The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
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The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King is a 2003 epic fantasy adventure film directed by Peter Jackson from a screenplay by Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Jackson, based on 1955 s The Return of the King, the third volume of the novel The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien. The sequel to 2002 s The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, the film is the final installment in The Lord of the Rings trilogy. It features an ensemble cast including Elijah Wood, Ian McKellen, Liv Tyler, Viggo Mortensen, Sean Astin, Cate Blanchett, John Rhys-Davies, Bernard Hill, Billy Boyd, Dominic Monaghan, Orlando Bloom, Hugo Weaving, Miranda Otto, David Wenham, Karl Urban, John Noble, Andy Serkis, Ian Holm, and Sean Bean.

Continuing the plot of the previous film, Frodo, Sam and Gollum are making their final way toward Mount Doom in Mordor in order to destroy the One Ring, unaware of Gollum s true intentions, while Merry, Pippin, Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli and the rest are joining forces together against Sauron and his legions in Minas Tirith. The Return of the King was financed and distributed by American studio New Line Cinema, but filmed and edited entirely in Jackson s native New Zealand, concurrently with the other two parts of the trilogy. It premiered on 1 December 2003 at the Embassy Theatre in Wellington and was theatrically released on 17 December 2003 in the United States, and on 18 December 2003 in New Zealand.

The film was acclaimed by both critics and audiences, who considered it to be a landmark in filmmaking and the fantasy film genre, with praise for the visual effects, performances, action sequences, direction, screenplay, musical score, costume design and emotional depth. It grossed over $1.1 billion worldwide, making it the highest-grossing film of 2003 and the second highest-grossing film of all time at the time of its release, as well as the highest-grossing film released by New Line Cinema.

Like the other films in the trilogy, The Return of the King is widely recognized as one of the greatest and most influential films ever made. The film received numerous accolades; at the 76th Academy Awards, it won all eleven awards for which it was nominated, including Best Picture, tying with 1959 s Ben-Hur and 1997 s Titanic as the movie with the most Academy Award wins. It also became the second film series whose entries have all won Best Visual Effects, after the original Star Wars trilogy.


The hobbit Sméagol is fishing with his cousin Déagol, who discovers the One Ring in the river. Sméagol s mind is ensnared by the Ring, and he kills his cousin for it. Increasingly corrupted physically and mentally, he retreats into the Misty Mountains and becomes known as Gollum.

Centuries later, during the War of the Ring, Gandalf leads Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, and King Théoden of Rohan to Isengard, where they reunite with Merry and Pippin. Gandalf retrieves Saruman s palantír, and the group returns to Edoras to celebrate their victory at Helm s Deep. Pippin looks into the palantír, seeing Sauron and a burning tree. Gandalf deduces that the enemy plans to attack Gondor s capital Minas Tirith; he rides there to warn Gondor s steward Denethor. Pippin, who accompanies him, swears fealty to Denethor, whose now-dead heir Boromir had saved his life; on Gandalf s instruction, he triggers the lighting of the beacons, which call for help from Rohan.

Frodo, who carries the Ring, and Sam continue their journey towards Mordor, unaware that Gollum, now their guide, plans to betray them and take the Ring for himself. The trio witness the Witch-king of Angmar, lord of the nine Nazgûl, setting off towards Gondor with his army of Orcs. Gollum conspires to frame Sam for eating food supplies and desiring the Ring; influenced by the growing power of the Ring, Frodo is taken in by the deception, and orders Sam to go home. Gollum then tricks Frodo into venturing into the lair of the giant spider Shelob. Frodo narrowly escapes and confronts Gollum, who falls down a chasm after a scuffle. Shelob discovers, paralyzes, and binds Frodo, but is wounded and driven away by a returning Sam, who, mourning Frodo s apparent death, takes the Ring. Sam realizes his mistake when a group of Orcs takes Frodo captive, but manages to rescue Frodo as the Orcs fight among themselves. Now inside Mordor, the hobbits continue towards Mount Doom, their destination.

As King Théoden gathers his army, Elrond tells Aragorn that Arwen is dying, having refused to leave Middle-earth. Elrond gives Aragorn Andúril, reforged from the shards of King Elendil s sword Narsil, and urges him to commit to claiming Gondor s throne, to which he is heir. Joined by Legolas and Gimli, Aragorn travels the Paths of the Dead, and pledges to release the ghosts there from their curse should they come to Gondor s aid. Meanwhile, Faramir, who was earlier overwhelmed and driven back to Minas Tirith by the Witch-king, is gravely wounded in a suicide charge; believing his son to be dead, Denethor falls into madness. Gandalf marshals the defenders, but the huge Orc army breaks into the city. Denethor attempts to burn himself and Faramir on a pyre, but Pippin alerts Gandalf and they rescue Faramir. Denethor, set ablaze and in agony, jumps to his death.

Théoden arrives and leads his army against the Orcs. Despite initial success against Orcs in the ensuing battle, they are decimated by the Oliphaunt-riding Haradrim and the Witch-king mortally wounds Théoden; however, his niece Éowyn slays the Witch-king with Merry s help. Théoden dies in his niece s arms. Aragorn then arrives with his Army of the Dead, who overcome Sauron s forces and win the battle. Their oath fulfilled, the Dead are released from their curse. Aragorn decides to march on Mordor to distract Sauron from Frodo, now extremely weak, and Sam; all of Sauron s remaining forces march to meet Aragorn s diversion, allowing the hobbits to reach Mount Doom. Gollum, who survived his earlier fall, attacks them, but Frodo still manages to enter the mountain. There, he succumbs to the Ring s power, putting it on his finger, but Gollum manages to bite off his finger and reclaim it. They struggle together and both fall off the ledge. Frodo manages to cling on, and is pulled up by Sam, but Gollum falls and dies; the Ring, which fell with him, disintegrates in the lava. Mount Doom erupts as Sauron meets his demise, while Aragorn s army emerges victorious as its enemies flee.

Gandalf rescues the hobbits with the help of eagles, and the surviving Fellowship is happily reunited in Minas Tirith. Aragorn is crowned King of Gondor and marries Arwen. The Hobbits return home to the Shire, where Sam marries Rosie Cotton. A few years later, Frodo who is still suffering inside and outside, departs Middle-earth for the Undying Lands with his uncle Bilbo, Gandalf, and the Elves. He leaves Sam the Red Book of Westmarch, which details their adventures. Sam returns to the Shire, where he embraces Rosie and their children.


Like the preceding films in the trilogy, The Return of the King has an ensemble cast, and some of the cast and their respective characters include:

  • Elijah Wood as Frodo Baggins: A young hobbit who continues his quest to destroy the Ring, which continues to torture him.
  • Ian McKellen as Gandalf the White: An Istari wizard who travels to aid the Men of Gondor, acting as a general at the Siege of Gondor.
  • Viggo Mortensen as Aragorn Elessar: A Dúnedain ranger who must finally face his destiny as King of Gondor.
  • Sean Astin as Samwise Gamgee: Better known as Sam, Frodo s loyal hobbit gardener and companion.
  • Andy Serkis as Sméagol Trahald / Gollum: A wretched and treacherous creature who was once one of the river-folk (an extinct race of hobbits) and now guides Frodo and Sam into Mordor. The first scene in the film portrays him in his former life as Sméagol, his murder of his relative Déagol for possession of the Ring, as well as his degeneration into Gollum.
  • Billy Boyd as Peregrin Took: Better known as Pippin, a hobbit who looks into the palantír and later becomes an esquire of Gondor.
  • Dominic Monaghan as Meriadoc Brandybuck: Better known as Merry, a cousin of Frodo s who becomes an esquire of Rohan.
  • John Rhys-Davies as Gimli: A dwarf warrior and companion to Aragorn along with Legolas. Rhys-Davies also voices Treebeard: The ent leader.
  • Rhys-Davies also voices Treebeard: The ent leader.
  • Orlando Bloom as Legolas Greenleaf: An elven prince of Mirkwood and skilled archer who aids Aragorn in his quest to reclaim the throne.
  • Bernard Hill as Théoden: The King of Rohan who, after triumphing at Helm s Deep, is preparing his troops for the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
  • Miranda Otto as Éowyn: Théoden s niece, who wishes to prove herself in battle and starts to fall in love with Aragorn, who does not return her love. In the extended cut of the film, she finds love with Faramir when they are both residing in the Houses of Healing.
  • David Wenham as Faramir: A son of the Stewards of Gondor and head of the Gondorian Rangers defending Osgiliath, who seeks his father s love in vain.
  • Karl Urban as Éomer: Éowyn s brother, who serves as Chief Marshal of the Riders of Rohan and heir to his uncle s throne.
  • Hugo Weaving as Elrond: The Elven-King of Rivendell who must convince Aragorn to take up the throne.
  • Liv Tyler as Arwen Undómiel: Elrond s daughter and Aragorn s true love, who gives up her immortal life for Aragorn.
  • Cate Blanchett as Galadriel: The Elven-Queen of Lothlórien who is aware the time of the elves is at an end.
  • John Noble as Denethor: The Steward of Gondor and father of Faramir and Boromir, whose grief over Boromir s death and despair over Mordor s superior numbers drive him into madness during the Siege of Gondor.
  • Ian Holm as Bilbo Baggins: Frodo s elderly uncle, who has rapidly aged after giving away the Ring.
  • Sean Bean as Boromir: Faramir s brother and a fallen companion of Aragorn, who appears in a flashback of his death at the end of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring and in the extended cut when his father has a hallucination.
  • Marton Csokas as Celeborn the Wise: The Elven-King of Lothlórien.
  • Lawrence Makoare as the Witch-king of Angmar: The lord of the Nazgûl, who leads Mordor s assault on Minas Tirith. Makoare also plays Gothmog: An Orc commander, who is voiced by Craig Parker.
  • Makoare also plays Gothmog: An Orc commander, who is voiced by Craig Parker.
  • Thomas Robins as Déagol Nahald: Sméagol s cousin, who is killed by Sméagol, when the former finds the One Ring in the river they are fishing in.
  • Christopher Lee as Saruman the White: An Istari wizard, formerly the head of the Istari Order and its White Council, who is now trapped by Treebeard until he is killed by his own servant, Gríma.
  • Brad Dourif as Gríma Wormtongue: Saruman s sycophantic, treacherous servant, who is shot by Legolas after stabbing his own master.
  • Bruce Spence as the Mouth of Sauron: Sauron s ambassador at the Black Gate.

There are cameos from Peter Jackson, Richard Taylor, Gino Acevedo, Rick Porras and Andrew Lesnie on the Corsair ship, although all of them but Jackson appear only in the Extended Edition. Jackson also has another unofficial cameo, as Sam s hand stepping into view when he confronts Shelob. Sean Astin s daughter played Sam and Rosie s older daughter Elanor in the last scene of the film; in the same scene, Sarah McLeod s daughter plays their younger son. Jackson s children also cameo as Gondorian extras, while Christian Rivers played a Gondorian soldier guarding the Beacon Pippin lights, and is later seen wounded. Royd Tolkien cameos as a Ranger in Osgiliath, while in the Extended Edition Howard Shore appears as a celebrating soldier at Edoras. Additionally, four of the designers of The Lord of the Rings Strategy Battle Game are featured as Rohirrim at the Pelennor. At the end of the film, during the closing credits, each cast member gets a sketched portrait morphed with the real photograph beside their name, which were sketched by Alan Lee, an idea suggested by Ian McKellen.

Comparison with the source material

As with all of Peter Jackson s movie adaptions of The Lord of the Rings, many events, timelines, and geographic distances are compressed or simplified. Most major events from the books are included, leaving only a few events from the novel omitted from the film; there are, however, some events in the film significantly altered from the novels. There are some events seen only in the film and there are certain details in the film not found in the books.

The film version of The Return of the King contains major scenes that occurred in the middle portion of the novel The Two Towers but were not included in the film version, such as the attack by Shelob and the palantír subplot, owing to Jackson s realigning events of the film to fit the timeline as described in the book s Appendices, rather than the main prose. However, the plot of the second half of Book III is either completely omitted (chapter The Road to Isengard ) or only shown in one scene (chapter The Voice of Saruman ). Saruman s murder by Gríma (seen only in the Extended Edition) is moved into the Isengard visit because of the cutting of the Scouring of the Shire. In the film, Grima is killed by Legolas, while in the book, he is killed by Hobbits. In the film, Saruman drops the palantír when he is fatally attacked, whereas in the book Gríma throws it at the Fellowship, unaware of its value.

In the film, all journeys of the companions from Isengard to Minas Tirith are compressed and simplified, as the entire company travels from Isengard to Edoras and arrives there simultaneously to recuperate after the Battle of Helm s Deep. Pippin s looking into the palantír happens in Edoras, and he and Gandalf leave for Minas Tirith from there, but in the book, this takes place at Dol Baran with the appearance of a Nazgûl on a winged steed, and they stay at Edoras only one night. In contrast to the film, Aragorn and Théoden march from Dol Baran to Helm s Deep to take a night s rest. It is in the Hornburg where Aragorn looks into the palantír (as opposed to the film s Extended Edition, in which he does so much later in Minas Tirith after the Battle of the Pelennor Fields) and decides to take the Paths of the Dead. In the film, Aragorn and Theóden depart not before their encampment at Dunharrow, but in the book, Aragorn and the Dúnedain (which are absent in the film) ride from Helm s Deep over the fields to Edoras and then to Dunharrow and the Dimholt, whereas in the book, Théoden takes slower mountain paths and arrives in Dunharrow after Aragorn and his companions have already left. Théoden is seen to set out directly from Dunharrow to Minas Tirith, omitting his brief return to Edoras from Dunharrow to muster all remaining forces there, as told in the book.

The sequence of the Paths of the Dead adds a conversation between Aragorn and the King of the Dead (in the book the Dead don t speak at all) and a scene where the companions must flee an avalanche of skulls, but leaves out the encounter with Baldor s skeleton. In contrast to the book, the viewer doesn t get told what happened in Lebennin between Aragorn and the Corsairs of Umbar. The film version (Extended Edition) doesn t correspond with the map of Gondor, as the company sees a near river with Corsair ships immediately after leaving the Haunted Mountain. In the book, the River Anduin lies several hundred miles farther east, requiring a much longer journey with the Army of the Dead following behind, bringing terror to the towns they pass along the way.

The basis of Elrond and Arwen s subplot arguing about Arwen s fate is derived from the Appendices, but it is largely extended in the film, as is Arwen and Elrond s relevance to the story.

Denethor, the Steward of Gondor, was a more tragic character in the book. In the film, overwhelming grief over the death of Boromir has driven him to despair, and he has given up any hope of defeating Sauron before Gandalf arrives in Minas Tirith. Thus, the muster of Gondor is absent from the film, and major captains and generals (including Imrahil of the Tower Guard and the Knights of Dol Amroth) are not present. In the book, he has already ordered the lighting of the beacons before Gandalf s arrival, while he refuses to light them in the film, and the sequence where Pippin secretly lights them himself was invented for the movie. The film only hints at Denethor s use of the palantír which drives him mad, information revealed in the Pyre scene, which includes Shadowfax and is more violent than the book. Aware of the very long distance between Rath Dínen and the front of the out-thrust battlement, Jackson has Denethor jump off the Citadel in addition to burning himself on the Pyre, one of the earliest changes.

The Rammas Echor which encircles the Pelennor Fields isn t shown in the film, and the fields themselves are empty grassland in the films, instead of being rich farmland dotted with small villages in the book.

The Battle of the Pelennor Fields is also altered: though Faramir goes on a suicide mission, the conflict is a simplification of the siege of Osgiliath. With generals such as Forlong and Imrahil absent, Gandalf commands the defence of Minas Tirith owing to Denethor s despair. While Denethor gives command to Gandalf in the book, in this film Gandalf forcibly takes control after Denethor tells his men to flee rather than fight. The Orcs and Trolls also never get into the city in the book. The Witch-king enters and stands off against Gandalf before the Rohirrim arrive, but in the film Orcs invade the city after Grond breaks the Gate. The confrontation takes place while Gandalf journeys to save Faramir, during which Gandalf has his staff broken in the film (but not in the book).

A subplot in which the Rohirrim are aided by the primitive Drúedain during their journey to the besieged Gondor is excised from the film. The Red Arrow brought by a messenger from Gondor to ask for aid is absent. Éowyn s presence on the battlefield is unknown to the reader until she takes off her helmet, but in the film the audience is aware, as it would have been difficult to have Miranda Otto playing a man. When hope seems lost, Gandalf comforts Pippin with a description of the Undying Lands, which is a descriptive passage in the book s final chapter. The film depicts the Army of the Dead fighting in the Battle, whereas in the book they are released from service prior to this, after helping Aragorn defeat the Corsairs of Umbar at the port city of Pelargir in Lebennin; Aragorn s reinforcements are merely more Gondorians, and the Dúnedain, Aragorn s people (the rangers of the North). An unstoppable and invulnerable force, the Dead wipe out Sauron s forces. The film also cuts out several supporting characters, such as Halbarad, a friend of Aragorn s, who helps lead the Dúnedain, Beregond, a member of the Citadel Guard of Gondor, whom Pippin befriends, and Elladan and Elrohir, the twin sons of Elrond who deliver Aragorn s banner and accompany him to the Pelennor Fields. Elladan and Elrohir are replaced by Elrond in the film, instead delivering Andúril in Dunharrow, and then returning to Rivendell. In the books Aragorn isn t doubtful about his destiny, but had already decided to claim the throne of Gondor from the beginning of the Quest; thus, it was he who had the shards of Narsil forged to Andúril in Rivendell, carrying it from there on the whole journey.

The film also altered the circumstances of Théoden s death; his death speech, in which he names Éomer the new king in the book, is trimmed and delivered to Éowyn instead of Merry, with an earlier scene in the Extended Edition even implying that Éowyn is next in line for the throne. Théoden s rallying speech ( To death! ) before the initial charge in the film are spoken by Éomer in the book when he believes that both Théoden and Éowyn have been killed in combat with the Witch King.

The Extended Edition presents shortened scenes from the book s chapters in the Houses of Healing: The Warden, the talk of Athelas, the comical conversation with the herb-master, the woman Ioreth and her saying about a King s healing hands and the subsequent realizing of Aragorn s true identity are left out altogether.

In the film, Aragorn leads the entire remaining force of Rohan and Gondor s men to the Black Gate without incident. In the book, tactics are discussed, forces divide and fight smaller skirmishes in Anórien and Ithilien before the army (only a fraction of the full remaining strength of the nations of men) reach the Morannon. The romance that develops between Éowyn and Faramir during their recoveries in the Houses of Healing is also largely cut, presumably to keep the focus on Aragorn and Arwen; the subplot is only briefly referenced in the Extended Edition with a scene where the two hold hands.

Sam and Frodo s major rift in their friendship, due to Gollum s machinations, never takes place in the book, but was added by the writers in believing that it added drama and more complexity to the character of Frodo. Frodo enters Shelob s lair alone in the film, whereas in the book he and Sam entered together. This was done to make the scene more horrific with Frodo being alone, and Sam s rescue at the last minute more dramatic. Frodo s ordeal in the Tower of Cirith Ungol and subsequent rescue by Sam are also changed; in the book, Frodo is stripped, beaten, and cruelly interrogated by the Orcs, while in the film, he is tied up but only briefly threatened by an Orc moments before Sam s arrival. The reunion of Frodo and Sam in the film is also shorter and less emotional than in the book; rather than comforting the physically injured and severely traumatized Frodo as in the book, Sam, after killing the Orc that was threatening Frodo but had not struck him, briefly accepts his apology for having doubted him and returns the Ring to him before suggesting that they find some Orc clothing for Frodo to wear. In the film, Sam also does not experience delusions of grandeur about what he could do if he took the Ring for himself, like he does in the book. Sam instead overcomes a very brief moment of temptation which, instead of stemming from thoughts of how he could use the Ring for himself, seems to come from his concern for Frodo and wish to reduce the Ring s harm to his friend by sharing the burden. Also, in the film viewers do not know that Sam has the Ring until he gives it back to Frodo, whereas in the book the reader knows that Sam has the Ring. When Sam and Frodo are diverted into the Orc march in Mordor and are about to collapse, in the film s Extended Edition they start a fake combat between each other and thus provoke some chaos during which they manage to escape, instead of slipping off during a congestion caused by several armies trying to get through the narrow Isenmouthe, as told in the novel.

Gollum s fall into the lava of Mount Doom was also rewritten for the film, as the writers felt Tolkien s original idea (Gollum simply slips and falls off) was anti-climactic. Originally, an even greater deviation was planned: Frodo would heroically push Gollum over the ledge to destroy him and the Ring, but the production team eventually realized that it looked more like Frodo murdering Gollum. As a result, they had Frodo and Gollum struggle for possession of the Ring and both slip over the edge by accident.

In addition to the absent footage from the film are the other major attacks by Sauron on various regions of Middle-earth, referenced only briefly in the main text of The Return of the King, and expanded upon in the Appendices; the invasion of Rohan by the Orcs of Moria, the attacks on Lothlórien and the Woodland Realm of Thranduil by the forces of Dol Guldur, and the attack on Dale and the Lonely Mountain by a force of Easterlings. These events are hinted at in a comment by Legolas (also in the book) that the other peoples of Middle Earth are unlikely to ride to war in Gondor because war has already arrived in their own lands.

There are several changes in the Battle of the Black Gate: Merry is not present there in the book, Pippin does not kill a troll as he does in the novel (instead, Aragorn fights one), the eagles fight and defeat some of the mounted Nazgûl (while Frodo putting on the One Ring distracted the Nazgûl, who raced away to Mount Doom in the book before a confrontation could occur), and Aragorn kills the Mouth of Sauron in the extended edition of the film but not in the book. There was an even larger change planned: Sauron himself would come out in physical form to battle Aragorn, who would only be saved by the destruction of the Ring. Jackson eventually realized it ignored the point of Aragorn s true bravery in distracting Sauron s army against overwhelming odds, and a computer generated Troll was placed over footage of Sauron in the finished film. In the book, after the destruction of the Ring the spirit of Sauron rises like a black cloud from the ruin of Barad-dûr before being blown away by the wind, but in the film the Eye of Sauron erupts in flame and then explodes as Barad-dûr collapses. As in all of Jackson s Middle-earth adaptions, the eagles do not speak.

During the Battle for Minas Tirith, the White Tree of Gondor is shown to bear one white blossom, thus blooming by itself at Aragorn s coronation. Thereby the film ignores the book s story where Gandalf and Aragorn find a seedling of the White Tree up in the mountains and plant it in the courtyard in place of the still-dead tree.

Although the film runs for another approximately 20 minutes after the climactic Downfall of Barad-dûr, many following events from the book are omitted or significantly altered in the film. Aragorn s coronation takes place in form of a great ceremony in the Citadel of Minas Tirith, opposed to the book, where Aragorn is crowned in his tent on the Pelennor Fields before entering the city. Omitted entirely are the camp at the Field of Cormallen, Aragorn s business in Minas Tirith, Aragorn and Arwen s wedding, Galadriel and Celeborn being present at the ceremonies and their subsequent travelling along with the company, Théoden s funeral at Edoras, the complete journey back to the Shire with stops at Rivendell and Bree, and the Scouring of the Shire, which was always seen by the screenwriters as anticlimactic.

Since Saruman is killed long before, after the battle at Helm s Deep in the film, he is unable to exact revenge on Frodo and the hobbits by ruining the Shire as depicted in the books. In the film, the Shire is virtually unchanged when they return, and their friends and neighbours seem unaware of the climactic events that have taken place outside of their borders. Thus, the esteem earned by Merry and Pippin at the Battle of Bywater and the work to restore the Shire using Galadriel s gift don t appear in the film.

At the end of the book, Frodo and Sam leave the Shire alone, meet Galadriel, Elrond and Bilbo along the way at the Woody End, and meet Gandalf at the Grey Havens, with Merry and Pippin arriving just in time to say their farewells and accompany Sam back to Bag End. In the film, however, all of the Hobbits travel with Gandalf to the Havens to find the Elves waiting there, including Celeborn, who remains in Middle-earth in the book. When Sam returns to the Shire, he isn t shown to live in Bag End (where he dwells with Rose in the book), but in a different Hobbit-hole of his own.


The Lord of the Rings series was the first time whose three separate entries were written and shot simultaneously (excluding pick up shoots). Jackson found The Return of the King the easiest of the films to make, because it contained the climax of the story. The Return of the King was originally the second of two planned films under Miramax from January 1997 to August 1998, and more or less in its finished structure as the first film was to end with The Two Towers Battle of Helm s Deep. Filming took place under multiple units across New Zealand, between 11 October 1999 and 22 December 2000, with pick up shoots for six weeks in 2003 before the film s release.


Middle-earth as envisioned by Jackson was primarily designed by Alan Lee and John Howe, former Tolkien illustrators, and created by Weta Workshop, who handled all the trilogy s weapons, armour, miniatures, prosthetics, and creatures, as well as the Art Department which built the sets. Richard Taylor headed Weta, while Grant Major and Dan Hennah organized the planning and building respectively.

The city of Minas Tirith, glimpsed briefly in both the previous two films, is seen fully in this film, and with it the Gondorian civilization. The enormous soundstage was built at Dry Creek Quarry, outside Wellington, from the Helm s Deep set. That set s gate became Minas Tirith s second, while the Hornburg exterior became that of the Extended Edition s scene where Gandalf confronts the Witch-king. New structures included the 8m tall Gate, with broken and unbroken versions, with a working opening and closing mechanism, with its engravings inspired by the Baptistry of San Giovanni. There were also four levels of streets with heraldic motifs for every house, as inspired by Siena.

There was also the Citadel, the exterior of which was in the Stone Street Studios backlot, using forced perspective. It contains the withered White Tree, built from polystyrene by Brian Massey and the Greens Department with real branches, influenced by ancient and gnarled Lebanese olive trees. The interior was within a three-story former factory in Wellington, and colourwise is influenced by Charlemagne s Chapel, with a throne for Denethor carved from stone and polystyrene statues of past kings. The Gondorian armour is designed to represent an evolution from the Númenóreans of the first film s prologue, with a simplified sea bird motif. 16th-century Italian and German armour served as inspiration, while civilians wear silver and blacks as designed by Ngila Dickson, continuing an ancient/medieval Mediterranean Basin look.

Minas Morgul, the Staircase and Tower of Cirith Ungol as well as Shelob s Lair were designed by Howe, with the Morgul road using forced perspective into a bluescreened miniature. Howe s design of Minas Morgul was inspired from the experience of having a wisdom tooth pulled out: in the same way, the Orcs have put their twisted designs on to a former Gondorian city. Cirith Ungol was based on Tolkien s design, but when Richard Taylor felt it as boring , it was redesigned with more tipping angles. The interior set, like Minas Tirith, was built as a few multiple levels that numerous camera takes would suggest a larger structure.

The third film introduces the enormous spider Shelob. Shelob was designed in 1999, with the body based on a tunnelweb spider and the head with numerous growths selected by Peter Jackson s children from one of many sculpts. Jackson himself took great joy in planning the sequence, being an arachnophobe himself. Shelob s Lair was inspired by sandstone and sculpted from the existing Caverns of Isengard set.

The Return of the King also brings into focus the Dead Men of Dunharrow and the evil Haradrim from the south of Middle-earth, men who ride the mûmakil. The Dead Men have a Celtic influence, as well as lines and symmetry to reflect their morbid state, while their underground city is influenced by Petra. The Haradrim were highly influenced by African culture, until Philippa Boyens expressed concern over the possibility of offensiveness, so the finished characters instead bear influence from Kiribati, in terms of weaving armour from bamboo, and the Aztecs, in use of jewellery. Also built was a single dead mûmak. Other minor cultures include the Corsairs, with an exotic, swarthy look, and the Grey Havens, Elven structures adapted to stone, with influence from J. M. W. Turner paintings.

Principal photography

The Return of the King was shot during 2000, though Astin s coverage from Gollum s attempt to separate Frodo and Sam was filmed on 24 November 1999, when floods in Queenstown interrupted the focus on The Fellowship of the Ring. Some of the earliest scenes shot for the film were in fact shot last. Hobbiton, home of the Hobbits, was shot in January 2000 with early scenes from The Fellowship of the Ring, with the exterior shot at a Matamata farm, while interior scenes were shot at Stone Street Studios in Wellington, shared with the Grey Havens sequence. Due to the high emotions of filming the scene, the cast were in despair when they were required to shoot it three times, due to a continuity flaw in Sean Astin s costume, and then negatives producing out-of-focus reels. Also shared with the previous films was the Rivendell interior in May.

The Battle of the Black Gate was filmed in April at the Rangipo Desert, a former minefield. New Zealand soldiers were hired as extras while guides were on the lookout for unexploded mines. Also a cause for concern were Monaghan and Boyd s scale doubles during a charge sequence. In the meantime, Wood, Astin and Serkis filmed at Mount Ruapehu for the Mount Doom exteriors. In particular, they spent two hours shooting Sam lifting Frodo on to his back with cross-camera coverage.

Scenes shot in June were the Paths of the Dead across various locations, including Putangirua Pinnacles. In July the crew shot some Shelob scenes, and in August and September time was spent on the scenes in Isengard. Monaghan and Boyd tried numerous takes of their entrance, stressing the word weed as they smoked pipe-weed. Christopher Lee spent his part of his scene mostly alone, though McKellen and Hill arrived on the first day for a few lines to help.

Edoras exteriors were shot in October. The Ride of the Rohirrim, where Théoden leads the charge into the Orc army, was filmed in Twizel with 150 extras on horseback. The Battle of the Pelennor Fields has more extensive use of computer-generated imagery, in contrast to the more extensive use of live action in the Battle of Helm s Deep in the second film. Also filmed were the attempts by Faramir to recapture Osgiliath, as were scenes in the city itself. At this point production was very hectic, with Jackson moving around ten units per day, and production finally wrapped on the Minas Tirith sets, as well as second units shooting parts of the siege. Just as the Hobbit actors first scene was hiding from a Ringwraith under a tree, their last scene was the bluescreened reaction shot of the inhabitants of Minas Tirith bowing to them.


The 2003 pick-ups were filmed in the Wellington studio car park, with many parts of sets and blue-screens used to finish off scenes, which the design team had to work 24 hours to get the right sets ready for a particular day. The shoot continued for two months, and became an emotional time of farewells for the cast and crew. The film has the most extensive list of re-shoots given for the trilogy. Jackson took his time to re-shoot Aragorn s coronation, rushed into a single day under second unit director Geoff Murphy on 21 December 2000. Jackson also re-shot scenes in and around Mount Doom, and Théoden s death, right after Bernard Hill was meant to wrap.

There was also the new character of Gothmog. This was a major new design addition for the film, as Jackson felt the Mordor Orcs were pathetic compared to the Uruk-hai of the second film after watching assembly cuts, and thus Weta Workshop created grotesque new über Orcs as antagonists for the audience to focus on. Christian Rivers also redesigned the Witch-king and all of his scenes were re-shot, because of confusion from non-readers over whether or not Sauron was on the battlefield.

With the positive response to Bloom, Legolas was given a fight with a mûmak, and Howard Shore also appeared in a cameo during Legolas and Gimli s drinking game at Edoras. The final scenes shot were Aragorn escaping the Skull avalanche, and Frodo finishing his book. The cast also received various props associated with their characters, although John Rhys-Davies burned his final Gimli prosthetic. Viggo Mortensen headbutted the stunt team goodbye. Pick-ups ended on 27 June 2003.

Scenes shot afterwards included various live-action shots of Riders for the Battle of the Pelennor Fields and a reaction shot of Serkis as Gollum finally realizes Frodo intends to destroy the Ring, shot in Jackson s house. For the Extended DVD, in March 2004 Jackson created a few shots of skulls rolling over for the avalanche scene; this was the final piece of footage ever shot for the trilogy, and Jackson noted that it must be the first time a director had shot scenes for a film after it had already won the Oscar.


Post-production began in November 2002, with the completion of the 4½ hour assembly cut of the film that Annie Collins had been completing over 2001 and 2002, from 4-hour dailies. For example, Théoden leading the charge went from 150 minutes of takes to a finished 90 seconds. Jackson reunited with longtime collaborator Jamie Selkirk to edit the final film. Like The Two Towers, they would have to deal with multiple storylines, and Jackson paid attention to each storyline at a time before deciding where to intercut. Most importantly they spent three weeks working on the last 45 minutes of the film, for appropriate intercutting and leaving out scenes such as the Mouth of Sauron, and the fates of characters like Legolas, Gimli, Éowyn and Faramir. The film inherited scenes originally planned to go into the second film, including the reforging of Narsil, Gollum s backstory, and Saruman s exit. But the Saruman scene posed a structural problem: killing off the second film s villain when the plot has Sauron as the main villain. Despite pick-ups and dubs, the scene was cut, causing controversy with fans and Saruman actor Christopher Lee, as well as a petition to restore the scene. Lee nonetheless contributed to the DVDs and was at the Copenhagen premiere, although he said he would never understand the reason for the cut and his relationship with Jackson was chilly. They would, however, later reconcile upon Lee s casting in Jackson s Hobbit films. Jackson only had a lock on 5 out of 10 reels, and had to churn out 3 reels in 3 weeks to help finish the film. It was finally completed on 12 November 2003. Jackson never had a chance to view the film in full due to the hectic schedule, and only saw the film from beginning to end on 1 December at the Wellington premiere; according to Elijah Wood, his response was yup, it s good, pretty good .

Visual effects

The Return of the King contains 1,489 visual effect shots, nearly three times the number from the first film and almost twice that of the second. As with the two previous films, Jim Rygiel served as the visual effects supervisor. Visual effects work began with Alan Lee and Mark Lewis compositing various photographs of New Zealand landscape to create the digital arena of the Pelennor Fields in November 2002. Jackson and Christian Rivers used computers to plan the enormous battle up until February 2003, when the shots were shown to Weta Digital. To their astonishment, 60 planned shots had gone up to 250, and 50,000 characters were now 200,000. Nevertheless, they pressed on, soon delivering 100 shots a week, 20 a day, and as the deadline neared within the last two months, often working until 2 am.

For the battle, they recorded 450 motions for the MASSIVE digital horses (though deaths were animated), and also had to deal with late additions in the film, such as Trolls bursting through Minas Tirith s gates as well as the creatures that pull Grond to the gate, and redoing a shot of two mûmakil Éomer takes down that had originally taken six months in two days. On a similar note of digital creatures, Shelob s head sculpture was scanned by a Canadian company for 10 times more detail than Weta had previously been able to capture.

Like the previous films, there are also extensive morphs between digital doubles for the actors. This time, there was Sam falling off Shelob, where the morph takes place as Astin hits the ground. Legolas attacking a mûmak required numerous transitions to and fro, and Gollum s shots of him having recovered the One Ring and falling into the Crack of Doom were fully animated. For the latter scene, as well as the scene in which Mount Doom erupts and Frodo and Sam escape from the volcano, the help of the company Next Limit Technologies and their software RealFlow was required to simulate the lava. The King of the Dead is played by an actor in prosthetics, and his head occasionally morphs to a more skull-like digital version, depending on the character s mood. The Mouth of Sauron also had his mouth enlarged 200% for unsettling effect.

The Return of the King also has practical effects. In the Pyre of Denethor sequence, as the Steward of Gondor throws Pippin out of the Tomb, John Noble threw a size double named Fon onto a prostrate Billy Boyd, who immediately pushed his head into camera to complete the illusion. A few burning torches were also reflected off a plate of glass and into the camera for when Gandalf s horse Shadowfax kicks Denethor onto the pyre. Because of Jackson s requirement for complete representation of his fantasy world, numerous miniatures were built, such as 1:72 scale miniature of Minas Tirith, which rises 7m high and is 6.5m in diameter. 1:14 scale sections of the city were also required, and the Extended Edition scene of the collapsing City of the Dead has 80,000 small skulls, amounting in total to a single cubic meter. The miniatures team concluded in November with the Black Gate, after 1000 days of shooting, and the final digital effects shot done was the Ring s destruction, on 25 November.

Sound effects

The Sound department spent the early part of the year searching for the right sounds. A Tasmanian devil was used to create Shelob s shriek, which in turn gave inspiration for Weta s animators, while the mûmakil is the beginning and end of a lion roar. Human screams and a donkey screech were mixed into Sauron s fall and broken glass was used for the collapsing sounds. For missile trading during Minas Tirith s siege, construction workers dropped actual 2 ton stone blocks previously lifted by a construction crane. Mixing began at a new studio on 15 August, although unfinished building work caused some annoyances. The mixers finished on 15 November, after three months of non-stop work.


The music was composed by Howard Shore, who previously composed the first two parts of the trilogy. Shore watched the assembly cut of the film, and had to write seven minutes of music per day to keep up with the schedule. The score sees the full introduction of the Gondor theme, originally heard during Boromir s speeches at the Council of Elrond in The Fellowship of the Ring and at Osgiliath in The Two Towers Extended Edition. Shore also used the Gondor theme with the new ascending coda (which is unique to this film) in his score for the trailer of the film.

The score features the London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Voices, the London Oratory School Schola and featured vocal soloists. The score is the most expansive of the three: scoring effectively the entire movie length, not including additional music written for the trailer and various alternate versions released to the public. It also uses the biggest forces in the series: sections of the score call for two sets of timpani, eight trumpets (and possibly a similar increase in the size of the horn, trombone and tuba section, as well), 85 singers in the mixed choir with additional players for all-male and all-female sections, over fifty in the boy choir and many instrumentalist bands playing Celtic and eastern instruments such as tin whistle or pan flute, on stage or off of it. One piece of music required an instrument invented and crafted especially for the film: a fiddle with four pairs of strings instead of single strings.

Actors Billy Boyd, Viggo Mortensen and Liv Tyler also contributed to the film s music. Boyd sings on screen as Faramir charges towards Osgiliath, Mortensen sings on screen as he is crowned King, and in the Extended Edition Tyler sings as Aragorn heals Éowyn.

Renée Fleming, Ben Del Maestro, Sissel Kyrkjebø and James Galway also contribute to the soundtrack as featured soloists. Fleming sings as Arwen has a vision of her son and when Gollum recovers the One Ring. Del Maestro sings when Gandalf lights his staff to save fleeing Gondorian soldiers from Osgiliath as the Nazgûl attack and as the eagles arrive at the Black Gates. Galway plays the flute and whistle as Frodo and Sam climb Mount Doom and as they return to the shire. Sissel sings Asea Aranion , which was originally meant to score the Houses of Healing scene. The end title song, Into the West , was composed by Shore with lyrics by Fran Walsh. Annie Lennox (formerly of Eurythmics) performed it and also received songwriting credit. The song was partially inspired by the premature death from cancer of a young New Zealand filmmaker named Cameron Duncan who had befriended Peter Jackson.



After two years of attention and acclaim since the release of The Fellowship of the Ring, audience and critical anticipation for the final entry was extremely high. The world premiere was held in Wellington s Embassy Theatre, on 1 December 2003, and was attended by the director and many of the stars. It was estimated that over 100,000 people lined the streets, more than a quarter of the city s population.

Home media

The theatrical edition of the film was released on VHS and DVD on 25 May 2004. The DVD was a 2-disc set with extras on the second disc. The theatrical DVD sets for the two previous films were released eight months after the films were released, but Return of the King s set was completed in five because it did not have to market a sequel (the previous films had to wait for footage of their sequels to become available for a ten-minute preview). However, it contained a seven-minute trailer of the entire trilogy.

The Return of the King followed the precedent set by its predecessors by releasing an Extended Edition (251 minutes) with new editing and added special effects and music, along with four commentaries and six hours of supplementary material, plus 10 minutes of fan-club credits. However, this set took longer to produce than the others because the cast and crew, no longer based in New Zealand for the trilogy, were spread all over the world working on other projects. The set was finally released on 14 December 2004 in the UK and US. The final ten minutes comprises a listing of the charter members of the official fan club who had paid for three-year charter membership.

A collectors box set was also released, which included the Extended Set plus a sculpture of Minas Tirith and a bonus 50-minute music documentary DVD, Howard Shore: Creating The Lord of the Rings Symphony: A Composer s Journey Through Middle-earth. The DVD has a DTS-ES soundtrack. The DVD also features two humorous Easter Eggs, one where Dominic Monaghan plays a German interviewer with Elijah Wood via satellite and another where Vince Vaughn and Ben Stiller attempt to convince Jackson to make a sequel, originally shown at the 2004 MTV Movie Awards. Both can be accessed via a Ring icon on the last page of both Disc 1 and 2 s scene indexes. In August 2006, a Limited Edition of The Return of the King was released. This Limited Edition contains two discs; the first is a two-sided DVD containing both the Theatrical and Extended editions of the film. The second disc is a bonus disc that contains a new behind-the-scenes documentary.

The theatrical Blu-ray release was released in the United States in April 2010. The individual Blu-ray disc of The Return of the King was released in September 2010 with the same special features as the complete trilogy release, except there was no digital copy. The Extended Edition was released in the United States in June 2011. It has a runtime of 263 minutes.

The Return of the King was released in Ultra HD Blu-ray on 30 November 2020 in the United Kingdom and on 1 December 2020 in the United States, along with the other films of the trilogy, including both the theatrical and the extended editions of the films.


Box office

The Return of the King earned $377,027,325 in the United States and Canada and $763,654,686 in other countries for a worldwide total of $1,140,682,011. In the weekend of February 20–22 of 2004, the film crossed the $1 billion mark, making it the second film in history to do so, after Titanic. Worldwide, it is the 24th highest-grossing film of all time when not adjusted for inflation, the highest-grossing film of 2003, the second highest-grossing film of the 2000s, the highest-grossing entry in The Lord of the Rings trilogy, and the highest-grossing film ever to be released by New Line Cinema. It held the record as Time Warner s highest-grossing film worldwide for eight years until it was surpassed by Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 in 2011. Box Office Mojo estimates that the film had sold over 61 million tickets in the US in its initial theatrical run.

In the US and Canada, it is the 27th highest-grossing film, the highest-grossing 2003 film, and the highest-grossing entry in The Lord of the Rings trilogy. The film set an opening Wednesday record with $34,450,834. This record was first surpassed by Spider-Man 2 in 2004 and ranks as the seventh largest Wednesday opening. Additionally, it was ranked as the highest December opening day, holding that record for less than a decade before getting dethroned by The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey in 2012. The film opened a day earlier for a midnight showing and accounted for about $8 million. This was nearly twice the first-day total of The Fellowship of the Ring — which earned $18.2 million on its opening day in 2001 — as well as a significant increase over The Two Towers — which earned $26.1 million on its debut in 2002. Part of the grosses came from the Trilogy Tuesday event, in which the Extended Editions of the two previous films were played on 16 December before the first midnight screening. For two years, The Return of the King would hold the record for having the highest midnight screenings gross until 2005 when it was given to Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith. The film went on to make an opening weekend of $72,629,713, making it the second-highest opening weekend for a New Line Cinema film, behind Austin Powers in Goldmember. In addition, it had the third largest opening weekend of that year, after The Matrix Reloaded and X2. With a total gross of $125.1 million, the film had the biggest five-day Wednesday opening of all time, surpassing the previous record held by Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace. The next year, this record would be beaten by Shrek 2. Its Friday-Sunday opening weekend was a record-high for December (first surpassed by I Am Legend). The film also set single-day records for Christmas Day and New Year s Day (both first surpassed by Meet the Fockers).

Outside the US and Canada, it is the 17th highest-grossing film, the highest-grossing 2003 film and the highest-grossing film of the series. On its first day (Wednesday, 17 December 2003), the film earned $23.5 million from 19 countries and it set an opening-weekend record outside the US and Canada with $125.9 million during the five-day weekend as a whole. The combined total gross increased to $250.1 million, making it the highest worldwide opening weekend at the time, knocking out The Matrix Revolutions. It set opening-day records in thirteen of them, including the United Kingdom, Germany, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Greece, Switzerland, Scandinavia (as well as separately in Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark), Mexico, Chile and Puerto Rico. It set opening-weekend records in the United Kingdom ($26.5 million in five days), Germany, Spain, Sweden, Denmark and Switzerland. In Singapore, it surpassed Finding Nemo to become the country s top-grossing film. In New Zealand, where filming took place, the film set opening day, opening weekend, single-day, Friday gross, Saturday gross and Sunday gross records with $1.7 million in four days.

The substantial increase in initial box office totals caused optimistic studio executives to forecast that The Return of the King would surpass The Two Towers in total earnings. If this proved to be true, then this would be the first blockbuster trilogy for each successive film to earn more at the box office than its predecessor, when all three films were blockbuster successes. The Return of the King has helped The Lord of the Rings franchise to become the highest-grossing motion picture trilogy worldwide of all time with over $2.9 billion beating other notable series such as the original Star Wars Trilogy, and became New Line s highest grossing release.

Through re-releases in 2005, 2011, 2017, 2020 and 2021, the film has grossed an additional $818,580 in the United States and Canada, and $4,530,321 overseas for a combined total of $5,348,901. This brings overall earnings to $377,845,905 domestic and $768,185,005 international for a worldwide total of $1,146,030,912.

These figures do not include income from DVD sales, TV rights, etc. It has been estimated that the gross income from non-box office sales and merchandise has been at least equal to the box office for all three films. If this is so, the total gross income for the trilogy would be in the region of $6 billion following an investment of $300 million ($426 million including marketing costs).

Critical response

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, The Return of the King holds an approval rating of 93% based on 275 reviews, with an average rating of 8.70/10. The website s critics consensus reads, Visually breathtaking and emotionally powerful, The Lord of the Rings – The Return of the King is a moving and satisfying conclusion to a great trilogy. Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, gives the film a score of 94 out of 100 based on 41 reviews, indicating universal acclaim . Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film a rare average grade of A+ on an A+ to F scale, the highest grade in the trilogy.

Like its two predecessors, The Return of the King was released to universal critical acclaim. Alan Morrison of Empire gave the film a perfect score of five stars. In his review, he called the film the resounding climax to a landmark in cinema history and praised how Peter Jackson had kept the momentum of the series rolling on and on through the traditionally difficult middle part and weak finale, delivering a climax to the story that s neater and more affecting than what Tolkien managed on the printed page. Morrison also mentioned how fans of the films who have walked beside these heroes every step of the way on such a long journey deserve the emotional pay-off as well as the action peaks, and they will be genuinely touched as the final credits roll. Elvis Mitchell for The New York Times lauded the acting, the craft of the technical crew, and Jackson s direction, describing The Return of the King as a a meticulous and prodigious vision made by a director who was not hamstrung by heavy use of computer special-effects imagery. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying that it is such a crowning achievement, such a visionary use of all the tools of special effects, such a pure spectacle, that it can be enjoyed even by those who have not seen the first two films. Talking about the whole trilogy, Ebert said that he admired it more as a whole than in its parts , and that The Return of the King certified The Lord of the Rings as a work of bold ambition in a time of cinematic timidity . In his review for The Times, James Christopher praised The Return of the King as everything a Ring fan could possibly wish for, and much more , and described The Lord of the Rings as the greatest film trilogy ever mounted, with some of the most amazing action sequences committed to celluloid . Nev Pierce for the BBC gave the film five stars out of five, judging it to be the best chapter of the trilogy, since it combined the ooh factor of Fellowship with the zippy action of Towers . Pierce described The Return of the King as Majestic, moving, and immense , and an astonishing piece of storytelling. Philip French, reviewing it for The Observer, lauded the narrative force, the battle scenes, the language, and the visual style of the film, which he related to the swirling battle paintings of Albrecht Altdorfer and Claude Lorraine s elegiac paintings of maritime departures inspired by classical poets. French wrote about the whole trilogy Jackson s Lord of the Rings is indeed a very fine achievement, moving, involving and, to many people, even inspiring. It redeems the debased cinematic notion of the epic.

In her review for Entertainment Weekly, Lisa Schwarzbaum gave the film an A grade, and wrote The conclusion of Peter Jackson’s masterwork is passionate and literate, detailed and expansive, and it’s conceived with a risk-taking flair for old-fashioned movie magic at its most precious … as he has done throughout, the director paces scenes of action, intimacy, and even panoramic, geographical grandeur … with the control of a superb choreographer. . Schwarzbaum also said of the whole series I can’t think of another film trilogy that ends in such glory, or another monumental work of sustained storytelling that surges ahead with so much inventiveness and ardor. Richard Corliss of Time named The Return of the King the best film of the year and described the whole trilogy as The film event of the millennium . Joe Morgenstern, for The Wall Street Journal, wrote Never has a filmmaker aimed higher, or achieved more. The third and last installment of the screen epic based on J.R.R. Tolkien s literary classic redefines — steeply upward — the very notion of a major motion picture. Peter Bradshaw, who had been less enthusiastic about the first two chapters of the trilogy, gave The Return of the King four stars out of five in his review for The Guardian, commenting I started the series an atheist and finished an agnostic . Bradshaw wrote of the film Technically it really is superb , and commented Hours after watching the film, I can close my eyes and see those incredible battle scenes pulsing and throbbing in my skull … Maybe Kurosawa s battles will one day be described as proto-Jacksonian .

The most common criticism of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King was its running time, particularly the epilogue; even rave reviews for the film commented on its length. Joel Siegel of Good Morning America said in his review for the film (which he gave an A ): If it didn t take forty-five minutes to end, it d be my best picture of the year. As it is, it s just one of the great achievements in film history.

In February 2004, a few months following release, the film was voted eighth on Empire s 100 Greatest Movies of All Time, compiled from readers top ten lists. This forced the magazine to abandon its policy of only allowing films being older than a year to be eligible. In 2007, Total Film named The Return of the King the third best film of the past decade (Total Film s publication time), behind The Matrix and Fight Club.


The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score, Best Original Song, Best Visual Effects, Best Art Direction, Best Costume Design, Best Make-up, Best Sound Mixing and Best Film Editing. At the 76th Academy Awards in 2004, the film won all the categories for which it was nominated and it holds the record for highest Academy Award totals along with Titanic and Ben-Hur, and also holding the record for the highest clean sweep at the Oscars, surpassing the nine awards earned by both Gigi and The Last Emperor. It was the first fantasy film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. It also was the last movie for 14 years to win the Academy Award for Best Picture without being chosen as one of the top ten films of the year by the National Board of Review, until the release of The Shape of Water in 2017.

The film also won four Golden Globes (including Best Picture for Drama and Best Director), five BAFTAs, two MTV Movie Awards, two Grammy Awards, nine Saturn Awards, the New York Film Critics Circle award for Best Picture, the Nebula Award for Best Script, and the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form.

Award Category Recipient/Nominee Result
Academy Awards Best Picture Barrie M. Osborne, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh Won
Best Director Peter Jackson Won
Best Adapted Screenplay Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens and Peter Jackson Won
Best Art Direction Grant Major, Dan Hennah and Alan Lee Won
Best Costume Design Ngila Dickson and Richard Taylor Won
Best Film Editing Jamie Selkirk Won
Best Makeup Richard Taylor and Peter King Won
Best Original Score Howard Shore Won
Best Original Song Fran Walsh, Howard Shore and Annie Lennox Won
Best Sound Mixing Christopher Boyes, Michael Semanick, Michael Hedges and Hammond Peek Won
Best Visual Effects Jim Rygiel, Joe Letteri, Randall William Cook and Alex Funke Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Film Barrie M. Osborne, Fran Walsh and Peter Jackson Won
Best Direction Peter Jackson Nominated
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Ian McKellen Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Fran Walsh, Phil

Year 2003
ReleaseDate 2003-12-17
RuntimeMins 201
RuntimeStr 3h 21min
Plot Gandalf and Aragorn lead the World of Men against Sauron’s army to draw his gaze from Frodo and Sam as they approach Mount Doom with the One Ring.
Awards Top rated movie #7 , Won 11 Oscars, 209 wins & 124 nominations total
Directors Peter Jackson
Writers J.R.R. Tolkien, Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens
Stars Elijah Wood, Viggo Mortensen, Ian McKellen
Produced by Peter Jackson,Michael Lynne,Eric Monette,Mark Ordesky,Barrie M. Osborne,Rick Porras,Jamie Selkirk,Robert Shaye,Fran Walsh,Bob Weinstein,Harvey Weinstein
Music by Howard Shore
Cinematography by Andrew Lesnie
Film Editing by Jamie Selkirk
Casting By Victoria Burrows,Amy Hubbard,John Hubbard,Liz Mullane,Ann Robinson
Production Design by Grant Major
Art Direction by Joe Bleakley,Simon Bright,Dan Hennah,Philip Ivey,Mark Robins
Set Decoration by Dan Hennah,Alan Lee
Costume Design by Ngila Dickson,Richard Taylor
Makeup Department Margaret Aston,Rick Findlater,Debbie Fitzpatrick,Kerryn Flewell-Smith,Vance Hartwell,Steve Hopgood,Mark Kinaston-Smith,Peter Swords King,Jessica Lalande,Davina Lamont,Tami Lane,Louise Leonard,Vivienne MacGillicuddy,Catherine Maguire,Emma Moncrieff,Angela Mooar,Peter Owen,Elizabeth Pick,Ivana Primorac,José Luis Pérez,Jess Reedy,Allie Rutherford,Janine Schneider,Lenore Stewart,Gail Taylor,Richard Taylor,Tera Treanor,Caroline Turner,Nancy Vincent,Noreen Wilkie,Gail Wilson,Jeremy Woodhead,Melisa Mitchell-Bridle,Sarah Weatherburn,Laurelle Ziento
Production Management Bridget Bourke,Rosemary Dority,Carla Fry,Erik Holmberg,Belindalee Hope,Rua Howe,Carol Kim,Nikolas Korda,Kevin Magill,Peta Sinclair,Jonas Thaler,Mike Turner,Zane Weiner,Brigitte Yorke
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director Marc Ashton,Richard A. Barker,Guy Campbell,Del Chatterton,Emma Cross,Carolynne Cunningham,Louise Harness,Zo Hartley,Eric Houghton,Chris Husson,Gene Keelan,Darren Mackie,John Mahaffie,Richard Matthews,Geoff Murphy,Dave Norris,Joanne Pearce,Rick Porras,Sarah Rose,Liz Tan,Skot Thomas,Edith Thompson,Simon Warnock,Stephanie Weststrate,Guy Norris,Jim Rygiel,Dean Wright
Art Department Tim Abbot,Daniel Aird,James Alexander,Jacqui Allen,Ruben Allen,Judy Alley,Stan Alley,Karl Anton,Andrew Baguley,Timothy Barnett,Ben Beemsterboer,Stephen Belsten,Brett Blenkin,Michael J. Bonnar,Stuart Bowman,Kevin Bradshaw,John Brien,Sam Brown,Anton Buys,Brian Campbell,Paula Carswell,Tanea Chapman,Jules Cook,Zachary Cousins,Stephen Crene,Neil Cromie,Alan Davie,Henry Davies,Huia Davies,Selwyn Davies,Joel Douglas,Tony Drawbridge,Matt Duncan,Rei Duncan,Kerry Dunn,Matthew Easton,Grant Fahey,Semi Feite,Garrick Ferguson,Duncan Field,Adam Fisher,Martin Ford,Andrew Fraser,Coleman Fraser,Alistair Fyfe,Roxane Gajadhar,Clayton Gearry,Sam Genet,Kristen Georgi,Chris Gifford,Trevor Gillan,Geoff Goss,Clarke Gregory,James Griffin,David Guerin,Paul Halton,Simon Hames,Troy Hannett,Wade Hannett,Andrew Harding,Simon Harper,Andrew Hastings,Wendy Hatfield,Paul Hay-Chapman,Michael Heerey,Mike Heffernan,Chris Hennah,Vaughan Hickson,Peter Hill,Ross Hoby,Nick Hoddinot,Jason Holland,Roger Houston,John Howe,Murray Hunter,Paul Isaacson,Gareth Jensen,Mark Jephson,Daniel Kelly,Shane Kenneally,Archie Kennedy,Heather Kilgour,Green Kim,Dan King,Gareth King,Robert King,Jeff Kingsford-Brown,Dallas Selwyn Tengore Kipa,Thomas Kipa,Erwin Koedijk,Andrew Kolfe,David Kolff,Andre La Borde,Saunoaga Lafai,Jon Lambert,Sarah Larcombe,Brett Larsen,Bill Lawton,Christopher Lawton,Alan Lee,Virginia Lee,Tristan Leniston-Mahoney,Kathryn Lim,Setu Lio,Andrew Lloyd,Richard Lomas,Douglas Lotoaso,Paul Lovato,Peter Loveridge,Simon Lowe,Troy Major,Anthony Marrow,Jim Marsden,Alan Marshall,John Marshall,Simon Marshall,Brian Massey,Graeme Massey,Sam McDougall,Basil McGahan,Ross McGarva,Robert McGovern,Victoria McKenzie,Andrew McLay,William McPhedron,Chris Meder,Matthew Mellor,Gareth Mills,Derek Misseldine,Dave Moore,Chris Morrison,Andrew Moyes,Ed Mulholand,Ian Murray,Russell Murray,Graeme Neal,Kirk Nicholls,Daena Nichols,Reece Nicol,Anthony Norris,Paul Ny,Mark O Shea,Matthew C. Oliver,Richard Orrick,Blaise Orsman,Danielle Osborne,Michael Paterson,Josh Patterson,Raynia Pikari,Tim Priest,Ben Pringle,Manu Pullyn,Chris Purdy,Trace Quinn,Hamish Quinney,Chris Ramsay,Duncan J. Randall,Edward Ratapu,Robert Reedy,Daniel Reeve,Jack Reid,Mark Relph,Amber Richards,Andrew Richardson,Scott Richardson,Nick Riera,Warren Robb,Quinn Roberts,Tony Roberts,Wayne Roberts,Murray Robinson,Jonathan Rodgers,Dave Roy,Bill Ryalls,Solomon Saalmon,John Shearman,Mark Sheridan,Kevin Silvester,Vic Singe,Dean Smith,Fraser Smith,Giles Smith,Warren Dion Smith,Troy Stephens,Russell Stoupe,Chris Streeter,Helen Strevens,Nigel Sturgeon,Richard Sturkenboom,Brent Sutton,Hokio Tarawhiti,Brent Tasker,Wayne Tawhara,Lesley Earle Templeton,Rod Tervoort,Nigel Thomas,Philip Thomas,Kate Thurston,Penny Towns,Cathy Tracey,Mike Travers,James Tuapai,Lisa Twort,Phillip Unuia,Janice Van Rooijen,Dave Vernon,Ra Vincent,Hamish Wain,Duncan Wait,Rob Wait,Axel Wakelin,Bryan Wakelin,Hakota James Walker,Patrick Walker,James Wallace,Timothy Ward,Graham Watkins,Nick Weir,Gillian West-Walker,Ben Whale,James Whetu-Waten,David White,Norman Willerton,Mark Cameron Williams,Nick Williams,Paul Williams,Phil Williams,Alan Wilson,Shane Wood,Matt Wratten,Brigitte Wuest,Alan Wyllie,Joseph Wynward,Rob Brown,Matthew Handscomb,Christian Rivers,Jeremy Shaw,Alexander Still,Richard Taylor,Michael White
Sound Department Matt Bainbridge,Bruno Barrett-Garnier,Ray Beentjes,Beau Borders,Christopher Boyes,Nick Breslin,Brent Burge,Jason Canovas,Hayden Collow,Eoin Cox,Malcolm Cromie,Matt Cuirc,Meredith Dooley,Corrin Ellingford,Bruce Emery,David Farmer,Mark Franken,Luke Goodwin,Melanie Graham,Michael Hedges,Simon Hewitt,Phil Heywood,Lora Hirschberg,Mike Hopkins,Paul Huntingford,Mike Jones,Martin Kwok,John McKay,Polly McKinnon,Adrian Medhurst,Peter Mills,John Neill,Tim Nielsen,Martin Oswin,Hammond Peek,Angus Robertson,Ken Saville,Michael Semanick,Ben Sinclair,Nigel Stone,Matt Stutter,Gary Summers,Addison Teague,Craig Tomlinson,Ethan Van der Ryn,Chris Ward,John Warhurst,Justin Webster,Dave Whitehead,Chris Winter,Katy Wood,Gareth Bull,Neil Draper,Sarah Faust,Nick Foley,Chris Hiles,Grant Johnson,Ann Kroeber,Gilbert Lake,Michael Semanick,Sam Spicer,Mike Stewart,Ted Swanscott,Ian Tapp
Special Effects by Gudrun Abbott,Michael Abott,Gino Acevedo,Greg Allison,Erica Anderson,Matt Appleton,Michael Asquith,Rebecca Asquith,Keith Barclay,Saul Barnes,Jeremy Barr,Gordon Barrell,David Barson,John Baster,Mike H.G. Bates,Warren Beaton,Andrew Beattie,Gary Bennett,Tama Berkeljon,Jamie Beswarick,Hannah Bianchini,Megan Bint,Nicola Birchfield,Freya Blackwood,Morgan Boehringer,Shaun Bolton,Steve Bond,David Booth,Matt Brebner,Carola Broekhoff,Jonathon Brough,Angela Brown,Duncan Brown,Hamish Brown,Michelle Bryant,Lyndon Burford,Lesley Burkes-Harding,Bob Burns,Jacq Burrell,Dean Bushby,John Caldwell,Jonathan Campbell,Glyn Carter,Tim Castelow,Sourisak Chanpaseuth,Karl Chisholm,Hil Cook,Rich E. Cordobes,Chris Covich,John Craney,Geoff Curtis,Jorkos Damen,Bryon Darling,Jason Docherty,Joe Dunckley,Liam Dunstan,Andrew Durno,Sarah Durno,Susan Durno,Alex Dyer,Jon Ewen,Daniel Falconer,Doug Falconer,Alex Falkner,Sam Farquar,Tony Ferrier,Gilly Fiford,Blair Foord,Sean Foot,Rodney Ford,Xander Forterie,Ryk Fortuna,Oliver Gee,Ollie Gee,Rob Gillies,Darin Gordine,Nathan Gray,Michael Grealish,Savannah Green,Warren Green,Brad Greenwood,Chris Guise,Simon Hall,Paul Hambleton,Marjory Hamlin,John Harding,Sue Hardy,Scott Harens,Sven Harens,Brett Harman,Cathy Harris,Vance Hartwell,John Harvey,Ben Hawker,Luke Hawker,Thomas Haywood,Darran Holmes,Nori Honda,Kayne Horsham,Michael Hughes,Bill Hunt,Iain Hutton,Steve Ingram,Dave Irons,Simon Jay,Stu Johnson,Karen Kelly,Jan Kofzler,Simon Lamason,Tami Lane,Sukhita Langford,Sacha Lee,Roger Lewis,Nicci Lock,Darian Lumsden,Peter Lyon,Gary Mackay,Mary MacLachlan,Warren Mahy,Pietro Marson,Ross Martindale,Tim Marwick,Richard Maybery,Clare McCutcheon,Fiona McDonald,Mike McDonald,Gareth McGhie,Robynne McIntyre,Pranee McKinlay,Phil McLaren,Kerry McSaveney,Valerie Metin,Howard Millard,Nardeen Mitchell,Melanie Morris,John Mowat,Gayle Munro,Brad Murphy,Paul Murphy,Les Nairn,Tira O Daly,Megumi Ogo,Kent Parker,Stephen Patrick,Carl Payne,Dan Perry,Bill Perryman,Graham Piddington,Dean Powell,Ben Price,Fenella Probert,Karen Purvis,Pip Reisch,Roman Reyes,Darryl Richards,Frances Richardson,Tania Rodger,Tich Rowney,Jeremy Ryder,Kym Sainsbury,Rogier Samuels,Scott Schneider,Neil Schrader,Mike Seddon,Gareth Selwood,Heidi Skeet,Gavin Skudder,Carlos Slater,Chris Smith,Rod Smith,Fiona Sole,Ben Stenbeck,Mike Stringer,Emily Sturrock,Suzanne Sturrock,Bruce Tanner,Dominic Taylor,Richard Taylor,Neil Testa,Janet Thomas,Sharon Thomas,Bill Thomson,Dominie Till,Greg Tozer,Tim Tozer,David Tremont,Rob Uivel,Steve Unwin,Wineke Van thof,Ben Vere-Jones,Mark Viniello,Adrian Walker,Michael Wallace,Lynne Walsh,Martin Walsh,Paul Walton,Deb Watson,Carlos Wedde,Annemiek Weterings,Tim Wigmore,Jamie Wilson,Kenny Wilson,Ben Wootten,Annette Wullems,Warwick Yin,Petar Zivkovic,Norman Cates,Alain de Zilva,Doug de Zilva,Tanya Marriott,James L. Millington,Tomek Piatek,Richard Taylor
Visual Effects by Gino Acevedo,Shane Acker,Holly Acton,Wade Acuff,Cathy Adams,Lindsay Adams,Richard Addison-Wood,Malcolm Aitchison,Matt Aitken,Jon Allitt,Colin Alway,Svend Andersen,Glenn Anderson,Malcolm Angell,Hillary Yeo Tze Ann,Gail Appleton,Elisabeth Arko,Kyle Ashley,Mia Askew,John-Mark Austin,Michael Bain,Richard Baneham,Jeremy Barr,Ned Barraud,David Bawel,Jon Baxter,Jamie Beard,Kelly Bechtle-Woods,Lyse Beck,Susanne Becker,Cory Bedwell,Samantha-Kate Belcher,Paula Bell,Kyla Bendall,Jeremy Bennett,Jill Berger,Lee Berger,Sandrine Bernet,John-Michael Bills,Graham Binding,Alicia Bissinger,Justin Blaustein,Jennifer Bloomfield,Samati Boonchitsitsak,Nick Booth,Barbara A. Bordo,Jake Botting,Jon Bowen,Lee Bramwell,Harald Brendel,Loren Brookes,Ronn Brown,David Brunette,Nathan Brunskill,Julian Bryant,Stephen A. Buckley,Sam Bui,Clare Burgess,Thomas Burkhart,Chris Burn,Cathy Burrow,Alex Burt,John Butiu,Greg Butler,Hans Butler,Julian R. Butler,Julian Büchner,Andrew Calder,Sonia Calvert,Andrew Camenisch,Scott Camera-Smith,Jodi Campanaro,Paul Campion,Dave Cardwell,Marcus Carter,Nick Carter,Aaron Caskey,Norman Cates,Paul Charisse,Tim Cheng,Siong Loong Choong,Glen Christie,Eduardo Cisneros,Hannah Clarke,David Clayton,Woody Clayton,Ann Cloet,Emily Cobb,Dylan Cole,Sam Cole,Tony Cole,Ross Collinge,Paul Conway,Randall William Cook,Shane Cooper,Aaron Cowan,Jessica Cowley,Frank Cowlrick,Christine Cram,Doug Cram,Jim Croasdale,Steve Cronin,Tim Crosbie,Martyn Moose Culpitt,John Curtis,Kevin Cushing,Susan Cuthbert,Enid Dalkoff,Casey Dame,Marion Davey,Kathleen Davidson,Chris Davison,Karen deJong,Doug Delaney,Graeme Demmocks,Max Dennison,Chetan Deshmukh,Richard Dexter,Ben Dishart,Adam Dotson,Grace Dotson,Loring Doyle,Dale Drummond,Steve Dubin,Simeon Duncombe,Shawn Dunn,Simon Dye,Frank Dürschinger,Luke Emrose,Paul Everitt,Oliver Exmundo,Campbell Taylor Fairweather,Mark Fattibene,Eric Fernandes,Florian Fernandez,Mitch Fishman,Shine Fitzner,Erina Fon,Frederic Fortin,Fiona Foster,Angela Frame,Richard Frances-Moore,Evan Fraser,Paul Freeman,Dimitri Frost,Alex Fry,Alex Funke,Nick Gabchenko,Roman Gadner,Eric Gambini,Mark Gee,Chris George,David Gilligan,Moritz Glaesle,Geoff Gordon,David Gould,Jason Greenblum,D.R. Greenlaw,Paul Griffin,Michael Grobe,Mike Gunn,Paul Gunn,Glen Gustafson,Bassim Haddad,Geoff Hadfield,Mikael Hakansson,John Haley,Monica Singh Haley,Ben Hall,Joe Hall,Jeff Hameluck,Briana Hamilton,David Hampton,Joe Han,David R. Hardberger,Benjamin Hardy,Harry Harrison,Geoffrey Harvey,Todd Harvey,Christopher Hatala,Ed Hawkins,Libby Hazell,G.G. Heitmann Demers,Donyale Hema,Quentin Hema,Lisa Hodge,Matt Holmes,Matt Holmes,Tom Holzinger,Mark Hopkins,Richard Hopkins,Steven Hornby,Gray Horsfield,Erin Horton,Kathryn Horton,Christopher Horvath,David Houghton-Williams,Jim Hourihan,Sandy Houston,Scott Houston,Jason Howden,Dave R. Howe,Wayne Howe,Keith Huggins,Bret Hughes,John Hughes,John Huikku,Gus Hunter,Philip Hunter,Katherine Hurst,Brett Ineson,Claire Inglis,Robyn Isaacs,Mel James,Dee Jamison,Paul Jenness,Allan Torp Jensen,Mia Jewett,Linda Johnson,Verena Jonker,Pete Jopling,Lisa Josephs,Simon Jung,Kory Juul,Sandip Kalsy,Miae Kang,Mel Kangleon,Samson Kao,Mike Kelly,Cheryl Kerr,Michael Kiely,Bert Klein,Susie Kleis,Daniel Klem,Tom Kluyskens,Heather Knight,Jonny Kofoed,Sergei Koudriautsev,Alex Kramer,Lars Kramer,Dmitri Krasnokoutski,Dan Kripac,N. Balamurali Krishna,Bridgitte Krupke,Bryan Ku,Andrew Kunzel,Rita Kunzler,Roger Kupelian,Joosten Kuypers,Vicky Kwan,Jon Labrie,Suzanne Labrie,Laure Lacroix,Michelle Ladd,Kirsty Lancaster,Paul Lasaine,Joseph J. Lawson,Jacob Leaf,Jake Lee,Alex Lemke,Dan Lemmon,Mike Lemmon,Agnes Leroux,Joe Letteri,Mark Tait Lewis,Sophie Lodge,Matt Logue,Lance Lones,Jade Lorier,Patrick Lowery,Jacob Luamanuvae,Robyn Luckham,David Luke,Danie Lupovici,Kristoffer Lynch,Stephen Lynch,Dean Lyon,Anthony Mabin,Keith MacGowan,Damian Mackle,Tibor Madjar,Brenda Mah-Madjar,Alastair Maher,Gianni Malpeli,David Man,Michael Manza,Campbell March,Evans Mark,Nic Marrison,Florian Martin,Jeffrey Martin,Albert Mason,Ray Massa,Sean Mathiesen,Jean Matthews,Sharon Maxwell,Jolene McCaffrey,James McCallum,Timothy McCallum,Charlie McClellan,Damian McDonnell,Shane McEwan,Siuan McGahan,Ken McGaugh,Jenny McGee,Steve McGee,Paul McInnes,Steven McKendry,Nick McKenzie,Tristan McMahon,Brian McMillin,Bruce McNaught,Michelle Meeker,Peter Megow,Alex Mein Smith,Angela Menz,Matthias Menz,Andrea Merlo,David Miles,Justin Miller,Michael Miller,Ben Milsom,Saki Mitchell,Chad Moffitt,Patrick Mooney,Elizabeth Moore,Richard Moore,Eileen Moran,Ivan Moran,TJ Morgan,Lauren Morimoto,Gwilym Morris,Matt Mueller,Andrew Mumford,Hiroaki Muramoto,Mike L. Murphy,Puck Murphy,Alfred Mürrle,HyeSeung Nam,Shoban Narayanan,Dylan Neill,Sergei Nevshupov,Milton Ngan,Thai-My Nguyen,Ann Niccum,Tim Nicholas,Wolfgang Niedermeier,Tonya Noerr,Jennifer Maryam Nona,Sverker Nordqvist,Danielle Norgate,Alexander Nowotny,John P. Nugent,Murray Nuttall,Jane O Callaghan,Josh O Neil,Mike O Neill,Robert O Neill,Cyndi Ochs,James Ogle,George Oliver,Leslie Oliver,Tor-Bjorn Olsson,David A. Ostler,Lulu Lianhlupuii Pachuau,Annabel Page,Ben Paschke,Helen Paul,Emily Pearce,Hannah Peirce,Mike Perry,Dana Peters,Noah Peterson,Alan Pilkington,Navin Pinto,Fred Place,Emrys Plaisted,Giuseppe Poli,Jason Porter,Lance Powell,Steve Preeg,Martin Preston,Jo Priest,Henk Prins,Thomas Proctor,Jean-Colas Prunier,Lucas Putnam,Orash Rahnema,Bay Raitt,Mohan Ramachandran,Troy Ramsey,Derek Rausch,Donny Rausch,Sarah Rausch,Mathieu Raynault,Paul Redican,Stephen Regelous,Sandra Reis,Stephan Remstedt,Marco Revelant,Matthew Riordan,Lauren Ritchie,Anne Ritter,Christian Rivers,Guy Robinson,Troy Robinson,Tom Rolfe,Ivan Rooda,Michael Root,Campbell Rose,Luaan Ruaine,Tim Rudgard,Frank Rueter,Patrick Runyon,Carmel Russell,Ian Ruxton,Bill Ryder,Jim Rygiel,Theresa Ellis Rygiel,Karim Sahai,Eric Saindon,Christoph Salzmann,Adrian Samuels,Brian Samuels,V. Samundeswari,Mahria Sangster,Atsushi Sato,Robin Saxen,Jennifer Lee Scheer,Katie Scheid,Jason Schleifer,Jakob Schmidt,Rolf Schneider,Rolfe Schneider,Hamish Schumacher,Sean Schur,David Scott,Shaun Scott,Brad Selkirk,Nelson Sepulveda,Adam Shand,Glen Sharah,Janet Sharpe,Betty Shaw,John Sheils,Kevin L. Sherwood,Steven Shields,Tomoko Shin,Nick Shore,Roger Shortt,Chuck Shuman,Martin Simcock,Murray Smallwood,Cameron Smith,Hugh Smith,Colleen Smith-Brattesani,Udo Smutny,Jason Snyman,Joe Spampinato,Greg Spencer,Holger Spill,Wayne Stables,Brett Stapleton-French,Hilary Sperling Stauffer,Rob Stauffer,Justin Steel,Albrecht Steinmetz,Mark Stetson,Mike Stevens,Craig Stevenson,John Stillman,Tamara Stone,Daniel Story,Paul Story,Ileana Stravoskiadi,Petra Stueben,Lee F. Sullivan,Roxanne Sutherland-Valentine,Blake Sweeney,David Swift,Aaron Symes,Eric Tablada,Emi Tahira,Charles Tait,Mark Tait,Eric Tang,Anne Taunga,Marty Taylor,Sandy Taylor,Stephanie Taylor,Kevin Tengan,Carrie Thiel,Lisa Thomas,Nicholas Titmarsh,Geoff Tobin,Jensen Toms,Terrance Tornberg,Remy Torre,Guerdon Trueblood,Doug Tubach,Zachary Tucker,Jon Turburfield,Stephen Unterfranz,Steve Upstill,James Van Der Reyden,Phil Van Der Reyden,Paul Van Ommen,Brian Van t Hul,Trish Van t Hul,Kara Vandeleur,Jenny Vial,Mary Victoria,Marco Vidaurre,Mike Wallis,Sandra Warren,Morris Wassman,Christine Watkins,Imery Watson,Roland Watson,Matt Welford,Craig Wentworth,R. Christopher White,James Whitlam,Melissa Widup,Todd Widup,Lisa Wild,Lisa Wildermoth,Ed Wilkie,Joseph Wilkie,Guy Williams,Pete Williams,Dan Wills,Erik Winquist,Dean Wright,Malcolm Wright,Klaus Wuchta,Marco Wuest,Billy Wychgel,Dennis Yoo,Chris Young,Joyce Young,Lucas Young,Marvyn Young,Christian Zeh,Johan Åberg,Erik Akutagawa,David Bawel,Miles Bellas,Hannah Bianchini,Jason Billington,Greg Bradner,Daniel Aristoteles Collins,Ian Cope,Brandon Craig,Yvonne Cuthbert,Bradford deCaussin,Rebecca Downes,Jason Duncan,Greg Ellis,Richard Elworthy,William Gammon,Kyle Goodsell,Clark Graff,Phil Greig,Mark Hawthorne,Phil Holland,John Huikku,Malcolm Humphreys,Bryan Jones,Tim Kings-Lynne,Jason Madigan,Mike Morasky,Sébastien Moreau,Adam Paschke,Gerard Benjamin Pierre,Jamie Pilgrim,Ben Roberts,James Rogers,Don Schmeichel,Fred Simon,Kevin Andrew Smith,Madhu Sudhanan,Chu Tang,Leon Woods
Stunts Bob Anderson,Daniel Andrews,Jeff Barber,Daniel W. Barringer,Trevor Bau,Brett Beattie,Shane Blakey,Matthew Breen,Sean Button,Shaughan Campbell,Ryan Carey,Justin B. Carter,Sebastiano Cartier,Rodney Cook,Robert Cooper,Gareth Courtney,Augie Davis,Mana Hira Davis,Shane Dawson,Peter Dillon,Branko Dordevich,Steve Drage,Duncan Dwight,Neill Dwight,Clint Elvy,Morgan Evans,Amanda Foubister,Winham Hammond,Albert Heimuli,Shelley Hodder,Taran Howell,Lani Jackson,Are Manea Karati,Baz Karbouris,Gary Kingsman,Thomas Kiwi,Gregory Paul Lane,Dave Leader,Master Lee,Slade Leef,Lance Louez,Aaron Lupton,Kirk Maxwell,Tim McLachlan,Steve McQuillan,Greg Danger Morrison,David J. Muzzerall,Nooroa Poa,Joshua Randall,Bob Reinsfield,Ken Reinsfield,Steve Reinsfield,Barrie Rice,Markos Rounthwaite,Vincent Roxburgh,George Marshall Ruge,Gene Sadler,Jeremy Sciascia,Paul Shapcott,Allan Smith,Bronson Steel,Andrew Stehlin,Johnny Sullivan,Billy Roy Taylor,Kyle Thomson,Marcus Thorne,Stuart Thorp,Jacob Tomuri,James Waterhouse-Brown,Tim Wong,Brendan Young,Robert Young,Saeed Zamiri,Sala Baker,Adam Campbell,Clint Carleton,Ben Cooke,Jonathan Costelloe,Aron Eastwood,Marcus Goldfinch,Glen Levy,Tony Marsh,Sharon Maxwell,Casey O Neill,Allan Poppleton,Shane Rangi,Campbell Rousselle,Abigail Turner,Tim Wong
Camera and Electrical Department Steve Allanson,Dave Anderson,David Arm,Mike Arthur,Kane Asher,Andrew Ayrton,Alan Baird-Smith,Brian Bansgrove,Jon Barltrop,Neil Benseman,George Binnersley,Phil Blackburn,Nigel Bluck,Richard Bluck,Alun Bollinger,Lucy Bowey,Jacob Bridge,David Brown,Jenny Bundellu,Nigel Burton,Ross Butler,Simon Byers,John Cavill,Colin Chase,Adam Clark,Giles Coburn,Olly Coleman,Jamie Couper,Alex Cross,Simon Currie,Tim Dallas,John Day,Colin Deane,Matt Denton,Richard Elworthy,Ants Farrell,Jac Fitzgerald,Annie Frear,Gerry Ganger,Callan Green,Huw Griffiths,Allen Guilford,Rewa Harre,Harry Harrison,Dion Hartley,Grant Harvey,Stephen Head,Richard Poss Hogan,Stacey Hoggard,Michael Hughes,Blair Ihaka,Dennys Ilic,Regan Jones,Terry Joosten,Tony Keddy,Sean Kelly,James Kennedy,Rob Kerr,Mike Knudsen,Stephanie Kuttner,Damien Kwocksun,Brian Laird,Gilly Lawrence,Simon Lythgoe,Nigel Maclaurin,Craig Madoc,Michaela Maguire,Keri Manuel,Rob Marsh,Sam Marshal,Henare Mato,Dean Maxted,Peter McCaffrey,Dean McCarroll,Ian McCarroll,Kylie McConnell,Andrew McGeorge,Hamish McIntyre,Cameron McLean,Sam McLean,Rob Mita,Doug Monte,Louise Moore,Reuben Morrison,Gerald Morse,Miles Murphy,Paul Murphy,Blair Muschamp,Greg Nalder,Jason Naran,Jamie Nevill,Jens Normann,Chris Palmer,Matthew Parsons,Phil Pastuhov,Nick Payne,Warrick Peace,Nigel Percy,Craig Potton,Dan Rabarts,Simon Raby,Aaron Rangi,Mathew Ranginui,Simon Ranginui,Ulric Raymond,Van Redin,Tony Reed,Andy Reid,Melissa Ririnui,Jason Robertson,Jim Rowe,Chris Ruane,Paul Samuels,Luke Saulbrey,Paul Sawtell,Damon Selkirk,Richard Shaw,Marc Sim,Harry Slowey,Peter Smith,Philip A.T. Smith,Stewart Sorby,Byron Sparrow,Alfie Speight,Anthony Stehr,Joe Stick,Andrew Stroud,Anthony Sumich,Geoff Tait,Luke Thomas,Justin Topzand,Edward Tyrie,Gerry Vasbenter,Hansel Verkerk,Pierre Vinet,Angus Ward,Simon Ward,Keith Watkins,Jason White,Jennie Winter,Malcolm York,Wayne Zubritzky,Neil Cervin,Chris Coad,Kevin Donovan,Roger Feenstra,Adrian Hebron,Mark Prebble,Aniko Safran,Jonathan Woolf
Animation Department Paul Booth,Kevin Robert Kyle,Carlos M. Rosas
Casting Department Victoria Beynon-Cole,Tina Cleary,Amanda Duncan,Amy Hubbard,John Hubbard,Cynthia Morahan,Abdul-Majeed Moulvi,Liz Mullane,Miranda Rivers,Ann Robinson,Louis Elman
Costume and Wardrobe Department Catherine Anderton,Martine Bijker,Liza Bishop,Dion Boothby,Anna Bosley,Chantelle Bowkett,Sam Brown,Tom Caddy,Susan Casey,Miriam Christie,Troy Climo,Monique Cornes,Loan Thi Dang,Catherine Dawson,Libby Dempster,Tracy Duffy,Jasmin Easterbrook,Sian Evans,Carolyn M. Fenton,Sue Franklin,Paula Goodall,Tammy Green,Erica Hackell,Joy Hanson,Cilla Harnett,Emma Harre,Alison Hill,Jessica Joe,Francesca King,Simone Knight,Pauline Laws,Pip Lingard,Emma Lumley,Jamie MacEwan,Janis MacEwan,Paula MacEwan,Hayley May,Lachlan Mayclair,Ylona McGinty,Liz McGregor,Sophie Mills,Josh Morris,Amanda Neale,Mirinda Penny,Andrea Plested,Kristelle Plummer,Dallas Poll,Cathy Pope,Kerry Robinson,Julie Zavala Ron,Sheree Roud,Silvana Sacco,Kirsten Sach,Sarah Shepherd,Jackie Speedy,Siosi Tamapoulu,Annie Tatton,Jasmine Watson,Jane Wilson,Sam Wilson,Silvana Sacco
Editorial Department David Birrell,Annie Collins,Jack Deutchman,Megan Doneman,Bob Doyle,Peter Doyle,Haley French,Mark Hawthorne,Jenny Hicks,C. Ian Jones,Brent Kaviar,Grace Lan,Jody Levin,Damian McDonnell,Mark Miessner,Patrick C Miller,Shanon Moratti,Jon Newell,Steve Pang,Megan Powlds,Lynne Reed,Michelle Robertson,Peter Skarratt,Brett Skinner,Jonathan Woodford-Robinson,Victoria Chu,D. Todd Deeken,S. Scott Farrar,Allison Gibbons,Michael Hatzer,Jim Passon,Royce Smith
Location Management David Comer,Jared Connon,Mathew Gordon,Robin Murphy,Nick Oliver,Richard Sharkey,Nathan Sim,Peter Tonks,Harry Whitehurst,Alicia Williams,Emily Ireland,Melanie Turner
Music Department Roger Argente,Ann Barnard,Jacqueline Barron,Mark Berrow,Daniel Bhattacharya,Richard Bissill,Leon Bosch,Paul Broucek,Jim Bruening,Nicholas Bucknall,Heather Cairncross,Edward Cervenka,Peter Cobbin,Richard Cookson,Ruth Cornes,Mike Cox,Chris Cozens,Eric Crees,Andrew Crowley,Peter Davies,Ann De Renais,David Donaldson,Neil Draper,Andrew Dudman,Marie Ebbing,Richard Edwards,Terry Edwards,Karen Elliott,Sarah Eyden,Rob Fardell,Malcolm Fife,Andrew Findon,Renée Fleming,Vic Fraser,James Galway,Becca Gatrell,Paul Golding,Jeff Grace,Mark Graham,Nick Gray,Isobel Griffiths,Ian Hayter,Jan Hendrickse,Andrew Hewitt,Mike Hext,Mike Hornett,Richard Ihnatowicz,Nadia Jeddaoui,Erik Jordan,Skaila Kanga,Simon Kiln,John Kurlander,Richard Lancaster,Greg Laporta,Julian Leaper,Gabrielle Lester,Alex Letts,Roger Linley,The London Oratory School Schola,London Voices,David Long,Helen Jane Long,Mike Lovatt,Kevin Mahonchak,Steve Mair,Michael McCarthy,Roy Moore,Maurice Murphy,Everton Nelson,Dan Newell,Daniel Nielsen,Anna Noakes,Sam Okell,Stephen Pelluet,Lowell Pickett,Charles Portney,Jason Poss,Michael Price,Steven Price,Piers Ritchie,Steve Roche,Janet Roddick,Ralph Salmins,Gaby Santinelli,Edmund Saunders,Jonathan Schultz,Nigel Scott,James Shannon,Lindsay Shilling,Howard Shore,Lori Silfen,Gareth Small,Peter Snipp,Jonathan Snowden,Tim Starnes,Dave Stewart,Mirek Stiles,Jill Streater,Mike Thompson,Ian Titman,Helen Tunstall,Lawrence Wallington,John F.X. Walsh,Hugo Ward,Rachel Weston,Bruce White,Robert White,John Whitfield,Jonathan Williams,Mark Willsher,Ben Wilson,Rolf Wilson,Toby Wood,John Wriggle,Warren Zielinski,Seth Boggess,Rachel Bolt,Danny Bramson,Jason Cienkus,Peter Jackson,Paul Kegg,Timmy Olmstead,Howard Shore,Alicja Smietana,Michael Teoli,Allen Walley,Toby Wood
Script and Continuity Department Veronique Lawrence,Helen McNamara,Dianne Moffatt,Oksana Sokol,Victoria Sullivan
Transportation Department Bruce Bartley,Ravi Dube,Rob Faint,Spencer Faulkner,Arthur Fell,Aaron Gibson,Reg Gibson,Betty Graham,Kent Greenwood,Steve Harvey,Alistair Howden,Stuart Karena,Isaac Lane,Arthur Matthews,Carl McHugh,Jerram Murray,Murray O Neil,Brent Ormsby,Simon Rebis,Karen Russell,Glenn Shaw,Michael Strickland,Tamsin Webber,Swampy Marsh
Additional Crew Jane Abbott,Janine Abery,Bob Anderson,Dave Andrews,Elena Azuola,Rick Baer,Stephen Bayliss,Len Baynes,Emma Bendell,Jarl Benzon,Andrew Black,Kelly Black,Jan Blenkin,Melissa Booth,Mark Bowden,Billy Boyd,Kristie Breslin,Tanya Buchanan,Bob Buck,Andy Buckley,Elaine Burt,Steve Butler,Andy Bygraves,Carey Cambridge,Philip Capil,Alice Capper-Starr,Briar Carter,Jenny Carter,Graham Carthew,Laurie Cartwright,Linda Cartwright,Roisin Carty,Mac Caudill,Suzanne Celeste,Praphaphorn Fon Chansantor,Dion Church,Basil Clapham,Peter Clarke,Andrew Cochrane,Paul Constable,Matthew Cooper,Kandy Corvette,Mathew Cutfield,Anne-Marie Davenport,Jon Davidson,Ben Del Maestro,Matthew Dravitzki,Robyn Dunmore,Lyle W. Edge,Jeff Egan,Deborah Fox,Jo Friesen,Dominique Fromont,Jason Frost-Evans,Carla Gammons,Richard Gardner,Narretta Gascoigne,Aston Gavey,Marcus Gaylor,Tom George,Reece Geraghty,Jenny Gibbons,Emily Glatter,Simpson Grierson,Jonathan Roy Grindlay,Tim Haigh,Robert Halcrow,Jonathan Harding,Cilla Harnett,Niki Harris,Vance Hartwell,Mike Hayden,Christina Hazard,Liz Hewson,Jason Hill,Jessica Hogan,Vicky Holden,Jennifer Horvath,Brian Hotter,Kevin Howarth,Pania Howe,Rebecca Howell,Katie Hutchinson,Pino Insegno,H. Matthew Israel,Andrew Jack,Craig Jackson,Marcus James,Dave Johnson,Penelope M. Jones,Cindy Kahu,Bhoja BK Kannada,Scott Kanyuck,Jocelyn Karaitiana,Max Kelly,Heather Kinaston-Smith,Mark Kinaston-Smith,Kenny King,Chris Kirkham,Karl Payne Kite-Rangi,Linda Klein-Nixon,Stuart Knight,Rob Koch,Jake Koroi,Emily Lascelles,Jamie Lawrence,Josie Leckie,Ray Lenaghan,Gentiane Lupi,Rochelle Mabey,Caroline MacKay,Brian Mahony,Noa Malaulau,Tim Mansell,Sebastian Marr,Hamish Matheson,Andrew Matthews,Averil Mawhinney,Anthony May,Ann McCaw,Marty McCormack,Wayne McCormack,Robbie Miller,Mike Minogue,Eric Monette,Jenny Morgan,Kerrie Morgan,Kivani Moriarty,Viggo Mortensen,Jennifer Mount,Diane Moynagh,Tristan Murdoch,Linus Murphy,Nigel Nally,Duncan Nimmo,Carter Nixon,Warren O Keefe,Con O Neill,Steve Old,Star Olson,Sam Orbell,John Osborne,Craig Parker,Craig Pontifex,Wesley Priest,Paul Prokop,Jacqui Pryor,Philippa Race,Paul Randall,Claire Raskind,Richard Reiner,Don Reynolds,Paul Sled Reynolds,Missy Rika,Brent Robb,Suzanne Rosencrans,Mark Ross,Merrin Ruck,Christopher Rutten,David Salo,Niccola Sanderson,Paulina Saxton,John Scott,John Scott,Julianna Selfridge,Brian Sergent,Andy Serkis,Kiran Shah,Phil Shaw,Emma Simmers,Adam Slade,Heather Small,Andrew Smith,Lee Sommerville,Jill Soper,Andy South,Holger Spill,Sarah Spurway,Denise Steele,Karl Steiglbauer,Janice Street,Catarina Strom,Jeanne Stuart,Dianne Sugden,Fa Suluvave,Helene Takacs,Dion Tamihana,Carl Taylor,Patrick Thomas,Sonya Thompsen,Sue Thompson,Barry Thomson,Joel Tobeck,Brenna Townshend,Gary Tudor,Dave Turnbull,Melanie Turner,Natasha Turner,Neville Turner,Marc Tyron,Angela van de Weerdhof,Kosta Vatselias,Winston Walker,Angela Waller,Julia Walshaw,Cowan Wards,Jenny Wards,Graham Ware Jr.,Tam Webster,Gary Wells,Georgina White,Andy Wickens,Sonya Wickham,Wayne Red Wickman,David Williams,Hughie Williams-Karaitiana,Alan Woodruff,Ngaire Woods,Tony Woolf,Damon Wyman,Will Yonge,Helen Young,Janine Abery,Bianca Bezdek-Goodloe,Dorothy Anne Bonner,Bob Bridges,Ronald C. Briggs Jr.,Gina Deakin,Michael Elsworth,Ben Fransham,Rod Fransham,Felicity Hamill,Fraser Hesketh,Pam Hislop,Sean Jordan,Jean-Paul Leonard,Francel Diaz Leñero,Kirk Maxwell,Ian Murray,Bruce Phillips,Jeremy Shaw,Sissel,Damon J. Taylor,Robbie Titchener,Daniel Villagomez,Karl Zohrab
Thanks Andreas Ahlmann,Brian Bansgrove,Elizabeth Cotnoir,Gabe de Kelaita,Cameron Duncan,Carla Fry,Ryan J. Gilmer,Barbara Glazer,Richard Glenn,Mike Greenfeld,Bill Jackson,Joan Jackson,Ken Kamins,Rodney Knight,Aine Leicht,Hamish McHardy,Peter Nelson,Jim Passon,Phillip Prior,Scott Reynolds,Brent Robb,Tom Shippey,Lars Johan Steinsvik,Bill Welden,Beverly Wood
Genres Action, Adventure, Drama
Companies New Line Cinema, WingNut Films, The Saul Zaentz Company
Countries New Zealand, USA
Languages English, Quenya, Old English, Sindarin
ContentRating PG-13
ImDbRating 9
ImDbRatingVotes 1816500
MetacriticRating 94
Keywords epic,orc,middle earth,hobbit,ring