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Several television series and features were produced that were based on the Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games, developed by Sega.

Television series/specials

Series Season Episodes Originally aired Network
First aired Last aired
Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog 1 65 September 6, 1993 December 3, 1993 First-run syndication
Sonic the Hedgehog 1 13 September 18, 1993 December 11, 1993 ABC
2 13 September 10, 1994 December 3, 1994
Sonic Underground 1 40 August 31, 1999 October 22, 1999 BKN
Sonic X 1 26 April 6, 2003 September 28, 2003 TV Tokyo
Kids Station
2 26 October 5, 2003 March 28, 2004
3 26 September 10, 2005 May 6, 2006
Sonic Boom 1 52 November 8, 2014 November 14, 2015 Cartoon Network
2 52 October 29, 2016 November 18, 2017

Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog (1993–1996)

Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog was the first Sonic television series, produced by DiC Entertainment, Bohbot Entertainment and Fininvest, and airing in 1993; the series consisted of 65 episodes, most of which follow Sonic and Tails as they attempt to stop Doctor Robotnik s tyranny. At the end of every episode is a short PSA titled Sonic Says where Sonic teaches the audience a lesson.

The series has received mixed reviews, although the series has spawned several internet memes and is a major source in YouTube Poop material. Three years after the series completed its original run, a Christmas special titled Sonic Christmas Blast was aired in 1996; the special was originally intended to tie-in with Sonic X-treme, and was produced under the title X-tremely Sonic Christmas; however, its cancellation resulted in the special being rebranded as a tie-in to Sonic 3D Blast.

Sonic the Hedgehog (1993–1994)

The second of DiC s Sonic cartoons, Sonic the Hedgehog (more commonly known as Sonic SatAM) aired from September 26, 1993, to December 3, 1994, lasting two 13 episode seasons; considered one of the darker incarnations of Sonic, SatAM takes place in a time where Robotnik successfully took over Mobius, with Sonic and a team called the Freedom Fighters attempting to take back the planet.

Originally intended to last three seasons, Sonic the Hedgehog was cancelled after its second season, which left the show on a cliffhanger where Ixis Naugus would become the new antagonist; since its release, the series has become a cult classic, inspiring a video game titled Sonic Spinball and the Archie Comics series.

Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie (1996)

Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie, also known as simply Sonic the Hedgehog, is an original video animation (OVA) produced by Studio Pierrot and General Entertainment, and directed by Hazuzo Ikegami, with supervision from Sonic Team; in the OVA, Sonic and Tails head to Eggmanland to stop a generator from destroying Planet Freedom, only for Sonic to have his DNA copied into a doppelganger named Hyper Metal Sonic.

In Japan, the OVA was split into two parts, titled Return to Eggmanland and Sonic VS Metal Sonic!!, released on January 26 and March 22, 1996, respectively. The North American release, handled by ADV Films, was combined and released on September 7, 1999, with it being marketed as a film; the release coincided with the release of Sonic Adventure internationally.

The OVA was met with mixed reception; much of the criticism came from the English dub, which many saw as subpar.

Sonic Underground (1999)

The third and final DiC Sonic cartoon, Sonic Underground aired in 1999 and lasted only one season with 40 episodes; the series takes inspiration from the SatAM series, where a princess hedgehog Queen Aleena gives birth to three hedgehogs, Sonic, Sonia and Manic, on the same day as Robotnik s take over of Mobotropolis; Aleena separates her three children, who years later join a rebellion to take back the planet; every episode of the show includes a musical number near the end. The series was commissioned as a way to promote the Dreamcast.

Unlike the previous two series, Sonic Underground has been met with a generally negative reception from media critics for its confusing plot, although praise has been given to the series musical numbers. Originally, a conclusion for the series was planned to be included in issue #50 of the Sonic Universe comic; however, it was later replaced due to license issues.

Sonic X (2003–2005)

Sonic X is a Japanese anime created by TMS Entertainment under a partnership with Sega and Sonic Team. In the series, after an infiltration into Eggman s base goes wrong, Sonic and his friends are transported to a parallel world inhabited by humans where they met a 12-year-old boy named Christopher Thorndyke, who helps Sonic along with his friends to take on Eggman continuously while trying to retrieve all seven Chaos Emeralds so that they would return home. The series initially ran for two 26 episode seasons on TV Tokyo from April 6, 2003 to March 28, 2004.

Internationally, Sonic X was dubbed by 4Kids Entertainment and ran from September 6, 2003, to March 26, 2005; although the series suffered from low ratings in Japan, it was large success internationally, with 4Kids commissioning a third season of 26 episodes; season three, dubbed The Metarex Saga sees Sonic and his friends including Chris, and a new character introduced in the third season, a plant-like creature named Cosmo, traveling across planets to retrieve the Chaos Emeralds in order to stop an alien race called the Metarex. Season three was never released on DVD in Japan, nor was aired on television over there until 2020, although it was later made available via streaming services.

The series has received generally average reviews from critics, although the English dub was heavily criticised for its censorship and English voice acting. The voice actors who participated in the English dub would later replace the original English video game cast from Sonic Adventure to Sonic Advance 3.

Sonic Boom (2014–2017)

Sonic Boom is an American-French CGI animated series produced by OuiDo! Productions and distributed on Cartoon Network, Canal J and Gulli; the series takes place on an island called Bygone Island and has Sonic and his friends attempt to stop Dr. Eggman s plans; the series ran from November 8, 2014, to November 18, 2017, having two 52 episode seasons.

The television series is part of a larger spin-off also known as Sonic Boom; according to Takashi Iizuka, head of Sonic Team, Sonic Boom was designed to appeal to Western fans. The series also spans three video games (Rise of Lyric, Shattered Crystal and Fire & Ice), a comic book and a toyline by Tomy. The series was met with positive reviews.

As of May 21, 2020, it was confirmed by Bill Freiberger that there are no plans to continue the series.

Let s Meet Sonic (2019)

Let s Meet Sonic is a crossover special with Cartoon Network animated series OK K.O.! Let s Be Heroes. Announced at San Diego Comic-Con 2019, the special debuted on August 4th of that year as an episode of the show s third season.

Sonic Prime (2022–TBA)

Sonic Prime is an upcoming series co-produced by Sega, Netflix Animation, WildBrain and Man of Action Entertainment; it sees Sonic needing to travel across the multiverse, with themes of self-discovery and redemption. The series was officially announced on February 1, 2021, although its existence was accidentally leaked in December 2020 with a now-deleted Twitter post.

It is planned for release in Fall 2022, with 24 episodes in its first season. Deven Mack provides the vocals of Sonic the Hedgehog. Writer Duncan Rouleau stated shortly after the show s reveal that Sonic Prime will build on the existing Sonic universe established by SEGA instead of creating a new one; Sonic Team producer Takashi Iizuka later stated Sonic Prime takes place on the same settings seen in the games and will feature Modern Sonic. He followed up by stating unlike Sonic Boom, there are no plans to turn Sonic Prime into a video game.

Untitled Knuckles series (2023–TBA)

In February 2022, ViacomCBS (later renamed Paramount Global) announced that a television series centered around Knuckles the Echidna is in development, with it set for release in 2023 on Paramount+.


Attempts had been made as early as 1993 to get Sonic made into a film; the first of these was Sonic the Hedgehog: Wonders of the World, which was pitched to MGM in August 1994 and had Sonic coming into the real world of a kid named Josh, and fighting Eggman (Robotnik). The film would ve tied-in to the cancelled Sega Saturn game Sonic X-treme, and despite a positive internal reception, MGM would drop the project without warning. Writer Richard Jefferies suggests the film was dropped due to creative differences between Sega and Trilogy Entertainment Group, who were also producing the film.

Ben Hurst had also attempted to make Sonic the Hedgehog into a film, this time based on the aforementioned SatAM series; the project was dismissed after former comic series writer Ken Penders allegedly told a Sega representative that Hurst was attempting to co-opt the franchise. Penders proposed his own film titled Sonic Armageddon in September 2003, which would have incorporated elements from SatAM and the Archie Comics series, but was itself dropped in 2007 due to massive corporate upheaval, and the death of Sega license manager Robert Leffler. The original pitch video still exists, and was uploaded to YouTube in 2017.

Film U.S. release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producers Status
Sonic the Hedgehog February 14, 2020 Jeff Fowler Pat Casey and Josh Miller Neal H. Moritz, Toby Ascher, Toru Nakahara and Takeshi Ito Released
Sonic the Hedgehog 2 April 8, 2022 Pat Casey, Josh Miller and John Whittington Neal H. Moritz, Toby Ascher, Toru Nakahara and Hitoshi Okuno
Sonic the Hedgehog 3 December 20, 2024 TBA In development

Sonic the Hedgehog (2020)

Sonic the Hedgehog is an action-adventure comedy film directed by Jeff Fowler and written by Pat Casey and Josh Miller; in the film, Sonic is forced to abandon his home world and ends up on Earth, and eventually is forced to team up with a human named Tom Wachoski to stop Dr. Robotnik; it was originally released in theaters on February 14, 2020.

Originally intended for release in late-2019, Sonic the Hedgehog ended up being pushed back several months due to the overwhelmingly negative response to Sonic s design in the trailer; upon its release, the film was met with mixed reviews from critics, although it was a large commercial success, being the sixth-highest-grossing film in 2020.

Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (2022)

Sonic the Hedgehog 2 is an American action-adventure comedy film based on the video game franchise published by Sega. Directed by Jeff Fowler and written by Pat Casey, Josh Miller and John Whittington, it is the sequel to Sonic the Hedgehog (2020). Ben Schwartz reprises his role as the voice of Sonic the Hedgehog, alongside Jim Carrey as Dr. Robotnik, with James Marsden and Tika Sumpter in the roles of Tom and Maddie Wachowski, while Idris Elba joins the cast as Knuckles the Echidna. After the events of the first film, Sonic joins forces with Miles Tails Prower to stop Dr. Robotnik and Knuckles from finding a powerful emerald that has the power to build and destroy civilizations.

Sonic the Hedgehog 2 was released in the United States on April 8, 2022, by Paramount Pictures in association with Sega Sammy Group.

Sonic the Hedgehog 3 (2024)

In February 2022, Sega and Paramount confirmed that a third film is in development. On August 8, 2022, it was announced that the third film will be scheduled for release on December 20, 2024.

Box office performance

Film Year Box office gross revenue Box office ticket sales box office rankings Budget
US & Canada Other markets Worldwide Ref US & Canada Other markets Worldwide US & Canada Worldwide
Sonic the Hedgehog 2020 $148,974,665 $170,741,018 $319,715,683 15,876,790 25,201,814+ 41,078,604+ #406 #510
Sonic the Hedgehog 2 2022 $190,872,904 $211,000,000 $401,872,904 18,265,000 Un­known 18,265,000+ #248 #361 $90,000,000
Total $339,847,569 $381,741,018 $721,588,587 34,141,790 25,201,814+ 59,343,604+ $175,000,000

Web series

Sonic: Night of the Werehog (2008)

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2021)

Sonic: Night of the Werehog is the first web animation, released on November 21, 2008, and produced by Marza Animation Planet; it is based on the video game Sonic Unleashed and has Sonic and Chip enter a haunted house and being terrorised by two ghosts who constantly take pictures of scared visitors for a female ghost; it is the only 3D Sonic web animation, with Tyson Hesse working on future web projects.

Sonic Mania Adventures (2018)

Sonic Mania Adventures is the second web animation, initially released as five parts between March 31 and July 18, 2018, as a tie-in to Sonic Mania Plus; the series takes place shortly after the events of Sonic Forces to Classic Sonic, who arrives back in his world to find Eggman is once again attempting to find all the Chaos Emeralds. It was produced by Neko Productions and animated by Tyson Hesse, with supervision from Sega.

The series received generally favorable reviews from various critics, who praised the animation and writing. A bonus episode, starring Amy Rose, was released on December 21, 2018, a few months after its initial completion.

Team Sonic Racing Overdrive (2019)

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2021)

Team Sonic Racing Overdrive is the third web animation, released as a two-part series in March and April 2019. The miniseries takes place during the events of Team Sonic Racing.

Chao in Space (2019)

Chao in Space is the fourth web animation, released on December 13, 2019; in the short, a Chao dreams up the events of a fictional film titled Chao in Space (on which it endures a spaceship battle against a Dark Chao) as Sonic attempts to prevent the sleep walking Chao from injuring itself while Sonic s nemesis, Dr. Eggman, disguise himself as Santa Claus and try to steal Christmas presents. The animation is based on a gag from Sonic Adventure and Sonic Adventure 2, which both feature faux advertisements for Chao in Space and its sequel Chao in Space 2 s release on DVD.

Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps (2021)

Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps is the fifth web animation, released in Summer 2021 as a two-episode miniseries; the series takes place during the events of the 2010 video game Sonic Colors, where Sonic and Tails work to save the Wisps from being held captive and imprisoned by Sonic s robotic doppelganger, Metal Sonic, and Eggman s two henchmen, Orbot and Cubot. It was created as a tie-in to the remastered version Sonic Colors: Ultimate.

Sonic Frontiers Prologue (2022)

Sonic Frontiers Prologue is an upcoming web animation based on the events of Sonic Frontiers.

Year 2022
Plot Sonic in a high-octane adventure where the fate of a strange new multiverse rests in his gloved hands.
Stars Shannon Chan-Kent, Ashleigh Ball, Brian Drummond
Series Produced by Joe Casey,Joe Kelly,Duncan Rouleau,Steven T. Seagle
Series Music by Steffan Andrews,Mike Shields
Series Production Management Jason Bertsch,Matthew Burke,Wendy Berry Campbell,Jessie Carbonaro,John Colt,Andre de Oliviera Araujo,Alison Fedrick Donahue,Jannette Eng,Susan Erokan,Heather Field,Spencer Filichia,Jim Herbst,Cori Hansen Lamanno,Diana K. Lee,Robyn Mesher,Craig Rittenbaum,Jennifer Snyder,John Swan,Quamauri Turnbolt,Erik Vignau
Series Art Department Patrick Horan,Nicholas Kole,Pierre-Alexandre Comtois,Toni Laquilasse,Peter John Slavik,Airin Budiman,Yves Montagne
Series Sound Department Jeff Davis,Gregorio Gomez,David Green,Fanny Riguidel,Kathleen Shugrue
Series Visual Effects by Sean X. Chang,Penny Leyton,Gianni Aliotti,Benjamin Andersen,Patrick Angell,Jason Arold,Stephen Bailey,Ken Ball,Zsoka Barkacs,Jeffrey Bernstein,Dominic Bilodeau,Eli Bocek-Rivele,Nadja Bonacina,Liz Borges-Herzog,Chris Bradley,Kane Brassington,Sophie Burie,Joshua Caez,Kristopher Campbell,Craig Cannon,Kevin Carney,Mathieu Cassagne,Min-Yu Chang,Annie Chen,Michael Shiao Chen,David S. Cheng,Adam Chin,Jimmy Chin,Woojin Choi,Sebastien Chort,Cara Christeson,Matthew Clubb,Lisa Slates Connors,Simon Corbaux,Vincent Courbis-Poncet,Kevin Coyle,Kevin Coyle,Chanda Cummings,Christian Cunningham,Brian J. Danker,Tony Davis,Alain De Hoe,Mark A. Decker,Edward Deren,Nathaniel Dirksen,David Doepp,Katy Downey,Kirsten Drummond,Kevin Edwards,Monika Erande,Cassandra Fanning,Jon Farrell,Peter Farson,Antony Field,Aaron Florez,Jérôme Fournier,John Fuetsch,Adam Gaige,Mariana Galindo,Greg Gladstone,Philippe Gluckman,Dan Golembeski,Lee Graft,Caroleen Green,Alex Gurevich,Tony Halawa,Lei Han,Greg Hart,Pamela Hobbs,Robert Holder,Milana Huang,Joe Hughes,Yi-Wen Hung,Michael Scott Hutchinson,Katya Isichenko,Gregory Jennings,Patrick Jensen,Chris Jolly,Amy Rae Jones,Kaishin Kam,Carl Kaphan,Laurent Kermel,Oth Khotsimeuang,Hyun Seung Kim,Jung-hyun Kim,Michel Kinfoussia,Jennifer Leigh King,Robert Kopinsky,Patrick Ku,Stanley Kwong,John Lai,Josiah Larson,Fangwei Lee,Michael H. Lee,Min Hyung Lee,Olive Lin,Benjamin Lippert,Philip K. Livingston Jr.,Amber Stewart Lunderville,Jayanti Mahapatra,Mark Manfrey,Michael Wei Mao,Rodriguez Mathias,Steve McGrath,Timothy Bud McMahon,August Meredith,Samantha Michel,Tony Mitzelfelt,Lucia Modesto,Cristian Moras,Stephanie Mulqueen,Gaku Nakatani,Ronman Yiu Yan Ng,Brett Nystul,Stephan Osterburg,Toshiyasu Otsuka,Dave Otte,Cosku Ozdemir,Rupali Parekh,Alex Patanjo,Mary Payne,Jerome Platteaux,Sven Pohle,Joyce Powell,Pierre Prinzbach,Tsun-Hui Andrea Pun,Andrew Pungprakearti,Jason Rickwald,Damon Riesberg,Frank Ritlop,Eli Rod,Krzysztof Rost,Eric Roth,Frank Sabia Jr.,Violette Sacre,Hayyim Sanchez,Sheldon Serrao,Hannah Sherman,Hyun Jeong Shin,Jon Shin,Daveed Shwartz,Stephanie Siebert,Scott Singer,Geri Smith,Joon Soo Song,Jung Jin Song,Young Song,Bill Stahl,Dug Stanat,Jessi Stumpfel,Ka Yaw Tan,Frederic Tarabout,Amy Taylor,Patrick Taylor,Matthew Territo,Stuart Tett,Jazz Tigan,Baptiste Van Opstal,Carrie VanEtten,Robert Vogt,John Wake,David Walden,Dick Walsh,Jason Waltman,Liang-Yuan Wang,Joshua West,Gabriel White,Lori Williams,David D. Wilson,Ting Ting Wu,Gentaro Yamamoto,Ken Yao,Emily Yi,Ji Hyun Yoon,Alfred Young,Melva Young,Alon Zaslavsky,Guido Zimmermann
Series Animation Department Rachel Charman,J.C. Alvarez,Manuel Aparicio,Chris Bancroft,Mark Behm,Michael Bernstein,David Juan Bianchi,James Bird,Julien Bocabeille,Theophile Bondoux,Patrick Bonneau,Ludovic Bouancheau,John Braunreuther,Bailey Brent,James Buckhouse,Daniel Bunn,Donald Campbell,Guillermo Careaga,Chung Chan,Kenny Chang,Katrina Conwright,Melanie Cordan,David Couchariere,Denis Couchon,Robert Crawford,Cassidy Curtis,Lou Dellarosa,Mark Donald,Adam Dotson,Matt Eskew,Alexander Fleisig,Emile Ghorayeb,Sue Gleadhill,Ryan Gong,Shaun Graham,Tomoyuki Harashima,Todd Heapy,John Hill,Anthony Hodgson,David Pez Hofmann,Pamela Hu,James Hull,Geoffrey Jarrett,Jeffrey Joe,Ewan Johnson,Fadi Basem Kandah,Heather Knight,Scott Lafleur,Eric Lessard,Conan Low,Sean Mahoney,Max Maleo,Bryce McGovern,David Murphy,Rani Naamani,Julie Nelson,Brian Newlin,David Nix,Justin Onstine,Ron Pucherelli,Carlos Fernandez Puertolas,David Rader,Keith Reicher,Brian Riley,Mark Roennigke,Cory Rogers,Carlos Rosas,Ben Rush,Jason Schleifer,Matthew Schmidt,Kevan Shorey,Jason Spencer Galsworthy,David Spivack,Dane Stogner,Eunjin Suh,Philip To,Theodore Ty,Pete Upson,David Patrick Valera,Kaye Vassey,Don Venhaus,Heather Davis Wang,Alexis Wanneroy,Shane L. Wapskineh,Rhiannon Leffanta Wilhelmi,Ryan Williams,Nara Youn
Series Additional Crew Kathleen Shugrue
Genres Animation, Action, Adventure
Companies Flixzilla Aura, Man of Action Entertainment, Netflix Animation
Countries USA, Canada, Japan
Languages English, French, Japanese
ContentRating TV-Y7
Keywords based on video game,sega,sonic the hedgehog,hedgehog,island