Christopher Leone, Van Ling, Peter W. Moyer, Marco S. Paolini, Edward Quirk, Alison Rein, Josh Saeta, Gunther Schatz, Kerry Shea, Martha Soehendra, Rich Thorne, Derick Tortorella, Tommy Tran, Todd Vaziri|
|Stunts||Giorgio Antonini, Vania Cassano, Katia Crispino, Riccardo Mioni, Alessandro Novelli|
|Camera and Electrical Department||Aldo Alberani, Danielle Armeni, Giampaolo Bagala, Mario Boccanegra, Alessio Bramucci, Flavio Bramucci, Patrick Bramucci, Simone Bramucci, Franco Caporale, Alessandro Cardelli, Massimo Cecchini, Marco Contaldo, Roberto De Angelis, Claudio Del Gobbo, Daniele Dessena, Massimiliano Dessena, Umberto Dessena, Antonello Emidi, Sergio Faina, Claudio Frollano, Giovanni Galasso, Antonio Gasbarini, Adriano Giannini, Ray Hall, Gianpaolo Majorana, Ian McMillan, Tommaso Mele, Mauro Misino, Marcello Montarsi, David Morgan, Antonio Nigro, Roberto Pecci, Mauro Pezzotti, Marco Pieroni, Larry S. Prinz, Mike Proudfoot, Francesco Quattrone, Alessandro Sambuco, Trinh-Dinh San, Alex Scott, Mauro Sembroni, Giovanni Tancredi, Emiliano Topai, Doriano Torriero, Armando Tranquilli, Mario Tursi, Mario Virdis|
|Casting Department||M. Rosaria Caracciolo, Kristy Carlson, Barbara Harris, Shaila Rubin|
|Costume and Wardrobe Department||Alfredo Bocci, Flora Brancatella, Anne Brault, Massimo Cantini Parrini, Serena Fiumi, Concetta Iannelli, Claudette Lilly, Adriana Mattiozzi, Shizuko Omachi, Sabrina Panico, Pamela Paolini, Carlo Poggioli, Salvatore Salzano|
|Editorial Department||Gary Burritt, Giorgio Conti, Daniel Craven, Willow Craven, Simeon Hutner, Kurt Leitner, Tara McKinley, Dennis McNeill, Liberata Zocchi|
|Location Management||Marcantonio Borghese, Francesca Cingolani, Francesco Marras, Anna Nicolosi, Fabio Turchi|
|Music Department||Mark Berrow, Richard Bissill, Terry Davies, Geoff Foster, Alex Heffes, Mike Knobloch, Risa Larson, Ling Ling Li, London Voices, Walter Maioli, Paul Rabjohns, Colin Rae, Robert Randles, Robin Urdang, Rolf Wilson, Gavyn Wright, Thomas Cavanaugh, Greg Richards|
|Script and Continuity Department||Rachel Griffiths|
|Transportation Department||Enrico Pini, Dana Swartout|
|Additional Crew||Andrea Alunni, Gaia Bartolucci, Denver Beattie, Francesco Belfiore, Simona Benzakein, Mona Bernal, Joan Bernes, Luciana Bini, Denise Blasor, Kevin Richard Buxbaum, Manuela Cacciamani, Giorgio Catalano, Carmela Compagnone, Maurizio Cusano, Stefano De Leonibus, Vicki Deason, Alexis Delage-Toriel, Memmo di Giovenale, Francis Dokyi, Shawn Gillespie, Beatrice Giraud, Eileen Gorman, Cynthia Koblentz, Enrico Latella, Claudio Lattes, Inti Maronato, Robin Melville, Amanda Michener, Mimi Munn, Massimo Perla, Marco Valerio Pugini, Sharon Richardson, Elizabeth Smith, Korin A. Tarin, Daniele Tiberi, Yozo Tokuda, Day Trinh-Dinh, Jane Trower, Lucia Verticchio, Benedetta Von Normann, Elena Zokas|
|Genres||Comedy, Fantasy, Romance|
|Companies||Searchlight Pictures, New Regency Productions, Taurus Film|
|Countries||UK, Italy, USA|
|Languages||English, Italian, Latin|
|Keywords||fairy,unrequited love,love potion,transformation,shakespeare's a midsummer night's dream|