47 Ronin (DVD)

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47 Ronin (DVD)

47 Ronin is a 2013 American fantasy action film directed by Carl Rinsch in his directorial debut. Written by Chris Morgan and Hossein Amini from a story conceived by Morgan and Walter Hamada, the film is a work of Chūshingura ( The Treasury of Loyal Retainers ): a fictionalized account of the forty-seven rōnin, a real-life group of masterless samurai under daimyō Asano Naganori in 18th-century Japan who avenged Naganori s death by confronting his rival Kira Yoshinaka. Starring Keanu Reeves in the title role, Hiroyuki Sanada, Tadanobu Asano, Rinko Kikuchi and Ko Shibasaki, the film bears little resemblance to its historical basis compared to previous adaptations, and instead serves as a stylized interpretation set in a world of witches and giants.

Produced by H2F Entertainment, Mid Atlantic Films, Moving Picture Company, Stuber Productions and Relativity Media, 47 Ronin premiered in Japan on December 6, 2013 before being released by Universal Pictures on December 25, 2013 in the United States in both 3D and 2D. While the action sequences and visuals were praised, 47 Ronin received generally negative reviews from critics and grossed just $151 million against its production budget of $175–225 million, making it a costly box office bomb that left Universal in the red for 2013. Variety magazine listed 47 Ronin as one of Hollywood s biggest box office bombs of 2013 . Despite its critical and commercial failure, a sequel, Blade of the 47 Ronin, is set to be released in 2022.


In late medieval Japan, a half-Japanese, half-English outcast named Kai is saved by the benevolent Lord Asano, ruler of the Akō Domain. Kai and Asano s daughter Mika fall in love, despite the scorn her father s samurai hold for Kai’s mixed ancestry.

Lord Kira, the Shōgun s master of ceremonies, seeks to take Akō for himself with the help of Mizuki, a shapeshifting kitsune. She sends a kirin to kill Asano and his men on a hunting trip, leading Kai to ride to their aid. Taking up a fallen sword, Kai slays the monster and spots Mizuki in the form of a white fox with different-colored eyes. When the Shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi visits Akō, Kai notices Mizuki disguised as a concubine with the same multi-colored eyes. He tries to warn Asano s principal counselor, Oishi, about the witch in Kira s household, but is dismissed.

For the entertainment of the Shōgun, Kira arranges a duel between his best warrior, a golem, and Asano s chosen combatant, whom Mizuki incapacitates with magic. Kai secretly dons his armor to fight in his stead, but is unmasked during the duel, and the Shōgun orders him severely beaten. That night, Mizuki bewitches Asano into believing Kira is raping Mika, causing him to attack the unarmed lord. Sentenced to death, Asano is compelled to perform seppuku to preserve his honor. The Shōgun gives Kira domain over Akō and Mika, granting her one year of mourning before she must marry Kira. The Shōgun brands Oishi and his men ronin, forbidding them from avenging Asano, and Kira has Oishi imprisoned and Kai sold into slavery.

Nearly a year later, Oishi is released by his captors, believing him harmless. Having realized that Kira used sorcery to frame Asano, Oishi and his son Chikara reunite the scattered ronin, and rescue Kai from the fighting pits of the Dutch colony of Dejima. Kai leads them to the mystical Tengu Forest, which he escaped as a child, to obtain the special blades of the Tengu. Warning Oishi never to draw his sword inside the Tengu temple, Kai faces the Tengu Master who once trained him. Faced with an illusion of his men being slaughtered by the Tengu, Oishi resists the urge to draw his sword, while Kai bests his former master. Having proven themselves worthy, the ronin receive their blades.

They plan to ambush Kira on his pilgrimage to a shrine to seeks blessings for his wedding to Mika, but the procession is a trap and most of the ronin are killed. Believing them all dead, Mizuki presents Kira with Oishi s sword, and taunts Mika with their deaths. Oishi and Kai, having survived the attack, lead half the remaining ronin to infiltrate Kira s castle, disguised as a band of wedding performers. With Kira s men distracted during the performance, the other ronin scale the castle walls and attack the guards. While Oishi fights Kira, Kai and Mika face Mizuki in the form of a dragon, and Kai finally draws on the mystical powers of the Tengu to kill her. Oishi emerges with Kira s severed head, and Kira s retainers surrender.

The ronin and Kai surrender themselves to the authorities of the bakufu and are sentenced to death, having violated the Shōgun s prohibition on avenging Asano. However, the Shōgun declares that they followed the principles of bushido and restores their honor as samurai, allowing them to perform seppuku and receive the honor of burial with Asano. The Shōgun returns domain of Akō to Mika, and pardons Chikara so that he may preserve Oishi’s bloodline and serve Akō.

An epilogue explains the tradition of paying respect at the graves of the 47 Ronin, which continues every year on December 14.


  • Keanu Reeves as Kai, a half-Japanese, half-English outcast adopted by the household of Lord Asano who joins the Ronin. The character was created for the film.Daniel Barber as Teen Kai
  • Daniel Barber as Teen Kai
  • Hiroyuki Sanada as Yoshio Oishi, the leader of the Rōnin.
  • Tadanobu Asano as Lord Yoshinaka Kira, Lord Asano s rival daimyō.
  • Rinko Kikuchi as Mizuki the Witch, an odd-eyed sorceress who serves Lord Kira
  • Ko Shibasaki as Mika Asano, Lord Asano s daughter and Kai s love interest.Arisa Maekawa as Teen Mika
  • Arisa Maekawa as Teen Mika
  • Min Tanaka as Lord Naganori Asano, the former master of the Rōnin.
  • Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa as Shōgun Tsunayoshi Tokugawa
  • Jin Akanishi as Chikara Oishi, Oishi s son.
  • Masayoshi Haneda as Yasuno
  • Hiroshi Sogabe as Hazama
  • Takato Yonemoto as Basho
  • Hiroshi Yamada as Hara
  • Yorick van Wageningen as Kapitan
  • Masayuki Deai as Isogai
  • Shu Nakajima as Horibe
  • Togo Igawa as Tengu Lord
  • Natsuki Kunimoto as Riku
  • Gedde Watanabe as Troupe Leader (Kabuki Actor)
  • Rick Genest as Foreman
  • Ron Bottitta as Narrator



Universal Pictures first announced the film in December 2008, with Keanu Reeves attached to star. Variety then reported that the film will tell a stylized version of the story, mixing fantasy elements of the sort seen in The Lord of the Rings pics, with gritty battle scenes akin to those in films such as Gladiator. Universal planned to produce the film in 2009 after finding a director and in November of that year, the studio entered talks with Carl Rinsch, who had filmed visual and stylish blurbs for brands, to direct the film.

In December 2010, the studio announced that the film would be produced and released in 3D. Between March and April 2011, five Japanese actors were cast alongside Reeves: Hiroyuki Sanada, Tadanobu Asano, Rinko Kikuchi, Kou Shibasaki and Jin Akanishi; according to Variety, Universal chose them in order to make the film s story more authentic rather than choose actors recognizable in the United States. Universal provided Rinsch with an initial production budget of $175 million despite his complete lack of feature film experience, which led to The Hollywood Reporter considering it to be a large-scale, downright risky move.


Principal photography began on March 14, 2011 in Budapest. Origo Film Group contributed to the film. Production moved to Shepperton Studios in the United Kingdom; additional filming in Japan was also planned. Reeves said that scenes were filmed first in the Japanese language in order to familiarize the cast, to which the scenes were filmed again in the English language. The actors costumes were designed by Penny Rose, who said, We decided to base it on the culture and what the shapes should be—i.e., everyone s in a kimono—but we ve thrown a kind of fashion twist at it. And we ve made it full of color, which is quite unusual for me.

Reshoots were done in London during late August 2012, which were delayed by the Olympics and the filming of Reeves directorial debut Man of Tai Chi. Universal pulled Rinsch from the project during the editing stages in late 2012, with Universal chairwoman Donna Langley taking over the editing process. In addition, the studio added a love scene, extra close-ups and individual lines of dialogue in order to try and boost Reeves presence in the film, which significantly added to the budget of the film.


47 Ronin: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the film s soundtrack album of music composed and made by Ilan Eshkeri and was released on December 17, 2013 by Varèse Sarabande.

  • Oishi s Tale
  • Kirin Hunt
  • Resentment
  • The Witch s Plan
  • Ako
  • Shogun
  • Tournament
  • Bewitched
  • Assano Seppuku
  • Dutch Island Fugue
  • Reunited Ronin
  • Tengu
  • Shrine Ambush
  • The Witch s Lie
  • Kira s Wedding Quartet
  • Palace Battle
  • The Witch Dragon
  • Return To Ako
  • Shogun s Sentence
  • Mika and Kai
  • Seppuku
  • 47 Ronin


47 Ronin was originally scheduled to be released on November 21, 2012, but was moved to February 8, 2013 due to the need for work on the 3D visual effects. It was once again moved to a final release date of December 25, 2013 in order to account for the re-shoots and post-production.

An endorsement from the cast of Sengoku Basara was held until January 23, 2014, stating that Japanese fans who tweet with the hashtag #RONIN_BASARA could win Sengoku Basara 4 for the PS3 or a 47 Ronin poster signed by the film s cast.

Home media

Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released 47 Ronin on DVD, Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D on April 1, 2014.


Box office

The film opened in Japan in the first week of December 2013 where it opened to 753 screens nationwide and grossed an estimated US$1.3 million, opening third behind Lupin the 3rd vs. Detective Conan: The Movie and the third week of the Studio Ghibli film Kaguya-hime no Monogatari (The Tale of Princess Kaguya). Variety called the Japanese debut troubling , considering the well-known local cast and the fact that the film is loosely based on a famous Japanese tale. The evening tabloid newspaper Nikkan Gendai stated that its dismal performance were unheard-of numbers generated by the Japanese distaste for a Hollywood rendition of Chushingura which bore no resemblance to the renowned historical epic. In the United States the film grossed US$20.6 million in its first five days of release, opening in ninth place at the box office. It also grossed US$2.3 million for a fifth-place debut in the United Kingdom. The film was a box office bomb, unable to recover its $175 million production budget.

Critical response

47 Ronin received predominantly negative reviews from film critics, failing to impress Japanese audiences where studio expectations were high. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a 16% approval rating based on 89 reviews, with an average score of 4.2/10. The critical consensus states: 47 Ronin is a surprisingly dull fantasy adventure, one that leaves its talented international cast stranded within one dimensional roles. On Metacritic the film has a score of 28 out of 100 based on 21 critics, indicating generally unfavorable reviews . Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of B+ on an A+ to F scale.

Kirsten Acuña of Business Insider stated that the film flopped for three reasons: First, it opened in December when there is an over-saturation of films for the Christmas season; second, the film took too long in the vault , having undergone editing and lost momentum; and third, audiences had not been drawn to Reeves as an actor since The Matrix Revolutions (which was released ten years prior) and that he had not yet reestablished his stardom prior to making John Wick.


40th Saturn AwardsBest CostumePenny RoseNominated
Best Production DesignJan RoelfsNominated
IGN AwardsBest Fantasy Movie and Best 3D Movie47 RoninNominated
Golden Reel AwardBest Sound Editing - Music in a Feature FilmAndrew Silver (supervising music editor), Kenneth Karman (music editor), Julie Pearce (music editor) and Peter Oso Snell (music editor)Nominated


In August 2020, a sequel was announced to be in development. Ron Yuan will serve as director, with John Orlando, Share Stallings and Tim Kwok co-producing. The plot of the film will take place 300 years in the future and will be a mashup of genres including martial arts, horror, action, and science fiction cyber-punk. By April 2021, actress Aimee Garcia and former professional wrestler-turned-author AJ Mendez were writing the sequel. Principal photography took place in Budapest in December 2021. Blade of the 47 Ronin will be produced by Universal 1440 Entertainment and distributed by Netflix for release in 2022.




Chris Morgan, Eric Mcleod, Hossein Amini, Pamela Abdy


Universal Pictures Home Entertainment

Published Date


Age Group


Rating MPA


Recording Studio

Universal Pictures Home Entertainment




Universal Studios

Amazon ASIN











2h 8min


Awards, 5 nominations


Carl Rinsch


Chris Morgan, Hossein Amini, Walter Hamada


Keanu Reeves, Hiroyuki Sanada, Ko Shibasaki

Produced by

Pamela Abdy, Chris Fenton, Walter Hamada, Michael Maker, Eric McLeod, Erwin Stoff, Scott Stuber

Music by

Ilan Eshkeri

Cinematography by

John Mathieson

Film Editing by

Stuart Baird

Casting By

Denise Chamian, Priscilla John, Ania O'Hare

Production Design by

Travis Hancock, Jan Roelfs

Art Direction by

David Allday, John Chichester, Robert Cowper, Gary Freeman, Fay Greene, Simon McGuire, Stuart Rose, Leslie Tomkins, Fay Viola, Bruce Robert Hill

Set Decoration by

Elli Griff

Costume Design by

Penny Rose

Makeup Department

Márta Antal, Jessica Brooks, Lucy Browne, Amanda Burns, Amy Byrne, Szandra Bíró, Tilly Calder, Punam Chhatralia, Sharon Colley, Sophie Corbould, Tania Couper, Lauren Katie Cox, Pollyanna Coxon-Smith, Francesca Crowder, Móni Csomós, Nathaniel De'Lineadeus, David Dorling, Sarah Downes, Jenna Roseanne Drew, Hannah Eccleston, Amy Elliot, Kathryn Fa, Emma Faulkes, Ann Fenton, Annette Field, Darlene Forrester, Kim Freeland, Richard Glass, Mandy Gold, Chloe Grice, Lisa Halstead, Jenny Hammond, Shaune Harrison, Jemma Harwood, Charlotte Hayward, Jill Hornby, Judit Hornyák, Ernella Hortobágyi, Catriona Johnstone, Alexandra Joyce, Nóra Kapás, Angela Kiely, Amanda Knight, Nóra Koltai, Katie Lee, Jane Logan, Chris Lyons, Monica MacDonald, Ildikó Makk, Nadine Mann, Sarah Jane Marks, Claire Matthews, Nuria Mbomio, Madlen Mierzwiak, Jon Moore, Nicola Mount, Stephen Murphy, Lisa Mustafa, Mate Nagy, Jessica Needham, Sharon Nicholas, Gabriella Németh, Sharon O'Brien, Katie Pattenden, Vanya Pell, Nikita Rae, Jeanette Redmond, Adrian Rigby, Stephen Rose, Alex Rouse, Jutta Russell, Luca Saccuman, Andrew Simonin, Tracy Smith, Paul Spateri, Rachael Speke, Nadia Stacey, Zoey Stones, Lisa Tomblin, Katalin Tomola, Luca Vannella, Nik Williams, Wakana Yoshihara, Sylvia Atkins, Patt Foad, Jo Nielsen, Marc Pilcher, Emma J. Slater, Sarah Weatherburn

Production Management

David Bell, Erica Bensly, Jennifer Conroy, Sara Desmond, Tamás Gál, Chris Johnston, Krisztian Kertai, Olivia Lyne, Douglas C. Merrifield, Angus More Gordon, Edit Nagy, Neil Ravan, Diane L. Sabatini, Miklós Tóth, Sean T. Stratton

Second Unit Director or Assistant Director

Joe Barlow, Cathy Britton, Darwin Brooks, Chris Carreras, Glen Carroll, Amy Coats, Celine Coulson, William Dodds, Viktor Egri, David R. Ellis, Christina Kelton Garner, Alex Gavigan, Gerry Gavigan, Mark Gillespie, Sallie Hard, Julia Hargitay, Nick Heckstall-Smith, Toby Hosking, Alexandra Jordan, Chris Judd, Ray Kenny, Bryn Lawrence, Tamas Lukacs, Terence Madden, Laurie Mahon, Gergö Marton, Emese Matuz, Abby Mills, Phil Neilson, David Pinkus, Brandy D. Pollard, Szonja Szekerák, Paul Taylor, Tamás Vass, Simon Warnock, Tom White, Natalie Wood, Karl King, Gary Richens

Art Department

Elizabeth Abad Quintero, Michael Acheson, Andrew Ainscow, Alex Aitken, Roxana Alexandru, Timea Antal, Giles Asbury, Martin Asbury, Ravi Bansal, Connor Bede, James Bede, Richard Bennett, Lee Biggs, Gabor Biro, Joe Bovington, Guy Bradley, Satarupa Bradley, Christopher Brändström, Jim Buchan, Oliver Carroll, Graham Caulfield, Tina Charad, Mick Chubbock, Chris Coles, Emma Coppin, Jake Corney, Jim Cornish, Ben Crooks, Gary Crosby, Kevin Cross, Jack Dehaan, Gary Dempsey, Miranda Diamond, John Dickenson, David Doran, Jillian Drujon, Gergely Dömölki, James Enright, Andy Evans, Jeff Finch, Gavin Fitch, Richard Flower, Rod Forbes, Hugh Fottrell, Kevin Fraser, Mark Fruin, Steve Furneaux, Liam Georgensen, Oliver Goodier, Thomas Goodwin, Reka Gottlieb, Craig Guinan, Andrew Guyett, Michael Guyett, Emma Hanson, Tyler Hardin, Wesley Harland, Rohan Harris, Steve Harris, Ray Harvie, Terry Heggarty, Gyula Herjeczki, Máté Herjeczki, Joel Herron, Jonathan Holbrook, A. Todd Holland, Peter Hooper, Clive Ingleton, Márton Ivanov, Michael Anthony Jackson, Charles Jellis, Patricia Johnson, Bethan Jones, Gary Jopling, Jeff Julian, Gergely Kajdi, Edvin Killinger, Michael King, Attila Kiss, József Kiss, Tamas Kiss, Zoltán Kiss, Sally Knight, Zoltán Kohut, Máté Kovácsi, Jaroslaw Kozak, Carol Kupisz, Samuel Leake, Anthony Leonardi III, Andrew H. Leung, Jennifer Lewicki, Gerald Linnane, Nick Lloyd, Will Loughlin, Emma Lovell, Hunya László, Steve Macher, Joanna Maeva, Adam Maher, Adam Maher, John Maher, Meike Maher, Charlotte Malynn, Tony Marks, Jon Marson, Mihály Marton, Masako Masuda, Lily Mathiszig-Lee, Kate McColgan, Simon McGuire, Nathan Middleton, Dave Midson, Alexandra Miklos, Nick Milner, Michele Moen, Attila Molnar, Zsolt Molnar, Joe Monks, Garry Moore, David Moreau, Nathan Morse, Adam Mull, Eddie Murphy, Steven Murphy, Kálmán Nagy, Norbert Nagy, Craig Narramore, Alan Neighbour, Brandon Norris, Zsolt Nyerges, Philip O'Connell, Josh O'Neill, Tom O'Neill, Tamas Ordodi, Annamária Orosz, Wolfgang Osterholzer, Damian Paesano, Martine Palmer, Michael Parkin, Vladimir Pavlu, Nathan Payne, Steve Payne, Stephen Pearton, Beatrix Petõ, Dan Pitt, Manuel Plank-Jorge, Thomas Power, Daniel Purdy, Graeme Purdy, Paul Purdy, Katie Ralph, Tyrone Reed, Justin Richards, Paul Robinson, Christina Romney-Glotzer, Sam Rowan, Richard Rowntree, Terry Royce, Mauricio Ruiz, Zsolt Sajgó, Keiko Shimoda, Nick Slater, Karolina Slemer, Suzanna Smith, Codrina Spataru, Simon Sweeney, Gábor Szabó, Mátyás Szakonyi, László Szirmai, Barbara Szlávik, Anthony Szuch, Tibor Szécsi, Fred Taylor, Rebecca Timons, Béla Tollay, Annie Toop, Gabor Toth, Erik Tóth, Zoltán Tóth, Vilmos Törköly, Arnaud Valette, Dalibor Vasica, Tim Wake, Julian Walker, Stuart Walpole, Amanda Ward, Dicken Warner, Georgia Warner, Craig Whiteford, Ian Whiteford, Carl Wilson, Thomas Wingrove, Eddie Wolstencroft, Bradley Woodbridge, Philippa Ashcroft, Sylvain Despretz, Hugo Dias, Natasha Jones, Zsolt Nemes

Sound Department

James Ashwill, Ian Bender, Howard Bevan, Simon Brown, Blake Collins, Dean Covill, Tamás Csaba, John T. Cucci, Simon Diggins, Jesse Dodd, Teri E. Dorman, Paul Drenning, Angelina Faulkner, Christopher Flowers, Charlotte Gray, John Guentner, Nia Hansen, Kimberly Harris, David C. Hughes, Alex Knickerbocker, Sebastien Lacheray, Daniel Laurie, Martin Lopez, Melissa Lytle, Dash Mason-Malik, Stuart McCowan, Bill Meadows, John Midgley, Shannon Mills, Frank A. Montaño, Matthias Neumann, Tim Nielsen, Dan O'Connell, Kevin O'Connell, Jordan O'Neill, Clive Osborne, Derek Pippert, György Rajna, Mike Reardon, Jonathan Rego, Jacob Riehle, Philip Rogers, Lynn Sable, Martin Seeley, Dee Selby, Robert Shoup, Jon Taylor, Addison Teague, Zsolt Triz, Jack Whittaker, Ryan Young, Erick Ávila Hernández, Evan J Haley, Shannon Mills, Addison Teague

Special Effects by

Dominic Allan, Bence Arik, Matthew G. Armstrong, Beverly Austin, Adam Banks, Will Bazeley, Daniel Bentley, Julie Bentley, Andy Collings, Kyle Conder, Chris Corbould, Paul Corbould, Aaron Cox, Craig Daly, Alicia Davies, Csaba László Eröss, Peter Fern, Gergely Glovotz, Tom Goodman, Oliver Guy-Watkins, Joe Halford, Mark Hutchinson, David Johns, Gareth Jolly, Gyula Krasnyánszky, Zoltan Kvassay, Alex Landrum Jr., Jason Leinster, Matt Lewis, Jared Manley, Jason McCameron, Mark Meddings, Tim Mitchell, Martin Neill, Norbert Orosz, Jalila Otky, László Pintér, Graham Povey, Delroy Reid, Grant Rogan, Helen Rowe, Stephen Shelley, Andy Simm, Nigel Sinclair, James Smith, Nick Smith, Paul Stephenson, Ferenc Török, Attila Varsányi, Attila Vásári, Paul Waller, Daniel Williams, Gareth Wingrove, Attila Érczkövi

Visual Effects by

Shane Acker, Nidhi Agarwal, Anastasios Agiakatsikas, Nikita Agrawal, Kieran Ahern, Ben Aickin, Nicolas Aithadi, Juan Antonio Alamo, James Albiez, Holly Aldersley, Carlos A. Alfaro Jr., Fahed Alhabib, Michael Allen, Laia Alomar, Juan Alvarez, Nikhil M. Anand, Katarzyna Ancuta, John Anderholm, Richard Anderson, Tovonaina Andriamampionona, Andrea Arghinenti, David Armitage, Luke Armstrong, Austen Armus, Julien Arnal, Ruth Asensio, Stefan Ash, James Ashworth, Mathieu Assemat, Myles Asseter, Tony Atherton, Daniel Avery, Patrice Avery, Adam Azmy, Thomas Baber, Nithin Babu, Tigran Badalyan, Richard Baillie, Alexandre Bain, James Baker, Manjusha Balachandran-Hall, Priyanka Balasubramanian, Sanjay Baliga, Matthew Ball, James Ballan, James Ballard, Jasper M. Baltzersen, Gretchen Bangs, Dave Bannister, Harry Bardak, Giacomo Bargellesi, Jeff Barnes, Brandon Barney, Neill Barrack, Tom Barrett, Andrew Barry, Valentina Bartiromo, Jay Barton, Katrina Barton, Tom Baskaya, Claudio Bassi, Daniel Batt, Mark Battle, Matt Bauer, Ryan Bauer, Eric M. Beaver, Michael Becki, Lizi Bedford, Aaron Beebe, Leah Beevers, Brian Begun, Adrian Bell, Jennifer C. Bell, Paula Bell, Luca Bellano, Jeannie Ben-Hain, Nadir Benhassaine, Charlie Bennett, Sara Bennett, Brian N. Bentley, Richard Bentley, Siobhan Bentley, Lisa Beroud, Mark Berry, Sam Berry, Christopher Bird, Kanishk Deb Biswas, André Bittencourt, Jourdan Biziou, Edward Blackford, Michael Blain, Gerald Blaise, Mike Bodkin, David Bohorquez, Stacey Boiselle, Charlie Bolwell, Vincent Bonnet, Daniel Booty, Daniel Borg, Michael Borhi, Mayumi Boruah, Sudeepto Bose, Kevin Bouchez, Virginie Bourdin, Yanick Bourgie, Jason Bowers, Christopher Bozzetto, Katie Anna Brady, Dhiraj Brahma, William Brand, Ottaviano Brando, Erik Bratlien, Benjamin Bratt, A.J. Briones, Julie Brown, Kari Brown, Stefan Brown, Boris Bruchhaus, Rory Bryans, Rob Bryson, Daniel Buck, Andrew Bunday, Bryan Burger, Sophie Burie, Julian Burt, Lexie Busby, Todd Busch, Henry Bush, Elise Butt, Sarah Byers, Daniela Cabrera, Alexander Cameron, Huseyin Caner, Felipe Canfora, Pete Capelluto, Miguel Carballal, Tasha Carlson, Ronan Carr Fanning, Thomas Carter, Alejandro Iván Hernández Castañeda, Galen Caulfield, Remi Cauzid, Maxime Cazaly, Gabriel D. Cervantes, Chris Chadwick, Aleksandar Chalyovski, Thomas Champon, Manjoe Chan, Malavika Chandrakanth, Anoop Chandran, Barish Chandran, Blandine Chanteur, Anthony Chappina, Satyendra Chaturvedi, Ching-Yi Chen, Albert Cheng, Mark Chernausek, Garvit Chhabra, Tagui Chilyan, Christopher Chinea, Giuseppe Chisari, Laurence Chong, Gotthardt-Mills Chris, Darren Christie, Ivan Cipriani, Graham D. Clark, Jimi Clark, Oli Clarke, Erik Classen, Darrell Claunch, Rebecca Clay, Ryan Cleveland, Roberto Clochiatti, Pietro Coco, Will Cohen, Crystal Compton, Paul Connaughton, Danielle Conroy, J. Todd Constantine, Traian Constantinescu, Chris Cooper, Nico Coronado, Juan Francisco Correa Diaz, Alexander Costa, Agathe Courtisse, Richard Courtman, Antonio Covelo Peleteiro, Tom Cowlishaw, David Crane, Mathew Crisp, Thomas Crow, Alex Cumming, Eoghan Cunneen, Amy Cuthbertson, Jason Cutler, Aimee Dadswell, Paul Daiko, Adam Darrah, Christopher Davies, Rupert Davies, Amy Davis, Scott Dawkins, Michael DeBeer, Rachel Pieper Decker, Leonardo Dell'Agli, Stanley A. Dellimore, Chong Deng, Justin Denton, Claire Denwood, Steven Denyer, Dominique Derrenger, Rustin Devendorf, Adam Dewhirst, Eric J. Dima-ala, Ben Dishart, Oz Dolphin, Francesc Donaire, Hannes Doornaert, Robert Dorris, Lucy Drewett, Luke Drummond, Peter Dudley, Elisabeth Dugnas, Lorna Dumba, Chris Duncan, Sudip Dutta, Edgar Díaz, Kishan E. Chandran, Carl Edlund, Bronwyn Edwards, Christopher Edwards, Nadav Ehrlich, Stephen Elson, Jordan Emerick, Brian Emerson, Greg Emerson, Marco Aurélio Engelmann Santos, Ryan Ensign, Jenn Epstein, Zsuzsanna Erdei, Selcuk Ergen, Lars Erik Eriksen, Brian Fanska, Joseph Farrant, S. Scott Farrar, Ryan Fear, Ian Fellows, Jackie Fenton, Robin Pierce Ferber, Oliver Fergusson-Taylor, Audrey Ferrara, Christopher Ferrari, Catarina Ferreira, Mark Ferrer, Alastair Ferris-Leak, John Fielding, Emelia Fiell, Kiel Figgins, Reuben Firoozian, Andrew Fletcher, Jacob Flint, Joss Flores, Brad Floyd, Heather Flynn, Les Foor, James Fouche, Matt Fox, Janet Freedland, Roland Friedrich, Josh Frontino, Ben Frost, Wesley Froud, Mark Fry, David Frylund Otzen, Kai Gadd, Aldo Gagliardi, Stephen A. Gall, Mayur Gangasagar, Lauren Manuel Garcia Carro, Nathan Gardner, Ales Gargulak, Rob Garner, Sarah Gatefield, Dawn Gates, Raphael Gaudin, Joan Gauna, Denise Gayle, Brian Gazdik, Pätrick Gehlen, Marco Genovesi, Jack George, Danny Geurtsen, Clement Gharini, Abhishek Ghorui, Matthew E. Gill, Stefano Giorgetti, Thomas Girdwood, Henning Glabbart, Frederikke Glick, Rizza Go, Jitesh Gohil, Julien Goldsbrough, Claudio Gonzalez, Edgar Gonzalez, Monika Gosch, Mark Gostlow, Joshua Gotto, Andrew Gough, Matthieu Goutte, A.B. Govardhan, Kelsey Gow, Sofus Graae, Mai Gray, Emily Greeley, Jon Green, Josh Gridley, Turlo Griffin, Neil Griffiths, Dean Grubb, James Grummitt, Jakub Grygier, Scott Gudahl, Ummi Gudjonsson, Diego Guerrero, Ben Guthrie, Benjamin Guy, Charlie Habanananda, Oliver Hagar, Nick Haines, Christopher Haldane, Luan Hall, Faraz Hameed, Daniel Hammonds, Nicholas Hampshire, Don Ho Han, Wyatt Hannon, Matt Hansen, Derek Hanson, Patrick Harboun, Rich Hardy Jr., Peter Hardy, Steve Hardy, Suresh Hari, Jake Harrell, Jessica Harris, Chloe Harrison, Jon Hartley, Patrick Haskew, Louise Hastings, Alex Hatfield, Arnaud Havart, Brian Hawkins, Andy Hayes, Dustin Hayes, Karsten Hecker, Daniel Heder, Alex Heffner, Eoin Hegan, Namjin Heo, Alicia Heraper, Julio Del Rio Hernandez, Nicolas Hernandez, Robert Hesketh, Jordan Heskett, Warwick Hewett, Frederic Heymans, Bryan M. Higgins, Claire Louise Hill, Leo Hills, Robin Hinch, Russell Hinton, Andre Hitsøy, Thomas Rotohiko Hobman, Kay Hoddy, Victoria Hodson, Ady Holt, Rudi Holzapfel, Nathan Hopkins, Jason Horley, Russell Horth, Daryn Houston, Bryan Howard, Chia-Chi Hu, Graham Hudson, Steve Hughes, Chris Hunt, Jess Hunt, Katherine Hupp, Nicholas Hurst, Julian Hutchens, Andrew Hutton, Nile Hylton, Walter F. Hyneman, Sarah Iduwe, Atsushi Ikarashi, Daniel J. Ingram, Paul Ingram, Aruna Inversin, Sonia Alexia Ioannou, Kwai Keung Ip, Sasha Leigh Izadpanah, Francesc Izquierdo, Lakshmi J.K., Owen Jackson, Vahram Jacobs, Abby Jacobsen, Suzanne Jandu, Patrick Jarvis, Daniel Jeantou, Sivaprakash Jeevanantham, Kevin Jenkins, Chris Jestico, Jakub Jezek, Neil Jianoran, Haley JoAnna, Jimmy Johansson, Blake Kenneth Johnson, Tim Johnson, Aled Rhys Jones, David Jones, Katherine Renee Jones, Keith Jones, Marc Jones, Owen Jones, Igor Jovanovic, Cavan Judge, Soyeon Jung, Sarah Juniper, Corey Just, Shannon Justison, Dinesh K. Bishnoi, Rajesh Kumar K.V., Sunil Kadam, Nikos Kalaitzidis, Jeevith Kanth, Ranajoy Kar, Per Karefelt, Andreas Bravin Karlsson, Henrik Karlsson, Ravi Krishna Kasumarthy, Shraddha Kate, Prateek Kaushal, Tomi Keeling, Ryan Keely, Elaine Kelley, Ian Kelly, James D. Kelly, Stephanie C. Kelly, Spencer Kelsey, Thomas Kernan, Kristof Kiraly, Connor Kitto, Niels Kleinheinz, Terry Klopfenstein, Bastian Klucker, Mike Knox, Gerry Kodo, Karl Kohlman, Jakob Kousholt, Anna Koziol, George Krauter, Uma Krishnamurthy, Daniel Kuehn, Nitesh Kumar, Prabhudas Kunden, Dan Kunz, Laurent Laban, Leandre Lagrange, Alain Lalanne, Ben Lambert, Kevin LaNeave, Douglas Larmour, Jorel Latraille, Lorenzo Lavatelli, Daniel Leatherdale, Patrick Ledda, Robbie Lee, Jami Levesque, Julian Levi, Dean Lewandowski, Gareth Lewis, John Peter Li, Seth Lickiss, Anu Liikkanen, Holt Lindenberger, Eleonor Lindvall, Robert Liscombe, Patricia Llaguno, Russell Lloyd II, Benjamin Loch, Michael Lohr, Armando Lombardo, Andreas Loose, Steven Lovell, Patrick Lowry, Sam Lucas, Christina Lum, Harrison Ly, David Lyon, David Magee, Allan Magled, Yael Majors, Suraj Makhija, Sebastian Maldonado, Greg Malkin, Christina Mandia, Zach Mandt, Govindan Manivannan, Thomas Mansencal, Christian Manz, Chen Mao, Pavan Maradia, Natanya Marks, Antonio Marra, Edward Martin, Jose Martin, Damon Martinez, Olivier Martiny, Mario Maruska, Jeff Masters, Rachel Matchett, Laszlo Mates, Ian Mathews, Roger Mathews, Javad Matoorian-Pour, Giacomo Matteucci, Bhumika Mayer, Clare Mayhew, David Mayhew, Jon McCoy, Marlin McGlone, Nakia McGlynn, Andrew McGregor, Declan McGuire, Scott McInnes, Gavin McKenzie, Fiona McLean, Chris McLeod, Jan Meade, Shantel Medina, Kevin Melia, Carlos Mendoza Jr., Abigail Mendoza, Horacio Mendoza, Ian Menzies, Simon Mercer, Ruha Merchant, Andre Mercier, Aron Merritt, Christophe Meslin, Károly Mesterházy, Ellie Meure, Claire Michaud, Tony Micilotta, Joanna Migodzinska, Karolis Mikalauskas, Mark Millena, Giacomo Mineo, Scott Mitchell, Jambunatha Mn, Yann Moalic, Stephen Molyneaux, Rodney Montague, Daniel Moody, Immanuel Morris, Bastien Mortelecque, Martin Mueller, Michael Mulholland, Adriano Mulè, Jenesta Munro, Gautama Murcho, Carson Murdy, Frances Muthaiah, Patrick Muylkens, Naren Naidoo, Nandhakishore, Todd Napier, Irene Navarro, Paula Nederman, Andreas Nehls, Bruce Nelson, Charlotte Nelson, Paul Nendick, Sebastian Ness, Mark Neumann, Elliot Newman, Antony Nguyen, Sk Nguyen, Vinh Nguyen, James Nicholl, Dillan Nicholls, Christopher Nichols, Luke Niejadlik, Marcin Nikiforuk, Alena Nikitina, Emelie Nilsson, Stephen Nixon, David J. Nolan, Aaron Noordally, Robert Nzengou-Tayo, Dameon O'Boyle, Rob O'Dea, Michael Hugh O'Donnell, Dano O'Shaughnessy, Martin Ofori, Grant Olin, Dave Olivares, Sonny Ong, Arturo Orgaz Casado, Daniele Orsetti, Adam Stephen Orton, Mark Osborne, Sam Osborne, Raphael Oseguera, Marc Ostroff, Matthew Ovens, Nitheesh P.C., Suneel Kumar Palla, Oliver Palmer, Guo Kun Pan, Konstantinos Panagiotopoulos, Oleksandr Panaskevych, Hyun Bo Park, Jasper Parker Trenfield, Adam Parker, James Parsons, Tom Partridge, Dana Passarella, Diego Pastor Bartoli, Nikul Patel, Radhika Patel, Kartiki Patil, Jacob Patrick, Niki Patterson, Sheri Patterson, Todd Patterson, Joe Pavlo, Dan Pearson, John Peck, Carlos Pedroza, Rob Peek, Sachin Shivajirao Pendalwar, Stuart Penn, Manuel Perez, Hayley Perkins, Binoy Peters, Dennis Petkov, Valentin Petrov, Will Phillips, Dawrath Phoue, Rob Pieke, Ezra Pike, Milen Piskuliyski, Erik Ploneda, Ariele Podreider Lenzi, Marine Poirson, Konstantinos Pontikidis, Alexandru Popescu, Lee Chan Popo, Tim Pounds-Cornish, Donna Poynton, Kukal Prasanth, David Pritchard, Alexandre Prod'homme, Howard Protheroe, Jean-Colas Prunier, Derek N. Prusak, Simon-Pierre Puech, James Purdy, Stefan Puschendorf, Francis Puthanangadi, Philip Quaglino, Maickel Quinet, Melissa Quintas, Prabhakaran R., Paul Raeburn, Preetham Raj, Vasisht Ramachandran, Janhavi Ramaswamy, Carlos Nestor Ramos, Ambrish Rangan, Matt Rank, Adrian Ratley, Justin Ray, Julien Record, Adam Redford, Siân Rees, William Reges, Mick Reid, Markus Reithoffer, Kristian Rejek, Robin Reyer, Katie Rhodes, Marc Rice, Rob Richardson, Johannes Richter, Dominic Ridley, Marc D. Rienzo, Benoit Rimet, Christine Carnegie Rinaldi, Bjarni Robert Bragason, Gary Roberts, Scott Robertson, Philip J. Robinson, Javier Roca, Neil Roche, Nathaniel Rodriguez, Bob Roesler, Philip Rosado, Luca Gabriele Rossetti, Greg Ruane, Rachel Rubenstein, Francesco Russo, Alessandro Sabbioni, Abhinav Sah, Sunil Saini, Anjum Sakharkar, Freddy Salazar, Sam Salek, Peter Salter, Victor-Aday Sanchez, Steven Sandles, Eric Sanford, Miguel Santana da Silva, Nathan Santell, Anthony Luigi Santoro, Joaquim Santos, B.S. Rajkumar Sapate, Nick Sargent, Lukas Sarralde, John E. Sasaki, Sathiyakumar, Arutyun Artur Sayan, Lena Scanlan, Casey Schatz, Adrian Scherger, Angelika Schierz, Daniel Schrepf, Jan Schubert, Brian Schultz, Brian Schumacher, John Christopher Scott, Rebecca Scott, Nicholas Seal, Gourdal Sebastien, Nicolas Seck, Rene Segura, Prathap Sekar, Keith Sellers, Roger Serrabassa Vilar, Sajith Sethumadhavan, Gianfranco Sgura, Aatesh Shah, Mansi Shah, Stanislav Shapetskiy, Rahul Sharma, Randy Sharp, Denys Shchukin, Ken Shimizu, Naveen Shukla, Adnan Siddique, Joseph Silva, Marcus Silvera, David Simpson, Rajeev Singh, Akhauri P. Sinha, Tomos Sion, Dax Siplin, Matina Skouteri, Klaus Skovbo, Michal Skowron, Dawid Skrodzki, Laurence Smith, Maxwell Smith, Patrick Smith, Tefft Smith, Daniel Smollan, Zach Smothers, Mohamed Sobhy, Arvind Sond, Greg Spencer, Elliot Staker, Kasy Stein, David Stephens, Penn Stevens, Alastair Stevenson, Cody Stewart, G. Allen Stewart, Michele Stocco, Maria Stroka, Mirek Suchomel, Vinayaga Sundar, Suneel.Sahu, Jeevith Suryakanth, Eleanor Sutton, Alexander Swann, Sarah Swick, Anna Swift, John Szebegyinszki, Marc Taganas, Dann Tarmy, Ruggero Taschini, Hollie Taylor, Mark Taylor, Noah Taylor, Vincent Techer, Olivier Thibaut, Alex Thiesen, Michael Thingnes, Jason Thomas, Nacho Thomas, Promod Thomas, Michael Adam Thompson, Otto Thorbjørnsen, Garv Thorp, Natalie Thorsley, Jithendran Thottupurath, Ashley Tilley, Paul Timpson, Robert Tobin, Ruggero Tomasino, James Tottman, Jérémie Touzery, Derek Tracy, Thomas Tran, Sanju Travis, Gareth Tredrea, Caspar Trenchard-Turner, Emerito Trevino, Ryan Trippensee, Yangdi Tschannerl, Iyi Tubi, James Turner, Jonathan Turner, Matthew Twyford, Charlotte Tyson, Josiah Van Arsdel, Richard Van De Steenoven, John Van Hoey Smith, Sherin Varghese, Ville-Matti Vasama, Vasantharajan.g.d, Anandan Vasudevan, Lies Veldeman, Viktor Vertesi, Leo Vezzali, Dan Victoire, Giuliano Dionisio Vigano, Shiv Kumar Vishwakarma, Laura Voglesong, Christian Waite, Tim Walker, Eric Walls, Nathan Walster, Jo Wand, Chuan Wang, Pablo Wang, Pete Warbis, Adam Ward, Dan Warder, Jeffrey Warnhoff, Richard Wearmouth, Alex Webb, John L. Weckworth, Wesley Welcomer, Glenn Wells, Daniel Wennerholm, Holger Wenzl, Kelly Wescott, Nick Whiteley, Tom Whittington, Bernard Wicksteed, Ruth Wiegand, Rachel Williams, Ryan M. Wilson, Sally Wilson, Blake Winder, Kate Windibank, Greg Winhall, Andrew Winters, Tim Withers, Jamie Wong, Zachary Wong, Stephanie Woo, Andrew Wood, Graham Wood, Mike Wood, Tom Woodall, Rory Woodford, Mike Woodhead, Alan Woods, William G. Wright, Sammy Wu, Terry Wu, Marvin Yanez, Alvin Yap, Perry Yap, Sheen Yap, Sheen Wei Yap, Travis Yee, Natalie Young, Tim Young, Alessandro Zanforlin, Dan Zelcs, Jerry Zigounakis, Toth Zsuzsa, Ruben Gerardo Alfaro Moreno, Christopher S. Allen, Miriam Alvarez, Rajesh Babu, Darren Bailey, Sreyans Bardia, Dan Cregan, Karthik Kumar Durairaj, Jonathan Harden, Cat Harris, Hetal Jain, John Johansson, Edward McDonough, Christopher Montesano, Travis Murray, Prashanth Narayanan, Chris O'Connell, Joan Panis, Prakash Pathak, Phets Phonasa, Paul Roberts, Vijayakumar S, Kesavan S., Gonzalo Sanchez, K L Sateesh Varma, Jessica Sharp, David Swift, Randy R. Tecson, Ricardo Velez


Kanat Abdrakhmanov, Tsuyoshi Abe, Guiomar Alonso, Nurlan Altaev, Daisuke Amano, Luis Miguel Arranz, Francisco Manuel Yanez Azuaga, Yoshitada Azuma, Ulan Baktahunov, Menyhért René Balog-Dutombé, Szigethy Balázs, Andrea Barat, Daniyar Beissekov, Kristof Belovai, Morgan Benoit, Ferenc Berecz, Nurbek Bolotov, Murat Burkhanov, Dénes Bálind, Gergely Bíró, Marvin Campbell, Richard Cetrone, Jake Cox, Tom Cox, Matt Crook, Ricardo Cruz, Erika Cziráky, Yedil Dalkhanov, Kevin Dang, Zoltan Danko, Rockey Dickey Jr., Gábor Duck, Manas Dzhanyshev, Jozsef Fodor, David Forman, Kôichi Funayama, Endre Fórika, Kinga Gavalda, Ken Goto, James Green, Ángel Gómez de la Torre, Ainoy Halsackda, Amed Hashimi, Randy Haynie, Shun Hirosawa, Toshi Hirosawa, Hayward Ho, Rob Ho, Gergö Horpácsi, Lou Horvath, Lajos Horváth, Zoltán Hódi, Zoltán Ignácz, Tasho Ihara, Yoshio Iizuka, Nobuhiro Inohara, Anas Jeremy, Laszlo Juhász, Kasim Jumagujin, Timur Kalizharov, Eiji Kamada, Masaki Kanou, Beibut Khomikov, Laszlo Kosa, Géza Kovács, Norbert Kovács, Takahiro Kudo, Kanat Kudyarov, Zhaidarbek Kunguzhinov, Hai Le, Balazs Lengyel, Csaba Lengyel, Akos Lenkei, Andy Lister, Jason Ludwig, Aaron Ly, Russell MacLeod, Pascal Madura, Zsolt Viktor Magyari, Tateki Matsura, László Medriczky, Hiroo Minami, Edil Moldaliev, Tamás Molnár, Attila Mora, Lee Morrison, Kôji Nakamura, Kazuhiro Nanba, John Nania, Tsogtsaikan Narantsogt, Kôichi Natsuyama, Andrei Nazarenko, Ky Nguyen, Ma Ning, Niño Noölogy, Ilichbek Nuraev, Nobuyuki Obikane, Masahito Okamoto, Kazuyuki Okayama, Béla Orsányi, Stephen Oyoung, Kazuhiko Ozaki, Domonkos Pardanyi, Peter Pedrero, Andrew Phan, Gábor Piroch, Gary Powell, Nikki Powell, Ming Qiu, Ryan Paul Quayle, Richard Reeve-Young, Jamie Rider-Phillips, Laszló Romån, Kenji Sato, Toichubek Serkebayev, Eric Shaipulov, Diz Sharpe, Takashi Sokorai, Austin Spangler, Shane Steyn, Gáspár Szabó, Gabor Szeman, György Szántó, Yoshimitsu Tada, Nobutoshi Takahashi, Hiroki Takano, Yuji Takatsuki, Levente Tamási, Ryo Tanaka, Takashi Tanimoto, Alexander Temmink, Hiroko Tokui, Chuen Tsou, György Ulrik, Ami Verge, David Wald, Damien Walters, Vincent Wang, Ian Wu, Richard Wu, Jon Xue Zhang, Kazunori Yajima, Kimio Yamada, Liang Yang, Almat Yelegenov, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Roger Yuan, Peng Zhang, Pei Gang Zhao, Dauren Zhunussov, Domonkos Pardanyi

Camera and Electrical Department

Mark Abraham, Ayla Akdemir, Sam Alberg, Tim Ambridge, David Appleby, Dave Armstrong, Lee Baker, Simon Baker, Gábor Balda, Tom Balogh, Ádám Balogh, Alex Bender, Anthony Benjamin, Antal Berger, Péter Bognár, Sarah Brandes, David Broadfoot, Brannon D. Brown, James Burgess, Steve Burgess, Liam Butler, Zoltán Bók, Emmet Cahill, Aldo Camilleri, Patrick Campbell, David A. Canning, Chris Cavanagh, Luke Chisholm, Jenny John Chuan, Chris Clarke, Barney Coates, David Cornelius, Charley Cox, Jim Crowther, Jason Cuddy, Simon Cullen, Martyn Culpan, Nic Cupac, Ben Curran, Sean Davis, Krisztián Demeter, Isti Djuroska, Steve István Djuroska, Chris Dowling, Benjamin Edwards, Laurence Edwards, Paul Edwards, András Eichstaedt, Lee Eldred, Tom Elgar, Péter Faludi, Jaime Fletcher, Ben Foat, Kevin Fraser, John Frost, Dan Gamble, Harry Gamble, John Gamble, Tash Gamper, Gabor Gelegonya, Ben Gervais, Chris Gilbertson, Alan Grayley, Posztos György, Luke Andrew Haddock, Will Handley, Phill Hardy, John B. Harper, Des Hills, Darren Holland, Tommy Holman, Krisztián Horváth, Ryan Huffer, Lewis Hume, Simon Hume, Larry Hurt, Gábor Iváncsik, Andrew Jones, Róbert Jász, Adam Kalacsi, Aaron Keating, Lizzie Kelly, János Kiss, Attila Kolozs, Ferenc Krámli, Tibor Kun, Alison Lai, Zoltán Lakatos, Futo Laszlo, Sandra Lombardi, Viktor Lonek, Péter Manzel, Alan Martin, Jason Martin, Matthew Martin, John Marzano, Felix McNamara, Keith McNamara, Ross McNamara, Tom Mitchell, 'Kis Gromek' László Molnár, Gary Moore, Mark Moriarty, Dean Morrish, Neil Munro, Claudio Napoli, James Nesbitt, Gary Nolan, Gary Norman, Christopher R. Nunn, Péter Nádai, Gergely Palffy, Krisztián Paluch, Jay Patel, David Penfold, Steve Petrie, Toby Plaskitt, Chris Plevin, Demetri Portelli, György Posztos, Jack Powell, Péter Pozsonyi, András Pozsár, Viktor Racsek, Mark Rafferty, James Ray-Leary, Michael Redmond, David Rist, Terry Robb, Gary Romaine, Maiya Rose, Thomas Royal, Béla Rácz, Luis Santos, Michael Seymour, Richard B. Shean, Jeff Shrimpton, Szabolcs Sipos, Martin Smith, Chris Stanbridge, James Starr, Joe Steel, János Steili, Paul Stewart, Steve Sullivan, Attila Szilágyi, Gergely Sztellik, Gabor Szucs-Kiraly, Fraser Taggart, Peter Tarran, Alex Teale, Kirk Thornton, Neil Tomlin, István Törzsök, István Török, Gavin Weatherall, Jon Webb, Jens Wenzel, David Allen West, Charlie Whitaker, Zoe Whittaker, Peter Wignall, Alexander Youssef, Ali Youssef, Ian Speed

Animation Department

Sven Assmuss, Alvise Avati, Terence Bannon, Philip Barnard, Dan Blacker, Michael Brunet, Bryon Caldwell, Ludovic Chailloleau, Santiago Colomo, Dave David, Brecht Debaene, Stuart M. Ellis, Karl Erlandsen, Emma Ewing, Hayley Fromstein, Graham Gallagher, Daniel Gerhardt, EJ Kang, Sidney Kombo, Devin Lim, Florent Limouzin, Jose 'Pep' Llado, Brett Margules, Mariano Mendiburu, Dale Newton, Lukas Niklaus, Duncan Ransom, Liam Russell, Vikash Sharma, Alfonso Sicilia, Brad Silby, Kevin Spruce, Arda Uysal, Wei Xing Yong, Susan Dehdari, Thibault Pansiot

Casting Department

Solomon Artistes, Francesca Bradley, Holly Dorff, Liz Ludwitzke, Zsolt Ferenc Maier, Karen Maxwell, Péter Mondok, Yôko Narahashi, Ben Pollack, Veronika Varjasi

Costume and Wardrobe Department

Ben Allard, Cathryn Avison, Zoltán Bereczki, David Bethell, Kaniez Braganza, Tünde Bényei, Michele Carragher, Rachel Chrisp, Martin Clarke, Paul Colford, Natasha Cousins, Gaia Cozzi, Sally Crees, Lee Croucher, Mari Csáki, Stefano De Nardis, Adam Dee, Charlie Denny, Lucy Denny, Charlotte Finlay, Ildikó Fogt, Ian Foweraker, Oliver Garcia, Kevin Giles, Philip Goldsworthy, Rose Goodhart, Deborah Grossman, Libby Guy-Silva, Warren Haigh, Sophie Hart-Walsh, Dougie Hawkes, Stuart Heath, Caroline Hickman, Gábor Homonnay, Andrew Hunt, Max Hunt, Kovecsi Kovacs Imre, Gergely Katai, Poli Kyriacou, Sophie Lambe, Liam Lambert, Eleanor Landgrebe, Catherine Lovett, Gyözö Macsuga, Robyn Manton, Amanda Mattes, Ciara McArdle, David McLaughlin, Martin McShane, Szabina Meszárovits, Sarah Moore, Beáta Neszmélyi, Shirley Nevin, Emily Newby, John Norster, Stephanie Paul, Laura Renouf, Adam Roach, Dorothy Sarafoglou, Margarethe Schmoll, Charlotte Sewell, James Shuttleworth, Lucilla Simbari, Barbara Sweryda, Gabor Szabo, András Szûcs, Hanna Tardos, Nat Turner, Darrell Warner, Cristy Watson, Greer Whitewick, Emma Kate Wood, Philippa Wood, Charlie Bluett, Kate Logan, Robert James Sutherland, Janis Vitolins

Editorial Department

Milton Adamou, Pascal Bennett, Stephen Boucher, Michael Buck, Thomas J. Cabela, Sara Coppola-Nicholson, Todd Daugherty, Ana de Mier y Ortuño, Jason Fabbro, Jason Gaudio, Dániel Hajnal, Nicholas Hasson, Rick Ives, Skip Kimball, Michael John Koetter, Eddie Madrigal, Emily Mason, Jason Modica, Simon Morgan, Bob Peishel, Dylan Quirt, Derek Schweickart, Salvatore Valone, Jason Wasserman, Dave Watro, Everette Webber, Darin Wooldridge, Bill Ceresia

Location Management

Jason Allen, Rudolf András, David Bispham, Caterina Boselli, James 'Fingers' Buxton, Chris Cranstoun, Alex Darby, Bill Darby, Alex Gladstone, Neil Grigson, Tobin Hughes, Ali James, Sarah Kate Lewis, Philip Lobban, Ian Lumsden, Matt Mirrington, Deborah Nutt, Laszlo Rorarius, Dominic Rossetti, Rachel S. Smith, Tony White

Music Department

John Barclay, Pete Beachill, Richard Bissill, Andy Brown, Celeste Chada, Daisy Chute, Richard Cookson, Caroline Dale, Jessica Dannheisser, Robert Elhai, Vic Fraser, Tristan Fry, Matthias Gohl, Stephen Hilton, Joji Hirota, Garfield Jackson, David Juritz, George Kallis, Kenneth Karman, Julian Kershaw, Keiko Kitamura, Chris Lawrence, Rachel Levy, Stephen McLaughlin, Adam Miller, Julie Pearce, Paul Saunderson, Andrew Silver, Nathaniel Smith, Peter Oso Snell, Dave Stewart, Robin Stout, Luc Suarez, Superhuman, Jeff Toyne, Doug Trantow, Emi Watanabe, Richard Watkins, James Welland, Liam Westbrook, Steve Wright, Rachel Bolt

Script and Continuity Department

Karin Anderson, Julia Chiavetta, Ceri Evans, Lisa Vick, Gabriella Winkler

Transportation Department

Jim Adams, Dean Arlen, Darren Beaven, Martin Birmingham, Steven Brigden, Dean Burtenshaw, Luke Carey, Jimmy Carruthers, Paul Deluce, John Doran, Alan Emanuel, Tony Evans, Chris Hammond, Graham Hill, John Humphreys, Leon Keegan, György Gábor Kiss, Claudia Kossik, Rob MacKnight, Mick Moran, Jason Mortlock, Jr. Sandor Paradi, Ken Price, Terry Pritchard, Dezso Pócsik, David Rosenbaum, Clive Shaw, Calab Strange, Darren Thackeray, Piotr Walczak

Additional Crew

Tsuyoshi Abe, Toshiya Agata, Steve Alterman, Damian Anderson, Yoshi Ando, Hannah Andrews, Jared Asato, Simon Atherton, Alison Bage, Csaba Bagossy, Stephanie Barker, Celia Barnett, Jody Beaudin, Monty Bennett, Joe Biggs, Helen Bingham, Gabor Boda, Veronika Bojtos, Rino Bonavita, Daniel Borg, David Boros, Melissa Bosco-Laude, Ron Bottitta, Lauren Broderick, Chris Bruno, Edita Brychta, Francesca Budd, Darren Bulmer, Shoky Carter, James Chambers, Jami Chan, Vic Chao, Tim C.J. Chew, Cody Choi, Jonathan Chu, Siobhan Claridy, Amiee Clark, Morgan Cline, Amy Coats, Diarmuid Coghlan, Annie Connors, Maria Corbould, David Coupland, Gabriella Csoma, Steve Cummings, Jack Cygan, Péter Danó, Emma Davie, Jason De Meo, Clifford De Spenser, Charlotte Dent, Sam Dent, Sup Dhanasonthorn, Neil Dickson, Sekani Doram, Graeme Douglas, Jessica Drake, Colum Eastwood, Charlie Elson, Dan Euston, Chris Silver Finigan, Connor Fisher, Scott Fisher, Maria Fitzgerald, Lucia Foster Found, Victor Fung, Gábor Gajdos, Carla Gale, Colin Galloway, Rita Galántai, Luc Gavigan, Christopher Gerteis, Jean Gilpin, Barrie Gower, Matt Gregan, Colin Grey, Nicholas Guest, Aaron Harvey, Alan Hausmann, Krisztina Hegyi, Daniel Hillary, Brian C. Hirono, Katherine Holder, Zoltan Gyorgy Horvath, Liam Irving, Jack Ivins, Daniel Jeantou, Richard B. Jefferson, Dan Johnson, Catherine Jones, Adrienn Kamarás, Eman Kazemi, John Kearney, Jamie Kemp, Huey Kerrigan, Sheerin Khosrowshahi-Miandoab, Rachel King, Andrew Kishino, Ben Kozel, Shauna L. Kroen, Christopher Kronus, Denice Kumagai, Ima Kuroda, James Kyson, Balázs Labancz, Ernst W. Laurel, Nick Laurence, Peter Lavin, Dana Lee, Kelly Lee, Mark C. Lee, William Michael Lee, Thomas Leer, Tim Lewis, Austen Lui, Juan Antonio López, Robert Madden, Mihaly Magenheim, Laurie Mahon, Yuki Matsuzaki, Mitchell Mcgee, Kristi McLaren, Brian Mear, Claire Mear, Leila Merabti, James Merrifield, David Midgen, Jeff D. Miller, Taishi Mizuno, Laura Moloney, Jasmin Moradian, Dina Morrone, Paul Murphy, Chrissy Murray, András Márton, Péter Mészáros, Elly Nakajima, Jonathan Nichols, Tiziano Niero, Darren O'Connell, Asami Ohkubo, Hernan Ortiz, Juan Pacheco, Dan Palmer, János Papp, Danny Pardo, Diego Daniel Pardo, Ann Pattison-Bingham, Mark Payne, Malcolm Pearce, Scott Perry, Olivia Pickford, Craig Pinney, Brandy D. Pollard, Janos Prihoda, Cynthia Quan, Stephen Ralphs, Tom Reynolds, Lori M. Roberts, Richard Rogan, Gail Rose, Mark Rowan, Tamlyn Samuels, Christine Samways, Paula Sargeant, Angelika Schierz, Andy Scott, Thomas Scott, Carla Self, Barney Shakespeare, Fusako Shiotani, Megumi Shioya, Yoshiaki Shioya, James Sie, Rob Sipson, Denise Snyder, André Sogliuzzo, Rob Sorrenti, Bertie Spiegelberg, Andy Stephens, Roy Stratford, Michael Stricker, Sarah Sugden, Richard Szabó, Enikö Szakács, Roxana Szarisz, Alpha Takahashi, Erika Tamás, Alex Taylor, Manning Tillman, Roman Tio, Toshi Toda, Zsolt Tolmár, Sarah Townsend, Kinga Trimmel, Kolos Trimmel, Derick Tsai, Marcelo Tubert, Stephen Turnbull, Ferenc Tóth, Gábor Ujházy, Viktor Vertesi, Norbert Vilonya, Mátyás Vándor, Derek Warman, Kirk Watson, Dominic Weisz, Bobby White, Tony White, Richard Wild, Robin Williams, Caroline Wilson, Matthew Wolf, Marc Wolff, Nathan Woods, Richard Wulf, Gábor Xantus, Chris Yong, Éva Zöld, Emily Goble, Nikhil Jassawalla, Dave Labich, Anna Loewy, Paula J. Newman, Teresa Orlando


Action, Drama, Fantasy


Bluegrass Films, H2F Entertainment, Mid Atlantic Films


USA, UK, Japan, Hungary


English, Japanese





ImDb Rating Votes


Metacritic Rating


Short Description

47 Ronin is a 2013 American fantasy action film directed by Carl Rinsch in his directorial debut. Written by Chris Morgan and Hossein Amini from a story conceived by Morgan and Walter Hamada, the film is a work of Chūshingura ( The Treasury of Loyal Retainers ): a fictionalized account of the forty-seven rōnin, a real-life group of masterless samurai under daimyō Asano Naganori in 18th-century Japan who avenged Naganori s death by confronting his rival Kira Yoshinaka. Starring Keanu Reeves in the title role, Hiroyuki Sanada, Tadanobu Asano, Rinko Kikuchi and Ko Shibasaki, the film bears little resemblance to its historical basis compared to previous adaptations, and instead serves as a stylized interpretation set in a world of witches and giants.

Produced by H2F Entertainment, Mid Atlantic Films, Moving Picture Company, Stuber Productions and Relativity Media, 47 Ronin premiered in Japan on December 6, 2013 before being released by Universal Pictures on December 25, 2013 in the United States in both 3D and 2D. While the action sequences and visuals were praised, 47 Ronin received generally negative reviews from critics and grossed just $151 million against its production budget of $175–225 million, making it a costly box office bomb that left Universal in the red for 2013. Variety magazine listed 47 Ronin as one of Hollywood s biggest box office bombs of 2013 . Despite its critical and commercial failure, a sequel, Blade of the 47 Ronin, is set to be released in 2022.

Box Office Budget

$175,000,000 (estimated)

Box Office Opening Weekend USA


Box Office Gross USA


Box Office Cumulative Worldwide Gross