Days of Thunder
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Days of Thunder is a 1990 American romantic sports action drama film released by Paramount Pictures, produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer and directed by Tony Scott. The cast includes Tom Cruise, Nicole Kidman, Robert Duvall, Randy Quaid, Cary Elwes, Caroline Williams, and Michael Rooker. The film also features appearances by real life NASCAR racers, such as Richard Petty, Rusty Wallace, Neil Bonnett, and Harry Gant. Commentator Dr. Jerry Punch, of ESPN, has a cameo appearance, as does co-producer Don Simpson.

This is the first of three films to star both Cruise and Kidman (the other two being Far and Away and Eyes Wide Shut). The film received mixed reviews, with criticism aimed at its unrealistic special effects, characters, screenplay, acting, dialogue and similarities to Top Gun, but was widely praised for its action sequences, Hans Zimmer s musical score, fast pace, and the performances of Cruise and Kidman.


Young racer Cole Trickle, from Eagle Rock, California, has years of experience in open-wheel racing, winning championships with the World of Outlaws. Originally setting his sights on the Indianapolis 500, Cole realizes that to win in Indy I d need a great car, but stock cars are all the same . Chevrolet dealership tycoon Tim Daland recruits him to race for his team in the NASCAR Winston Cup Series, bringing former crew chief and car builder Harry Hogge out of retirement to lead Cole s pit crew (Harry had left NASCAR a year prior to avoid investigation involving the death of driver Buddy Bretherton). After Cole sets a fast time in a private test at Charlotte Motor Speedway, Hogge builds him a new Chevrolet Lumina.

Cole makes his first start at Phoenix, where he has difficulty adjusting to the larger NASCAR stock cars and communicating with his crew, while being intimidated on the track by Winston Cup Champion and dirty driver Rowdy Burns; these obstacles, combined with crashes and blown engines, prevent Cole from finishing the next three races at Bristol, Dover, and Rockingham. Cole confesses to Harry that he does not understand any common NASCAR terminology, leading Harry to put him through rigorous training. This pays off at Darlington, when Cole uses a slingshot maneuver from the outside line to overtake Rowdy and win his first race.

The rivalry between Cole and Rowdy intensifies throughout the season until the Firecracker 400 at Daytona, where both drivers are seriously injured after being caught in The Big One . Recovering in Daytona Beach, Cole develops a romantic relationship with Dr. Claire Lewicki, a neurosurgeon at a local hospital. NASCAR President Big John brings Rowdy and Cole together in a meeting and warns them that he and his sport will no longer tolerate any misbehavior from the two rivals. The two bitter rivals soon become close friends after having dinner and settling their differences by smashing rental cars in a race on the beach, per Big John s persuasion.

Daland hires hot-shot rookie Russ Wheeler to fill Cole s seat until Cole returns, and then expands his team, with Daland now fielding two teams – the second car driven by Wheeler, of which Harry disapproves. Though Cole shows signs of his old self, he falls into a new rivalry with Russ, leading to an engine failure at Atlanta. Daland offers no help to Cole or his team, as he is defensive of his new driver. At North Wilkesboro, Russ blocks Cole s path during their pit stop, and later forces Cole into the outside wall on the last lap to win the race. Cole retaliates by crashing into Russ car after the race, leading to a fight between Harry, Daland, and both of Cole and Russ s pit crews, with Daland firing both Cole and Harry in the process.

Rowdy learns he has to undergo brain surgery to fix a broken blood vessel, and asks Cole to drive his car at the Daytona 500 so his sponsor will pay for the year. Cole reluctantly agrees and convinces Harry to return as his crew chief. Hours prior to the race, Harry discovers metal in the oil pan, a sign of engine failure, and manages to procure a new engine from Daland, who still believes in his former driver s promise. During the race, Cole s car is spun out by Russ and suffers a malfunctioning transmission, but the combined efforts of Harry s and Daland s pit crews manage to fix the problem and get Cole back on the lead lap. On the final lap, Russ predicts that Cole will attempt his signature slingshot maneuver from outside, but Cole tricks him with a crossover, overtaking him from the inside to win his first Daytona 500.

Cole drives into Victory Lane, where he and his pit crew celebrate with Claire. He approaches Harry, sitting alone, who is lost for words. Cole asks Harry to walk with him and Harry agrees, challenging him to a foot race to Victory Lane.


  • Tom Cruise as Cole Trickle, a young race car driver out to make a name for himself in NASCAR. He drives the No. 46 City Chevrolet, the SuperFlo Chevrolet and later the No. 51 Mello Yello Chevrolet. The character was patterned after Tim Richmond, while his name is a nod to veteran racer Dick Trickle.
  • Robert Duvall as Harry Hogge, Cole s crew chief (patterned after Harry Hyde).
  • Randy Quaid as Tim Daland, a wealthy car dealership and race team owner who first recruits Cole into NASCAR (patterned after Rick Hendrick).
  • Nicole Kidman as Dr. Claire Lewicki, a neurosurgeon who develops a relationship with Cole.
  • Michael Rooker as Rowdy Burns, the current Winston Cup Champion and Cole s first rival and friend. He drives the No. 51 Exxon Chevrolet (patterned after Dale Earnhardt).
  • John C. Reilly as Buck Bretherton, Cole s car chief.
  • Cary Elwes as Russ Wheeler, a rookie driver who fills in for Cole, but later on becomes his teammate and bitter rival. He drives the No. 18 Hardee s Chevrolet (patterned after Rusty Wallace).
  • Fred Thompson as Big John, president of NASCAR (patterned after Big Bill France).
  • J. C. Quinn as Waddell, Rowdy s crew chief.
  • Nick Searcy as a highway patrol officer.

Richard Petty, Rusty Wallace, Neil Bonnett, Harry Gant, and Dr. Jerry Punch all appear in cameo roles as themselves. Bob Jenkins had a voice-over role as a public address announcer, and his ESPN colleagues Benny Parsons and Ned Jarrett portray radio announcers.

In addition, actress Margo Martindale is seen in her first film role, as Harry s timekeeper, while Don Simpson, one of the film s producers, has a cameo as driver Aldo Bennedetti, patterned after Mario Andretti and using his twin brother Aldo Andretti s first name.


Principal photography took place in early 1990 in and around Charlotte and Daytona Beach. It was plagued with delays due to frequent arguments on set between Simpson and Bruckheimer, Scott, and sometimes Towne over how to set up a shot. Crew members sat idle for long hours; some later said they had accumulated enough overtime pay to go on vacation for a full four months after filming was completed. The completion date was pushed back many times, with filming being completed in early May, three months later than it had originally been scheduled. At one point, following the third revision of the shooting schedule in a single day, the unit production manager, who represents the studio on the set or location, confronted Simpson and Bruckheimer and was told bluntly that the schedule no longer mattered.

In Daytona, Simpson and Bruckheimer spent $400,000 to have a vacant storefront in their hotel converted into their private gym, with a large neon sign reading Days of Thunder. Simpson also kept a closet full of Donna Karan dresses to offer the attractive women his assistants found on the beach, and held private parties with friends like rapper Tone Lōc. Towne also played a role in the film s increasing cost by scrapping more barn scenes when he didn t like either of two barns built to his specifications. The film s original budget of $35 million nearly doubled; at that level it would have had to make at least $100 million, a rare gross at that time, to break even. In addition, when Tom Cruise lost the Oscar for Born on the Fourth of July, some additional budget was cut. Despite the budget overruns and delays, reportedly it was only after shooting was finished that the filmmakers discovered they had neglected to film Cole Trickle s car crossing the finish line at Daytona. Nine million dollars of the film s budget plus gross percentage went to star Tom Cruise.

With the delay in completion of filming and no delay in release date, post production had to be completed in five weeks rather than the five months it would normally take for such a film.

Race cars

The cars used as those of Cole Trickle, Rowdy Burns, and Russ Wheeler were provided by Hendrick Motorsports, with racers Greg Sacks, Tommy Ellis, Bobby Hamilton, and Hut Stricklin as the stand-in drivers. In order to provide authentic race footage involving the cars, these cars were actually raced on three occasions. In late 1989, Hamilton and Sacks raced at Phoenix. Hamilton officially qualified fifth and led a lap before his engine blew. In 1990, the cars were raced again at Daytona and Darlington. Sacks drove a car during the Busch Clash, while Hamilton and Ellis drove unscored entries in the Daytona 500. At Darlington, Stricklin and Sacks drove two of the cars, but both were pulled from the race early after Sacks broke a crankshaft. Cole s first car in the film is sponsored by City Chevrolet, a real-life car dealership in Charlotte, North Carolina, owned by Rick Hendrick.


The score for Days of Thunder was composed by Hans Zimmer, with Jeff Beck making a guest appearance on guitar. This was the first of an ongoing list of films in which Zimmer would compose the score for a Jerry Bruckheimer production. An official score album was not released until 2013, by La-La Land Records. The film s theme song Last Note of Freedom was sung by David Coverdale of the band Whitesnake at the request of Tom Cruise himself. Coverdale s vocal parts were recorded in 1990 in Los Angeles during a day off of the Whitesnake Slip of the Tongue Liquor and Poker world tour. Show Me Heaven , written and sung by Maria McKee, reached number one in the music charts of the UK, Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway.


Days of Thunder was released on Wednesday, June 27, 1990. The film was a financial success grossing $157,920,733. The film was also successful on home video, grossing $40 million in rentals.

Home media

Having been previously released on VHS and then DVD, Days of Thunder was released as the fifth film entry in the Paramount Presents series on remastered Blu-ray in May 2020. A 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray was also released the same day. Extra features include a new Isolated Score and a six-minute featurette – Filmmaker Focus: Days of Thunder with Producer Jerry Bruckheimer.


Critical response

The film received mixed reviews from critics who mostly shrugged off the sometimes over-the-top special effects and plot which greatly resembled the earlier Bruckheimer, Simpson, Scott and Cruise vehicle Top Gun, which had been hugely successful four years earlier. Halliwell s Film Guide dismissed Days of Thunder as An over familiar story rendered no more interestingly than usual , while the Monthly Film Bulletin described it as simply a flashy, noisy star vehicle for Tom Cruise, one which – like the stock car he drives – goes around in circles getting nowhere . It holds a rating of 38% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 65 reviews, with the site s consensus stating: Days of Thunder has Tom Cruise and plenty of flash going for it, but they aren t enough to compensate for the stock plot, two-dimensional characters, and poorly written dialogue. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Sound (Charles M. Wilborn, Donald O. Mitchell, Rick Kline and Kevin O Connell).


Following Tony Scott s death in 2012, film critic Stephen Metcalf argued that the film marked an important turning point in the history of the American film industry. The best film he made may well have been Crimson Tide, he wrote in Slate, but the most important film he made was Days of Thunder. The excesses of its production and its failure to equal Top Gun s magnitude of box-office success, he argues, helped end the era that had followed the failure of Heaven s Gate ten years earlier. The studio s willingness to indulge director Michael Cimino on that film, as other studios had been doing up to that point, led to a backlash where studios favored producers like Simpson and Bruckheimer whose films bore far more of their imprint than any director who worked for them. Crimson Tide, made several years after Days of Thunder, was the critical and commercial success it was, Metcalf says, because after similar excesses on the producers part like those that occurred on Thunder directors were allowed to reassert themselves.

Quentin Tarantino said the film was his favorite big budget racing movie:

Yeah, yeah, you laugh but seriously I’m a big fan. To me Days of Thunder is the movie Grand Prix and Le Mans should have been. Sure, it had a big budget, big stars and a big director in Tony Scott, but it had the fun of those early AIP movies. I just don t think it works if you take the whole thing too seriously.

Popular culture

While the movie was neither based on a true story, nor a biographical film, the main character Cole Trickle was very loosely based on the careers of Tim Richmond and Geoff Bodine, and several scenes reenacted or referenced real-life stories and personalities from NASCAR history. The scene where Big John tells Cole and Rowdy they will drive to dinner together is based on an actual meeting Bill France Jr. had in the 1980s between Dale Earnhardt Sr. and Geoff Bodine. Richard Childress and Dale Earnhardt Jr. discussed how Days of Thunder was based on the rivalry between Earnhardt Sr. and Bodine. One scene in which Cole deliberately blows his engine by over-revving it reflects upon an incident in which Tim Richmond was said to have done at Michigan in 1987. In another scene, Trickle is told he cannot pit because the crew is too busy eating ice cream. This incident actually occurred at the 1987 Southern 500 involving the Hendrick Motorsports No. 35 team with crew chief Harry Hyde and Richmond s replacement driver Benny Parsons. The scene where Cole and Rowdy destroy a pair of rental cars by racing them through the city streets loosely referenced early 1950s NASCAR superstars Joe Weatherly and Curtis Turner, each of whom were known to rent cars, race, and crash them with abandon. In the final race at Daytona, Harry tells Cole they had to change engines; when asked where the engine came from, Harry says we stole it when in reality it came from his previous owner Tim. In the final race at Atlanta in 1990, the championship race between Earnhardt and Mark Martin was neck and neck; Martin did not feel any of his cars were good enough, so Robert Yates allowed Roush Racing to borrow one of Davey Allison s cars for a test run and the race as Yates wanted a Ford to win the championship. Earnhardt edged out Martin by 26 points for the championship.

A year after the film s release, the fictional Mello Yello sponsorship depicted on Trickle s No. 51 car was followed by a real-life sponsorship arrangement. The No. 42 Pontiac of SABCO Racing driven by Kyle Petty carried the paint scheme from 1991 to 1994. Mello Yello also sponsored the fall race at Charlotte from 1990 to 1994. At the 2013 Subway Firecracker 250, driver Kurt Busch had his unsponsored No. 1 Phoenix Racing Chevy painted to resemble Cole Trickle s No. 46 City Chevrolet car as part of an awareness campaign for the Armed Forces Foundation.

The Darlington throwback race weekend has also seen drivers race with paint schemes based on those from the film. The 2015 Bojangles Southern 500 saw the Mello Yello car on the No. 42 Chevy of Kyle Larson. Rick Ware Racing executed the throwback in 2017 for Cody Ware s No. 51, but with a Pray for Texas message in support of the survivors of Hurricane Harvey. At the following year s race, RWR s No. 51 for B. J. McLeod resembled Russ Wheeler s No. 18 Hardee s car, but with Jacob Companies as the sponsor. In 2019, the City Chevrolet paint scheme returned on the No. 24 Hendrick Motorsports car of William Byron. The NASCAR Xfinity Series 2019 Darlington race saw the No. 51 of Jeremy Clements use a paint scheme resembling Rowdy Burns Exxon car, but with as the sponsor.

The 2006 film Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby, which also stars Reily, features a reference to the movie when the titular character is traumatized into thinking he is on fire and calls Tom Cruise for help, referring to the film as a Witchcraft movie .

In 2015, M&M s released a promo video on YouTube to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Days of Thunder and to promote M&M s Crispy. The video features driver Kyle Busch and crew chief Adam Stevens parodying scenes from the film.

Video games

In 1990, Mindscape released a video game adaptation of the film for multiple platforms such as the PC, NES and Amiga. A Game Boy version was released in 1992. The game was available for the PlayStation Network and iOS. Paramount Digital Entertainment released a new video game based on the film for the iOS, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and PlayStation Portable. iOS version was released in 2009 and other versions were released in 2011. The game includes 12 NASCAR sanctioned tracks—including Daytona International Speedway and Talladega Superspeedway—and the film characters Cole Trickle, Rowdy Burns, and Russ Wheeler. The PS3 version, labeled Days of Thunder: NASCAR Edition has more than 12 select NASCAR Sprint Cup drivers, including Denny Hamlin, Ryan Newman and Tony Stewart.

Year 1990
ReleaseDate 1990-06-27
RuntimeMins 107
RuntimeStr 1h 47min
Plot A young hot-shot stock car driver gets his chance to compete at the top level.
Awards Nominated for 1 Oscar, 1 win & 2 nominations total
Directors Tony Scott
Writers Robert Towne, Tom Cruise
Stars Tom Cruise, Nicole Kidman, Robert Duvall
Produced by Jerry Bruckheimer,Gerald R. Molen,Don Simpson
Music by Hans Zimmer
Cinematography by Ward Russell
Film Editing by Robert C. Jones,Chris Lebenzon,Bert Lovitt,Michael Tronick,Stuart Waks,Billy Weber
Casting By David Rubin
Art Direction by Benjamín Fernández,Thomas E. Sanders
Set Decoration by Thomas L. Roysden
Costume Design by Susan Becker
Makeup Department Gabriel Borgo,Virginia G. Hadfield,Rick Sharp,Sloan Smith,Ellen Wong
Production Management Gerald R. Molen
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director Michael Helfand,Scott Metcalfe,Michael Neumann,David Robertson,Jason Saville,James W. Skotchdopole
Art Department Cliff Bergman,Ron Breedlove,Klaus-Dieter Ernst,Randy Gunter,Ronald C. Jacobs,Sherman Labby,Tony Leonardi,James Lima,Joe Lozano,Brent Regan,Terry Scott,John Villarino,Mike Villarino,Gerald Wade,Mark Wade,Roger Winiger,Chris Zimmerman,Clyde Zimmerman,Cary Conway,Herman McEachin
Sound Department Sandina Bailo-Lape,John Benson,Pamela Bentkowski,James Beshears,Noah Blough,Irene Bowers,Fred Burke,Ed Callahan,Larry Carow,James Cavarretta,Midge Costin,David DeGeus,Jay Dranch,Ezra Dweck,Thom Coach Ehle,Juno J. Ellis,John P. Fasal,Howell Gibbens,Jeffrey J. Haboush,Cecelia Hall,Frank Howard,Robert Hyams,Chris Ingram,James J. Isaacs,Ken J. Johnson,Jack Keller,Rick Kline,Michael Magill,Victoria Martin,Harry B. Miller III,F. Hudson Miller,Donald O. Mitchell,Kevin O Connell,Donald Ortiz,R.J. Palmer,Cheryl Pruet,Steve Richardson,Greg P. Russell,Christopher C. Schiavo,Kenneth Schwarz,Corinne Sessarego,John Sheridan,Craig Sims,Beth Sterner,Marcy Stoeven,George Watters II,Gordon Webb,Charles M. Wilborn,Karen G. Wilson,Greg Curda,Sandy Gendler,Matthew Harrison,Jack Tucker,Mark Weber
Special Effects by Danny Lester,Steve Luport,Frank Tucker,Thomas R. Ward,Al Wininger
Stunts Tom Bahr,Chick Bernhard,Steve Boyum,William H. Burton Jr.,Steven Chambers,Clarke Coleman,Steve M. Davison,Eddy Donno,Alex Edlin,Tom Elliott,David R. Ellis,Richard M. Ellis,Gary Epper,Richard Epper,Steve Holladay,Billy Hank Hooker,Buddy Joe Hooker,Norman Howell,Gary Hymes,Tony Kahana,Carey Loftin,Pat McGroarty,Gary McLarty,John Meier,Bob Orrison,Chad Randall,J.N. Roberts,Danny Rogers,Ronnie Rondell Jr.,R.A. Rondell,Ric Roman Waugh,Rhonda Waymire,Glenn R. Wilder,Scott Wilder,Dick Ziker,Bob Bragg,Gigi Collins,Thomas J. Larsen,Allan Padelford,Greg Sacks,Kevin Ward
Camera and Electrical Department Jamie Barber,Benjamin Centoducati,Dan Delgado,Bill Finger,Vance Gage,Anthony Gaudioz,Michael Genne,Warren Burke Gerrard,Thomas Gibson,Richard Jones,John Kirk,Hilary Klym,Greg Langham,Frank Mathews,William McConnell,Charles Mills,Paul Murphey,Allan Padelford,Aaron Pazanti,J. Michael Popovich,Gregory J. Schmidt,John Skotchdopole,James Sweet,Larry Sweet,Robert Ulland,Stephen Vaughan,Steve Adcock,Ben Bardin,Terry Bishop,Bruce Bullock,David S. Campbell,Chuck Cohen,C.W. Fallin,Ron Kunecke,John T. Martin,Mark Meyers,Louis Niemeyer,Alan Pickelsimer,Troy Pressley,Tony Rivetti,Riko Schatke,Bob Scott,Carl A. Vidnic,Greg Walters,Kevin Ward
Casting Department Craig Fincannon,Lisa Mae Fincannon,Barbara Harris,Debra Zane
Costume and Wardrobe Department Winnie D. Brown,Dawn Y. Line,Alfonso Renteria,Gary Sampson,James W. Tyson,Pat Wilcox,Lois DeArmond,Wingate Jones,Mark Peterson
Editorial Department Tony Ciccone,Daniel Craven,Craig Galloway,Ron Lambert,Hope Moskowitz,Bob Putynkowski,Lauren A. Schaffer,Christian Wagner
Location Management Robert Doyle,Pat Hall,Allen Tinkley
Music Department Bruce Fowler,Christopher Kennedy,Kathy Nelson,Jay Rifkin,Shirley Walker,Jeff Beck,David Campbell,Orion Crawford,Paulinho Da Costa,Kirke Godfrey,Dan Goldwasser,Randy Jackson,Mark Mancina,Dean Parks,Tim Pierce,John Robinson,Lonnie Sill,James Thatcher,Michael Thompson,John Van Tongeren
Script and Continuity Department Larry K. Johnson,Jillian Amburgey,Karolyn Austen-Povorotney
Transportation Department Dave Amberik,Steve Bunyea,Robert Collins,Richard A. Davis,Andy DeNicholas,John Feinblatt,Dennis Freudenberg,David Garris,Judge Harrison,Marlo Hellerstein,Lorin Jordan,David Marder,Billy Ramirez,Greg Sacks,Jim Sullivan,John J. Sullivan,David Turner,Greg Van Dyke,Doug Wilson,Rodd Wolff,Gina August,Michael Avallon,Joseph Bearman,Roy A. Grace
Additional Crew Douglas Aarniokoski,Todd J. Adelman,Nan Allendorfer,Amy Andrews,Tiffany Bertolami,Michael Bircumshaw,Nancy Blewer,Darcy Bowman,Steve Boyd,Lorion Bunyea,Beth Cahn,Deborah Cahn,Paul A. Calabria,Dan Curry,James Dew,Daniel T. Dorrance,Andrea Doven,Kirsten Everberg,Carolyn Freeman,Sue Frey,Frank Granado,Dan Greenwood,Crystal Hawkins,Tracy Hendershott,Rick Hendrick,Harry Hyde,Jimmy Johnson,Karla Kurz,Ernest H. Lauterio,Vanessa Norris,Heidi Ann Odum,Bob Orsi,Olivia Patton,Paul Payette,Brigitte Prochaska,Jerry Punch,Kenny Rivenbark,Greg Sacks,Kevin Schmidt,Jake Scott,David Thorne,Diana Tinkley,Jim Turner,Jeff Vine,James L. Wiggins,Brad Wilson,Frank D. Woodward,Boris Beaubien,Boyce R. Doyle,George Halstead,Robert Lamkin,Marko Realmonte,Denyse Rossi,Matthew Schmidt,Tony Suber,Robert Bobby Z Zajonc
Genres Action, Drama, Sport
Companies Don Simpson/Jerry Bruckheimer Films
Countries USA
Languages English, French
ContentRating PG-13
ImDbRating 6.1
ImDbRatingVotes 89075
MetacriticRating 60
Keywords ticklishness,motor vehicle,motor car,cool,vehicle