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War Horse is a 2011 war film directed and produced by Steven Spielberg, from a screenplay written by Lee Hall and Richard Curtis, based on Michael Morpurgo s 1982 novel of the same name and its 2007 stage adaptation. The film s ensemble cast includes Jeremy Irvine (in his feature film debut), Peter Mullan, Emily Watson, Niels Arestrup, David Thewlis, Tom Hiddleston and Benedict Cumberbatch.
Set before and during World War I, it tells of the journey of Joey, a bay Irish Hunter horse raised by British teenager Albert (Irvine), as he is bought by the British Army, leading him to encounter numerous individuals and owners throughout Europe, all the while experiencing the tragedies of the war happening around him. DreamWorks Pictures acquired the film rights to the novel in December 2009, with Spielberg announced to direct the film in May 2010. Having directed many films set during World War II, it was his first film to tackle the events of World War I. Shot in England over 63 days, the production used 5,800 extras and 300 horses. Longtime Spielberg collaborators Kathleen Kennedy, Janusz Kamiński, Michael Kahn, Rick Carter, and John Williams all worked on the film as producer, cinematographer, editor, production designer, and composer, respectively.
Produced by DreamWorks Pictures and released worldwide by Touchstone Pictures, War Horse became a box-office success and was met with positive reviews. The film was named one of the top ten best films of 2011 by the American Film Institute and the National Board of Review, and was nominated for six Academy Awards (including Best Picture), two Golden Globe Awards, and five BAFTAs.
In 1912, a bay Irish Hunter is born in Devon, England. At an auction, farmer Ted Narracott outbids his landlord Lyons for the colt, to the dismay of his wife Rose, because the family needs a working horse that can plough the field, not an Irish Hunter. Their son Albert, accompanied by his best friend Andrew, names the colt Joey, and teaches him to come when he imitates an owl s call. The pair form a close bond. Against all odds, the horse and boy successfully plough a rocky field, saving the family s farm.
Rose shows Albert his father s medals from the Second Boer War, and gives him Ted s regimental pennant, confiding in Albert that his father carries physical and mental scars from the war.
In 1914, as war with Germany is declared, heavy rain ruins the family s crops, forcing Ted to sell Joey to the army. Albert is heartbroken and tries to stop the sale but is too late. Captain James Nicholls sees Albert s attachment to the horse and promises to look after Joey. Albert tries to enlist but is too young, and before the company departs, he ties his father s pennant to Joey s bridle and promises Joey he will find him.
Joey bonds with Topthorn, a black stallion with whom he is trained for his military role. The horses are deployed to Flanders with a flying column under the command of Nicholls and Major Stewart. They lead a cavalry charge through a German encampment, but the unit is decimated by machine gun fire. Nicholls is killed along with almost all his fellow cavalrymen and the Germans capture the horses.
Gunther, a young German soldier, is assigned to the care of Joey and Topthorn. When his younger brother Michael is sent to the front lines, Gunther takes the horses and the four of them desert. The German army soon tracks down the boys, who are shot for desertion, but the Germans leave without noticing the horses. They are found by a French girl named Emilie the next morning. German soldiers arrive at her grandfather s farm, but Emilie hides the horses in her bedroom. For her birthday, Emilie s grandfather allows her to ride Joey, but they run into the Germans who confiscate the horses. Emilie s grandfather keeps the pennant.
By 1918, Albert has finally enlisted and is now fighting alongside Andrew in the Second Battle of the Somme. After a British charge into no man s land, Albert and Andrew miraculously make it across to the German trench, where a gas bomb explodes. Andrew is killed by the gas attack while Albert survives, temporarily blinded.
The Germans use Joey and Topthorn to haul artillery, under the care of Private Hengelmann. He cares for them as best as he can, but Topthorn succumbs to exhaustion and dies. Devastated over the loss of an animal he came to care for, Hengelmann rebels against his commanders and is detained, but not before freeing Joey from his reins. Joey escapes, narrowly evading an oncoming tank, and gallops into no man s land, becoming entangled in barbed wire. Colin, a British soldier, makes his way to Joey under a white flag and tries to free him. Peter, a German soldier, comes over with wire cutters, and together they rescue Joey. To decide who should take the horse, they flip a coin, and Colin wins and guides the injured Joey to the British trench. Albert hears about Joey s rescue while recuperating. Just as Joey is about to be put down by a doctor who deems the horse too injured to recover, Joey hears Albert s owl call. Albert, his eyes still bandaged, is able to describe Joey in perfect detail, and the two are reunited. The doctor decides to nurse Joey back to health.
World War I ends, and Joey is ordered to be auctioned because only the horses of officers will return home. Albert s comrades raise a collection to bid for the horse. The auction is won by Emilie s grandfather, who implies that Emilie has died and the horse is all he has left of her. However, after Albert pleads with him, the old man recognizes the strength of the soldier s bond, and returns the pennant and Joey to Albert. Albert returns with Joey to his family s farm, embracing his mother and returning the pennant to his father, who extends his hand to him with pride, as Joey watches.
- Jeremy Irvine as Albert Narracott
- Peter Mullan as Ted Narracott
- Emily Watson as Rose Narracott
- Niels Arestrup as Grandfather
- David Thewlis as Lyons
- Tom Hiddleston as Captain James Nicholls
- Benedict Cumberbatch as Major Jamie Stewart
- Céline Buckens as Emilie
- Toby Kebbell as Colin
- Patrick Kennedy as Lieutenant Charlie Waverly
- Leonard Carow as Private Michael Schröder
- David Kross as Private Gunther Schröder
- Matt Milne as Andrew Easton
- Robert Emms as David Lyons
- Eddie Marsan as Sergeant Fry
- Nicolas Bro as Private Friedrich Hengelmann
- Rainer Bock as Brandt
- Hinnerk Schönemann as Peter
- Gary Lydon as Si Easton
- Geoff Bell as Sergeant Sam Perkins
- Liam Cunningham as British Army Doctor
- Sebastian Hulk as German Officer at Darm
- Gerard McSorley as Market Auctioneer
- Tony Pitts as Sergeant Martin
- Pip Torrens as Major Tompkins
- Philippe Nahon as French Auctioneer
- Jean-Claude Lecas as Butcher
- Julian Wadham as British Captain in Trench
- David Dencik as German Base Camp Officer
- Edward Bennett as Cavalry Recruiting Officer
- Johnny Harris as Infantry Recruiting Officer
- Tam Dean Burn as British Medic in Trench
- Maximilian Brückner as German Artillery Officer
- Maggie Ollerenshaw as the Narracotts neighbour
- Michael Ryan as British Trench Soldier #1
Background and development
Michael Morpurgo wrote the 1982 children s novel War Horse after meeting World War I veterans in the Devon village of Iddesleigh where he lived. One had been with the Devon Yeomanry and was involved with horses; Captain Budgett, another veteran in his village, was with the British cavalry and told Morpurgo how he had confided all his hopes and fears to his horse. Both told him of the horrific conditions and loss of life, human and animal, during the Great War. Morpurgo researched the subject further and learned that a million horses died on the British side; he extrapolated an overall figure of 10 million horse deaths on all sides. Of the million horses that were sent abroad from the UK, only 62,000 returned, the rest dying in the war or slaughtered in France for meat. The Great War had a massive and indelible impact on the UK s male population: 886,000 men died, one in eight of those who went to war, and 2% of the entire country s population. After observing a young boy with a stammer forming a fond relationship with and talking fluently to a horse at a farm run by Morpurgo s charity Farms for City Children, Morpurgo found a way to tell the story through the horse and its relations with the various people it meets before and during the course of the war: a young Devon farmboy, a British cavalry officer, a German soldier, and an old Frenchman and his granddaughter.
I won t kid you, it was more money than I ve ever been paid for anything I ve ever written. But that wasn t the temptation. The temptation was the chance for an iconic film about the First World War, perhaps as great as All Quiet on the Western Front with its overpowering sense of waste.
Morpurgo tried to adapt the book into a film screenplay, working for over five years with Simon Channing-Williams, which would ultimately go unproduced. The book was successfully adapted for a stage play by Nick Stafford in 2007. From 2006 to 2009, Morpurgo, Lee Hall and Revel Guest worked on a proposed film version of War Horse, which Morpurgo and Hall would write and Guest produce. Lack of finances meant that it was an informal arrangement, with the film rights not formally sold by Morpurgo to Guest s production company and no one being paid for the work they undertook. In 2009, film producer Kathleen Kennedy saw the critically acclaimed production of War Horse in London s West End with her husband, fellow producer Frank Marshall, and their two daughters. They were very impressed by the story, and Marshall recalled how he was amazed that no one had already bought the film rights to the book.
Steven Spielberg was told about War Horse by several people, including Kennedy, his colleague at Amblin Entertainment. After discussions with Revel Guest, on 16 December 2009, it was announced that DreamWorks Pictures had acquired the film rights to the book, with Spielberg stating: From the moment I read Michael Morpurgo s novel War Horse, I knew this was a film I wanted DreamWorks to make … Its heart and its message provide a story that can be felt in every country. Spielberg saw the London production of the play on 1 February 2010, and met some of the cast afterwards. He admitted to being moved to tears by the performance.
DreamWorks executive Stacey Snider suggested Richard Curtis to work on rewrites for the screenplay; she had worked with Curtis during her time at Universal Pictures, and Curtis had previously written the World War I-set BBC comedy series Blackadder Goes Forth along with Ben Elton. Spielberg was a fan of Blackadder but had never met Curtis, who was initially reluctant to take part, but on meeting Spielberg, he rethought and committed to work on the script. Curtis stated that the screenplay is closer to the book than the play, and that the existence of the play itself helped be brave about own adaptation . Curtis produced over a dozen drafts in three months, and has spoken of the close collaboration he had with Spielberg while working on the script.
Having previously only been slated to produce the film, Spielberg decided to direct the second read first draft. It happened faster than anything else we ve done together. On 3 May 2010, it was announced that Spielberg was to direct the film; the cast was announced on 17 June. Speaking at the Tribeca Film Festival in April 2011, actor Peter Mullan said that he took the part not just because Spielberg was directing, but also because of the beautiful, really nice script .
Within weeks of hearing from Kennedy about the London theatre production, Spielberg had seen the play, and decided this would be his next film. Spielberg was able to act so quickly because he was on a hiatus, waiting for the animation on his other 2011 film The Adventures of Tintin to be completed.
Spielberg had previously worked on numerous projects with World War II themes. In contrast, War Horse is Spielberg s first foray into World War I storytelling, as he admitted that, prior to learning about the War Horse book and play, I had never been that interested in World War I . Kathleen Kennedy elaborated on the appeal of the story: In cinema we ve told very few stories about World War I and I think that s one of the things that attracted us to this … It s a forgotten war in the United States, and that had a very powerful effect on Steven and I. David Kenyon and Andrew Robertshaw of Battlefield Partnerships were military advisors on the film.
After some speculation, the cast for War Horse was announced on 17 June 2010. It had been rumored in the previous week that Eddie Redmayne had been cast in the lead role as Albert Narracott; however, relatively unknown stage actor Jeremy Irvine was chosen instead. Spielberg commented that after seeing hundreds of young boys reading for the role, Irvine had come in and done a cold reading and that his performance was very natural, very authentic. Irvine auditioned for two months, going in two or three times a week, and learned that he had the part when he was asked to read a piece of the script on camera in order to check his West Country accent, and the piece of mockup script that he read out was Albert telling Joey that Spielberg wanted him to play the part.
The cast is European, with British, French and German actors playing characters of their respective nationalities. Robert Emms, who played the lead of Albert Narracott in the West End production of the play, was cast as David Lyons.
Casting for extras took place in Devon in late July 2010. In all, some 5,800 extras were used in the film. The granddaughter of Captain Budgett, one of the World War I veterans who had inspired Morpurgo to write the story, acted as an extra in scenes filmed in Castle Combe, and Morpurgo himself filmed a cameo role there, along with his wife Clare.
Filming took place under the codename Dartmoor to maintain a level of secrecy during production, and took about 64 days in total. Scenes involving the cavalry were shot first at Stratfield Saye House in north Hampshire, the estate of the Duke of Wellington, where incidentally Wellington s war horse Copenhagen is buried; a cavalry charge involving 130 extras was filmed here.
Filming on location in Dartmoor, Devon, started in August 2010. Initially, Spielberg was only going to have four or five days worth of second unit material shot in Devon, but after Kathleen Kennedy sent him photographs of the various locations she had scouted, he decided to cut other elements of the story to enable more filming to take place in countryside that Kennedy described as so extraordinarily beautiful and absolutely perfect for the story . Dartmoor locations included the small villages of Meavy and Sheepstor, Burrator Reservoir, Bonehill Rocks and the surrounding area near Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Ringmoor Down, Combestone Tor and the surrounding area, Haytor, Hexworthy Bridge, and Cadover Bridge/Brisworthy. Ditsworthy Warren House, an isolated Grade II listed building near Sheepstor on Dartmoor, served as the Narracott family s farmhouse, and many scenes were filmed in the surrounding area.
On 11 September 2010, the annual Dartmoor Yomp was rerouted to allow filming to continue undisturbed. Spielberg praised the Dartmoor countryside s beauty: I have never before, in my long and eclectic career, been gifted with such an abundance of natural beauty as I experienced filming War Horse on Dartmoor… And, with two-and-a-half weeks of extensive coverage of landscapes and skies, I hardly scratched the surface of the visual opportunities that were offered to me . Spielberg felt that the landscape was very much a character in the film. When actor Peter Mullan won the Golden Shell Award at the San Sebastián International Film Festival in Spain for his film Neds, Spielberg insisted that Mullan should attend the ceremony to accept his award in person on 26 September 2010, and rearranged the War Horse shooting schedule accordingly.
Although Devon rural locations were used, scenes in the main village in the story were filmed at the Wiltshire village of Castle Combe near Chippenham, despite the vernacular architecture of Devon (predominantly cob walls and thatched roofs) being very different from that of Wiltshire (stone walls and stone tiled roofs). Filming began there on 21 September 2010, and continued until 1 October. Some residents of Castle Combe were angered by the imposition of tightened security within the village, claiming they could not enter without waiting at perimeter barriers until breaks in filming.
Production moved on to Wisley Airfield in Surrey, where no man s land battlefield scenes were filmed. Shooting of wartime camp scenes also took place at Bourne Wood near Farnham in Surrey, a frequent location for filming, for about two weeks beginning on 4 October 2010. Scenes were shot at the stately home Luton Hoo between 13 and 14 October 2010. Filming was also scheduled to be undertaken at Caerwent in Wales. Studio filming was undertaken at Longcross Studios, Chertsey in Surrey, and at Twickenham Film Studios. The film shoot was completed in the last week of October 2010, with the entire film, French scenes included, being shot in the UK, apart from some pick-up shots of a bay foal filmed in California in March 2011. Spielberg commented on how he and cinematographer Janusz Kamiński developed the look of the film: …it doesn t feel like Ryan at all … it has a much more daguerrotype feel, much more brownish. We re not using any of the techniques we used on Ryan. The only similarity is that it is war and it is handheld.
The Michael Morpurgo book is ‘Black Beauty goes to war’. So if you’re English, two of the most emotive subjects you could touch on are Black Beauty and the First World War. The crew were constantly in tears, as there were war memorials and everybody had a story in their family … for English people, everyone is touched by that war.
–Emily Watson on World War I s enduring emotional legacy.
Michael Morpurgo, the author of the book on which the film is based, visited the set several times while filming was being undertaken: Spielberg s a wonderful storyteller and a kid. He adores stories and that s what he s best at. It s extraordinary to meet someone with that kind of enthusiasm, utterly unspoiled … When I went to visit him on set, he was clearly enthralled by the countryside. He fell for Devon in a big way. He was warm, kind and open, and utterly without ego … Spielberg was like a conductor with a very light baton. He hardly had to wave it at all. I was in awe. Emily Watson also praised Spielberg s approach: It was intimate, passionate and about the acting. And every single priority that as an actor that you would want to be there was there. It felt very real and focused. On set, he d come in, in the morning, and say, I couldn t sleep last night. I was worrying about this shot! Which was great! He s human and he s still working in an impassioned way, like a 21-year-old, trying to make the best out of everything .
When I m on an Indy movie, I m watching Indiana Jones, not the horse he is riding … Suddenly I m faced with the challenge of making a movie where I not only had to watch the horse, I had to compel the audience to watch it along with me. I had to pay attention to what it was doing and understand its feelings. It was a whole new experience for me.
The pre-production period only allowed for three months to train the horses before shooting commenced. The main horse trainer was Bobby Lovgren, and other horse trainers included Dylan Jones, Bill Lawrence, and Zelie Bullen.
During filming, fourteen different horses were used as the main horse character Joey, eight of them portraying him as an adult animal, four as a colt and two as a foal; four horses played the other main equine character, Topthorn. Up to 280 horses were used in a single scene. A farrier was on set to replace horseshoes sucked off in the mud during filming, and the horses playing the main horse characters had a specialist equine make-up team, with their coats dyed and markings added to ensure continuity. Equine artist Ali Bannister was responsible for the hair and makeup of the horses, as well as drawing the sketches of horses that are featured in the film. Extra filming involving a bay foal took place in California in March 2011. Working with horses on this scale was a new experience for Spielberg, who commented: The horses were an extraordinary experience for me, because several members of my family ride. I was really amazed at how expressive horses are and how much they can show what they re feeling.
Representatives of the American Humane Association were on set at all times, and the Association awarded the film an outstanding rating for the care that was taken of the animals during production. However, a 2013 suit by former AHA employee Barbara Casey alleged that a horse was killed on set, but the organization chose to cover up the death to protect Spielberg s reputation. An animatronic horse was used for some parts of the scenes where Joey is trapped in barbed wire; the wire was rubber prop wire. Unlike the play, which used puppet horses, the film uses a combination of real horses, animatronic horses and computer-generated imagery.
Editor Michael Kahn spoke of his work on the film: We have some shots in War Horse that are just fantastic … We shot it in Devon, and you know it s gorgeous down there, and the horses are beautiful and the farms are beautiful, beautiful scenery and every shot is gorgeous, and eventually you get to the war part of it and it s really, really something. Kahn had a trailer on set and edited the film during filming. Kahn and Spielberg cut the film digitally on an Avid rather than on film, a first with this technology for Spielberg; He decided that he d like to try it , Kahn commented.
After filming, further editing was undertaken at the UK s Twickenham Film Studios, with the production moving back to the U.S. in November 2010. Kahn also said of his work on the film: We put together here in Hollywood. It worked well … Those English actors are awfully good and so were the horses. The horses were beautifully trained. For an editor there were a lot of match problems with the horses but the shooting was so good that I got everything I needed.
Visual effects for the film were undertaken by London-based company Framestore. According to Spielberg, the film s only digital effects were three shots lasting three seconds, which were undertaken to ensure the safety of the horse involved: That s the thing I m most proud of. Everything you see on screen really happened. Kathleen Kennedy elaborated, stating We really did it very naturalistically. There isn t a lot of blood. Steven wasn t interested in bringing Private Ryan into it, but we did want to make a PG-13 movie. Actor Tom Hiddleston said that Spielberg had seen the stage play and he wanted to retain the magic and heartbeat of that … It s a moving, powerful story you can take children to see, but it is still very upsetting … People die, and it is war.
John Williams composed and conducted the film s musical score, the second score composed the same year by Williams for Spielberg after The Adventures of Tintin. Williams took inspiration by visiting a horse farm in California and observing horses and their behavior, saying that I got in the habit of watching the horses in the morning, and I began to see how they connect to each other and how they became curious about me. That s when I really began to get the sense that horses are very special creatures. They have been magnificent and trusted friends for such a long time and have done so much for us with such grace.
The score was recorded by a 90-piece orchestra and Williams compared the recording sessions more to a concert piece rather than a traditional film score, as it relied more on the individual performance of the musicians. It was recorded in late March and early April 2011. Tuba player Jim Self reported in May 2011: For John Williams I recently finished recording for the film War Horse. It s a war movie so the score has a lot of brass—but it was gentle music often. The score was released by Sony Classical Records on 21 December 2011 to critical acclaim.
To round out the year, Steven Spielberg s War Horse appears in time for the festive period. If you re thinking that nothing says Christmas like the bloody trench warfare carnage, you may be in luck. But while Spielberg isn t one to sugarcoat the horrors of war, he s just the director to fill this Great War-set story of a boy and his horse with saddlebags of heart and soul. We can t wait to see how he s brought the colossally popular stage play to the big screen.
War Horse was released in North America by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures through its Touchstone Pictures label on 25 December 2011, making it the first Spielberg-directed film to be distributed through Walt Disney Studios. The film s North American release date was originally set for 10 August 2011, but after a meeting in London between DreamWorks and Disney executives in early October 2010, when some footage was screened, the decision was taken to move its release to 28 December in the holiday period, and in the United Kingdom on 13 January 2012. DreamWorks executive Stacey Snider said, The reaction to the footage—which usually never shows—was that it feels like a big, holiday movie … It just became inevitable that we would move it. feels great about it.
Only a very few unofficial on-set images and clips of video footage were published in the press and online during the filming period. Due to the usual embargo on photos and videos being taken and made public during Spielberg shoots, very few images emerged, with the majority being snatched paparazzi shots. In October 2010, cinematographer Kamiński posted an on-set image of himself on a battlefield set on his Facebook page. The first ten official photographs were made public by DreamWorks in several releases between 11 and 14 March 2011, in Empire magazine and in an article in Entertainment Weekly. On 16 March 2011, a British blogger published an account of her unofficial visit to the War Horse set at Ditsworthy Warren House, and was able to take pictures of the set s interior and of Steven Spielberg despite the security on set. On 29 March, DreamWorks presented behind-the-scenes footage introduced on film by Spielberg to theatre owners at CinemaCon in Las Vegas. Spielberg was unable to attend in person as he was still working on post-production.
On 29 June 2011, the film s first official teaser trailer was released, and the official website was launched. On its launch, the website was rather sparse, with only the official trailer and synopsis, and two of the ten previously released official images. Further footage introduced on film by Spielberg was shown at the Empire magazine Big Screen event in London in August 2011. Jeremy Irvine talked about his experiences making the film at the same event. The full theatrical trailer was released on 4 October 2011, and more on-set pictures were released on 17 November.
The publicity strategy for War Horse unusually featured preview screenings for the public in U.S. heartland areas before either the critics were shown the film or it was screened to the public in major metropolitan areas. The first preview screenings of War Horse were held at various locations across the United States on 1, 2 and 10 November 2011. More preview screenings in the U.S. took place on 27 November, with Spielberg attending a question and answer session at the New York screening that was beamed to the other screening cinemas and shown live on the internet.
Press screenings for critics were first held in New York and Los Angeles on 24 November 2011, although there was an embargo on official reviews being published at that time. On 27 November, there was a special screening in London for the crew and cast, the first time anyone involved with the film (apart from Spielberg and his close collaborators) had seen it. Three television advertisements for the film were released in the U.S. on 24 November 2011, shortly followed by others.
On 4 December 2011, the film s world premiere was held at the Avery Fisher Hall of New York City s Lincoln Center, where the Tony award-winning Broadway production of War Horse was playing at the neighboring Vivian Beaumont Theater. The UK premiere took place in London s Leicester Square on 8 January 2012, and was attended by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.
A tie-in book by Steven Spielberg was published by HarperCollins on 27 December 2011.
War Horse grossed $79,859,441 domestically and $97,200,000 internationally for a worldwide total of $177,584,879. Although it was not one of Spielberg s biggest box office successes, it was the highest-grossing World War I film of all time until Wonder Woman overtook it six years later.
War Horse was released on Blu-ray Disc, DVD, and digital download by Touchstone Home Entertainment on 3 April 2012. The release was produced in three different physical packages: a four-disc combo pack (two-disc Blu-ray, DVD, and Digital Copy); a two-disc combo pack (Blu-ray and DVD); and a single-disc DVD. The film was released digitally through on-demand services such as the ITunes Store in high and standard definitions. The single-disc DVD includes the bonus feature War Horse: The Look, and the digital versions include An Extra s Point of View ; the two-disc combo pack includes both bonus features. The four-disc combo pack comes with the same extras as the two-disc combo pack, as well as A Filmmaking Journey , Editing & Scoring , The Sounds of War Horse , and Through the Producer s Lens bonus features.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 75% based on 242 reviews, with an average score of 7/10. The site s critical consensus reads, Technically superb, proudly sentimental, and unabashedly old-fashioned, War Horse is an emotional drama that tugs the heartstrings with Spielberg s customary flair. Metacritic reports a score of 72/100 based on 40 critics, indicating Generally favorable reviews . Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of A- on an A+ to F scale.
Although there was an embargo on official reviews of the film being published before 21 December 2011, reviews started appearing on 26 November in mainstream press such as The Daily Telegraph, which gave it 41⁄2 out of 5 stars.
Giving the film an A− grade, Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly wrote, The project is tailor-made for Saving Private Ryan Spielberg, the war-story specialist, as well as for E.T. Spielberg, the chronicler of boyhood desires and yearnings for family. Rex Reed of The New York Observer gave the film 4 out of 4 stars and said, War Horse is a don t-miss Spielberg classic that reaches true perfection. It s as good as movies can get, and one of the greatest triumphs of this or any other year. Roger Ebert gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, saying it contained surely some of the best footage Spielberg has ever directed … The film is made with superb artistry. Spielberg is the master of an awesome canvas. Most people will enjoy it, as I did. Richard Roeper praised War Horse by saying, What a gorgeous, breathtaking, epic adventure this is, and gave the film 4.5 out of 5 stars. Ty Burr of The Boston Globe said that the film was a work of full-throated Hollywood classicism that looks back to the craftsmanship and sentimentality of John Ford and other legends of the studio era, and gave it 3 out of 4 stars.
Conversely, Simon Winder of The Guardian wrote that the film, despite twisting and turning to be even-handed, simply could not help itself and, like some faux-reformed alcoholic, gorged itself on an entire miniature liqueur selection of Anglo-German clichés . David Denby of The New Yorker wrote that The horses themselves are magnificent, and maybe that s reason enough to see the movie. But War Horse is a bland, bizarrely unimaginative piece of work .
War Horse made several critics lists of the best films of 2011. Richard Corliss of Time named it the fifth best film of 2011, saying. Boldly emotional, nakedly heartfelt, War Horse will leave only the stoniest hearts untouched . David Chen of /Film selected War Horse as 2011 s best film.
|Academy Awards||Best Picture||Steven Spielberg
|Best Art Direction||Rick Carter
|Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Nominated|
|Best Original Score||John Williams||Nominated|
|Best Sound Editing||Richard Hymns
|Best Sound Mixing||Gary Rydstrom
|American Cinema Editors Awards||Best Edited Feature Film – Dramatic||Michael Kahn||Nominated|
|American Film Institute Awards||Film of the Year 2011||War Horse||Won|
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Film Music||John Williams||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Rick Carter
|Best Sound||Stuart Wilson
|Best Special Visual Effects||Ben Morris
|BMI Film & TV Awards||Film Music Award||John Williams||Won|
|Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards||Best Picture||War Horse||Nominated|
|Best Director||Steven Spielberg||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Won|
|Best Art Direction||Rick Carter
|Best Editing||Michael Kahn||Nominated|
|Best Sound||War Horse||Nominated|
|Best Score||John Williams||Nominated|
|Chicago Film Critics Association Awards||Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Motion Picture – Drama||War Horse||Nominated|
|Best Original Score||John Williams||Nominated|
|Houston Film Critics Society Awards||Best Film||War Horse||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Nominated|
|Best Score||John Williams||Nominated|
|London Film Critics Circle Awards||British Actor of the Year||Peter Mullan||Nominated|
|Young British Performer of the Year||Jeremy Irvine||Nominated|
|Motion Picture Sound Editors Golden Reel Awards||Best Sound Editing: Sound Effects and Foley in a Feature Film||War Horse||Won|
|Best Sound Editing: Dialogue and ADR in a Feature Film||War Horse||Nominated|
|National Board of Review Awards||Best Film||War Horse||Nominated|
|Top Ten Films||War Horse||Won|
|Producers Guild of America Awards||Best Theatrical Motion Picture||Kathleen Kennedy
|Satellite Awards||Best Motion Picture||War Horse||Nominated|
|Best Director||Steven Spielberg||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Lee Hall
|Best Original Score||John Williams||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Won|
|Best Visual Effects||Ben Morris||Nominated|
|Best Film Editing||Michael Kahn||Nominated|
|Best Sound (Editing & Mixing)||Andy Nelson
|Visual Effects Society Awards||Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Feature Motion Picture||Annie Godin
|Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association||Best Art Direction||Rick Carter
|Best Cinematography||Janusz Kamiński||Nominated|
|Best Score||John Williams||Nominated|
|Plot||Young Albert enlists to serve in World War I after his beloved horse is sold to the cavalry. Albert’s hopeful journey takes him out of England and to the front lines as the war rages on.|
|Awards||Nominated for 6 Oscars, 15 wins & 77 nominations total|
|Writers||Lee Hall, Richard Curtis, Michael Morpurgo|
|Stars||Jeremy Irvine, Emily Watson, David Thewlis|
|Produced by||Revel Guest, Kathleen Kennedy, Kristie Macosko Krieger, Frank Marshall, Tracey Seaward, Adam Somner, Steven Spielberg|
|Music by||John Williams|
|Cinematography by||Janusz Kaminski|
|Film Editing by||Michael Kahn|
|Casting By||Jina Jay|
|Production Design by||Rick Carter|
|Art Direction by||Andrew Ackland-Snow, Molly Hughes, Neil Lamont, Hattie Storey, Gary Tomkins, Alastair Bullock, Kevin Jenkins|
|Set Decoration by||Lee Sandales|
|Costume Design by||Joanna Johnston|
|Makeup Department||Jessica Alexander, Nisha Aulum, Michele Barber, Liz Barlow, Emily Bilverstone, Francesca Budd, Lois Burwell, Hanna Canfor, Lauren Katie Cox, Pollyanna Coxon-Smith, Julie Davies, Audrey Doyle, Polly Earnshaw, Vicky Fields, Jon Henry Gordon, Jennifer Harty, Jennifer Hegarty, Catherine Heys, Pauline Heys, Joe Hopker, Jill Hornby, Josy Howard, Victoria Jamison, Heather Manson, Nuala McArdle, Lois McIntosh, Laura Morse, Nicola Mount, Sharon Nicholas, Sarah Nuth, Belinda Parish, Charlotte Rogers, Jutta Russell, Paula Seabright, Rupert Simon, Carla Vicenzino, Xanthia White, Eve Wignall, Natalie Abizadeh, Candy Alderson, Anita Anderson, Philippa Selina Blake, Paul Boyce, Chamia Choudhury, Louise Coles, Catherine Davies, Amy Elliott, Claire Folkard, Richard Glass, Lisa Halstead, Lauren Hicks, Suzanne Jansen, Sophia Knight, Denise Kum, Anayanzi L Eplattenier, Clare Le Vesconte, Jane Logan, Gemma Low, Sarah Jane Marks, Claire Matthews, Nicola Matthews, Nicola Mount, Chloe Muton-Phillips, Fran Needham, Susan Parkinson, Lisa Pemberton, Liz Phillips, Adrian Rigby, Luca Saccuman, Jessica Seen, Sophie Slotover, Nicola Springall, Nadia Stacey, Malwina Suwinska, Melissa van Tongeren, Luca Vannella, Sarah Weatherburn, Sophia Weston|
|Production Management||Gary Bunn, Geoff Dibben, Mark Graziano, Samantha Knox-Johnston, Nick Laws, Robert Bella|
|Second Unit Director or Assistant Director||William Dodds, Tom Edmondson, Robert Grayson, Emma Horton, Andy Madden, Michael Michael, Tom Rye, Adam Somner, Amy Stares, Michael Stevenson, Richard Styles, Phil Booth, David Cain, Stewart Hamilton, Aaron Hartley, Christian Labarta, Sarah Mooney, David Pinkus, Kim Whittaker|
|Art Department||Ben Barrington-Groves, Baz Baylis, Louise Begbie, Peter Bigg, Steve Bovington, Steven Brown, Nicholas Bull, Laurence Burns, Carlos Candilejo, Jack Candy-Kemp, Amee Carter, Kelvin Carter, Stephen Challenor, Richard Cheal, David Cheesman, Thomas Chester, James Collins, Rhys Court, Scott Davey, Gary Dawson, Carmen Ruiz de Huidobro, Lynne Divers, Jillian Drujon, Jack Dudman, Chad Evans, Trevor Eve, Peter Fentem, Laurent Ferrie, Stephen Forrest-Smith, Lydia Fry, Jamie Gamblen, Gary Goble, Bradley Godwin, David Gray, Khi Gregory, Richard Hall, Daniel Handley, Dean Hawley, Gary Hayes, Paul J. Hayes, David Hodges, Alan Hopkins, Clive Ingleton, Jason Ivall, Jodie Jackman, Philip Keller, Mark Kimber, John Kirsop, Ashley Lamont, Peter Lee, Tim Lewis, Chris Lewry, Chris Lunney, Steve Macdonald, Lucinda McLean, Christopher James Miller, Joe Monks, Garry Moore, Martin Moran, Steven Morris, Jonathan Norman, Jan Oliver, Warren Parkinson, Steve Patterson, Amanda Pettett, Julie Pitt, Mickey Pugh, Kyle Reed, Joe Reynolds, Mark Reynolds, Oliver Roberts, Jack Salkeld, Robert Sansom, Ignacio J. Santeugini, Adam Shepherdly, Josh Sheppard, Christian Short, Alex Smith, Danny Smith, William Stickley, Hattie Storey, Chalotte Sveaas, Richard Swinnerton, Ed Symon, Paul Taggart, Sophie Tarver, Kate Venner, Gary Walker, Jake Wells, David Wescott, Paul Wescott, Michael Westcott, David White, Jamie White, David Whyman, Harley Wilkinson, Paul Williams, Carl Wilson, Rachel Ziegelmeier, Valentina Borfecchia, Joel Chang, Kelvin Cook, Bryn Court, Marcus Ehren, James Enright, Justin Hayzelden, Alan Hinton, Anna Lavelle, Sarah Marshall, Micky Mills, Ray Norris, Tanya Peacock, Clare Porritt, Elicia Scales, Graham Shepherdly, George Simons, Matt Walker, Dicken Warner|
|Sound Department||Marco Alicea, Jerry Austin, Christopher Barron, Orin Beaton, Danny Caccavo, Lisa Chino, Brian Chumney, John Countryman, Martim Crawford, Colette D. Dahanne, Luke Dunn Gielmuda, Teresa Eckton, Sean England, Thomas Fennell, Peter Gleaves, Tim Gomillion, Howie Hammermann, Nia Hansen, E.J. Holowicki, Adam Horley, Richard Hymns, Tom Johnson, Noah Katz, Mike Lane, Michael Levine, Mitch Low, Dmitri Makarov, Zach Martin, Kyrsten Mate, Jeremy Molod, Steve Morris, Nathan Nance, Shelly Napolean, Cheryl Nardi, Andy Nelson, Tim Nielsen, Jon Null, Jordan O Neill, Juan Peralta, Eva Porter, Richard Quinn, Frank Rinella, Renee Russo, Gary Rydstrom, Daniel Scolari, Clint Smith, James Spencer, William Stein, Dennie Thorpe, John Torrijos, Jana Vance, Stuart Wilson, Doug Winningham, Clayton Wood, Phil Benson, Jason Chiodo, Giancarlo Dellapina, Luke Dunn Gielmuda, Nia Hansen, Christian Joyce, Alan MacFeely, Edgar Meza, Jon Null, Gary Rydstrom, Matthew E. Taylor|
|Special Effects by||Vince Abbott, Kirby Allen-D Cruze, Tim Ambridge, Robin Beavis, Paul Brady, Ben Broadbridge, Cliff Corbould, Malcolm Crash Corbould, Neil Corbould, Maria Cork, Dennison Crook, Keith Dawson, Michael Dawson, John Duffy, Ronnie Durkan, Andy Garner, Peter Hawkins, Simon Hewitt, David Hunter, Terry Jones, Anna Krawczyk, Kevin Mathews, Chris Motjuoadi, Oliver Nixon, John Nolan, Declan O Donnell, Matthew O Toole, Steven Painter, Adrian Parish, Lee Rider, Darren Robinson, Grant Rogan, Stephen Roy, Robin Schoonraad, Ty Senior, Stephen Shelley, James Smith, Bill Turpin, Cliff Wallace, Steven Warner, Keith Wilson, Sophie Allen, Caimin Bourne, Christopher Brennan, Julian Butterfield, Chris Clarke, Justyna Dobrowolska, Andrew Duffy, Manex Efrem, Terry Flowers, Stuart Frossell, Tom Goodman, Garth Gutteridge, Oliver Guy-Watkins, Ben James, David Johns, Sarah Mathieson, Jessica Moore, Ian Morse, Craig Narramore, Ken Petrie, Graham Povey, Dave Roddham, Bryan Stanislas, Alan Young|
|Visual Effects by||Jan Adamczyk, Ben Aickin, Lorenzo Angeli, David Aulds, Mark Anthony Austin, Adam Azmy, Giacomo Bargellesi, Matthew Barnett, Matt Bell, Luca Bellano, Laurent Benhamo, Carl Bianco, Fernando Borges-Pacheco, Michael Borhi, Scott Bourne, Duncan Burbidge, Jason Burnett, Manjoe Chan, Joel Chang, Chris Cooper, Alex Cumming, Amy Davis, Mark Day, Ciaran Devine, Luke Drummond, Katherine Durant, Dave Early, Scott Eaton, Stuart M. Ellis, Michele Fabbro, Oliver Fergusson-Taylor, Daniel Fernández, Jack Fisher, Rob Garner, Sarah Gatefield, Pätrick Gehlen, Mauro Giacomazzo, Julien Goldsbrough, Alex Gooding, Mark Gostlow, Matthieu Goutte, Theodor Groeneboom, Charlie Habanananda, Steven Hall, Nicholas Hampshire, T.O.M. Hand, Frederic Heymans, Leo Hills, Martin Hjalmarsson, Victoria Hodson, Jason Horley, Jess Hunt, Julian Hutchens, Katie Isaksen, Kevin Jenkins, Gareth Jones, Helen Judd, Guillaume Julien, Nick King, Rickie Leach, Aaron Lear, Dean Lewandowski, Benjamin Loch, Declan McGuire, Joseph McLamb, Steven Moor, Ben Morris, Victoria Mowlam, Michael Mulholland, Mark Nelson, Rachel Nicoll, Motoki Nishii, Mark Osborne, Adam Parker, James Parsons, Steve Parsons, Tom Partridge, Radhika Patel, Manuel Perez, Felix Pomeranz, Howard Protheroe, Stefan Putz, Maickel Quinet, Sirio Quintavalle, Sagar Rathod, Siân Rees, Marc Rice, Philip J. Robinson, James Rose, Juan Salazar, Nathan Santell, Aaron Sims, Kevin Spruce, Penn Stevens, Maria Stroka, Alexander Swann, Noah Taylor, Ben Thomas, Michael Adam Thompson, Mark Tudor-Williams, Joshua Wassung, Glenn Wells, Rachel Williams, Kate Windibank, Graham Wood, Sammy Wu, Christian Zeh, Oliver Armstrong, Michael Baker, Lizi Bedford, Jarnail Bhachu, Zachary Bloom, Felipe Bohórquez, Pete Capelluto, Patrick Clancey, Lucy Drewett, Matt Fox, Ben Guthrie, Rachel Faith Hanson, Karsten Hecker, Paul Ingram, Mikael Jaeger Jensen, Christopher Django Johnston, Jaye Krebs, Thomas Mathai, Christophe Meslin, Mark Millena, Christina Mitrotti, Sam Osborne, Guo Kun Pan, Lee Chan Popo, Diego Prilusky, Adrian Raistrick, Sam Salek, Aatesh Shah, Doug Spilatro, Martin Stegmayer, Mirek Suchomel, Matthew Tinsley, Jonathan Turner|
|Stunts||Pavel Bousek, Michael Byrch, Tony Christian, Stuart Clark, Ricardo Cruz Jr., Ricardo Cruz, Will Dent, Ben Dimmock, Levan Doran, Vladimir Furdo Furdik, Andy Godbold, Ángel Gómez de la Torre, Ángel Gómez Fernández, Paul Howell, Rob Inch, Roman Jankovic, Rob Jarman, Ed Judge, Laszlo Juhász, Cristian Knight, Ales Kosnar, Bryn Lawrence, Derek Lea, Guy List, Phil Lonergan, Chris Manger, Peter Miles, David Newton, Ray Nicholas, Andrew L Phillips, Heather Phillips, Florian Robin, Tom Rodgers, Stanislav Satko, Gordon Seed, Martin Shenton, Mark Southworth, Shane Steyn, Alexander Temmink, Marek Toth, Stephen Walsh, Andy Wareham, Reg Wayment, William Willoughby, Tom Aitken, Gary Arthurs, Nellie Burroughes, Andy Butcher, Chris Carey, Jonathan Cohen, Martin Csiaki, Ray De-Haan, James Embree, Pete Ford, Vladimir Furdo Furdik, Bobby Holland Hanton, Peter Hric, Milan Hrvol, Stewart James, Roman Jankovic, Vincent Keane, Luke Kearney, Paul Kulik, Eddie McClements, Erol Mehmet, Andy Merchant, Peter Miles, Rory Mulroe, Charlie Pawlett, Andy Pilgrim, Dusan Prvy, Marcus Shakesheff, Ryan Stuart, Roy Taylor, Arran Topham, Calvin Warrington-Heasman, Simon Whyman, Steen Young|
|Camera and Electrical Department||David Appleby, David Appleby, Simon Baker, Sebastian Barraclough, Bill Beenham, John Bowman, Harry Boxell, Dave Brennan, Chris Chapman, Gary Colkett, Edward Cooke, Andrew Cooper, Damian Cooper, Malcolm Cooper, Jim Crowther, David Devlin, Mitch Dubin, Jason Dully, Laurence Edwards, Conor Finlay, Will H Gardner, Chris Gilbertson, Billy Goddard, Peter Goddard, Dave Gray, Des Hills, James Hunt, Stuart Hurst, Mike King, Ben Knight, Eddie Knight, Jamie Knight, Joe Knight, Jim Kwiatkowski, Kevin Karl Lynch, John Marzano, Barry McCullagh, Stewart Monteith, Tony Murphy, Phil Murray, Bartosz Nalazek, Ronnie Phillips, Toby Plaskitt, George Powell, Marek Radolf, George Richmond, Jonathan Chunky Richmond, Gary Romaine, Roy Rowland, Roger Sabarwal, Richard B. Shean, Frank Shields, Mark Spath, Terry Stone, Tom Taylor, Carsten Thoms, Andy Thomson, Kes Thornley, Ian Townsend, John Turner, Alexandra Voikou, Tom Wade, Glyn Williams, Sally Wright, Viktor Zsámbék, Dave Armstrong, Simon Baker, Alex Bender, Pete Carrier, Shaun Cobley, Martyn Culpan, David Devlin, Hamish Doyne-Ditmas, Billy Dunn, Jonathan England, Jamie Havill, Emm Hobbs, Peter Hodgson, Larry Hurt, Henry Landgrebe, David Mills, Steve O Hallearn, David Pearce, Barney Piercy, David Sinfield, Barnaby Sweet|
|Casting Department||Solomon Artistes, Antoinette Boulat, Simone Bär, Brendan Donnison, Alex Duxbury, Leslee Feldman, Constantine Gregory, Nick McGinley, Alexandra Montag, Jessie Frost, Kelly Valentine Hendry, Hervé Jakubowicz, Katy Lake, Orla O Connor|
|Costume and Wardrobe Department||Terry Archer, Stella Atkinson, Jill Avery, Russell Barnett, Sue Casey, David Crossman, Alleyne Kirby Davies, Peter Edmonds, Mohamed Elfata, Andrew Fletcher, Nicola Foy, Steve Gell, Sarah Godwin, Perry Goyen, Esther St John Gray, Brendan Handscombe, Ian Jones, Vivienne Jones, Andrew Joslin, Gary Lane, Melissa Layton, Catrin Long, Emma Lowe, Ashwin Makan, Calandra Meredith, Neil Murphy, Liv Murton, Yvonne Otzen, Harriet Parry, Sarah Pasricha, James Pavlou, Gemma Rasmussen, Charlie Salmon, Jessica Scott-Reed, Adrian Simmons, Rupert Steggle, William Steggle, Henrietta Sylvester, Ian Tatton, Henrietta Thomas, Christopher Todd, Amanda Trewin, Jeremy Turner, Nat Van Halle, Holly Waddington, Justine Warhurst, Marion Weise, Charles David Whiting, Sheena Wichary, Dan Blacklock, Sophie Bugeaud, Anthony Drewett, Kevin Giles, Jamie Harvey, Kate Suzanne Hunter, Maggie Partington-Smith, Sara Sensoy, Joan Staley|
|Editorial Department||Alfred Amarkarian, Martin Bernfeld, Sarah Broshar, Gary Burritt, Scott Claxton, Patrick Crane, Dan Crussell, Simon Davis, Roland Eisinger, Élodie Ichter, Simon Kenny, Yvan Lucas, Jeremy Luena, Devin C. Lussier, Justin Ostensen, Jim Passon, Robert E. Phillips, Tom Reiser, Todd Sandler, Rosalie A. Staley, Lisa Tutunjian, Catherine Williams, Thora Woodward, Robert Yamamoto, Dan Dolan, Justin Yates|
|Location Management||Peter Bardsley, Carn Burton, Mally Chung, Steve Cole, Matt Craufurd, Rachael Dudley, Colin Giles, Synnove Godeseth, Steve Harvey, Charlie Hayes, Edward Henderson, Matt Jones, Martin Joy, Steve Keane, Tim Maw, Jason Mendelli, Kathryn Owen, Rebecca Pearson, Ben Piltz, Lee Robertson, Jon Roper, David J Smith, Mark Somner, Tom Ackerley, Emily Goble, Peter Gray, Alana Hallett, Jon Hills, Ben Thomas Holley, Alexandra Jordan, Lottie Mason, Thomas Pook, Bryony Preen, Emma Rose, Lucas Saunal, Michael Stapleton, David Wieder, Josh Yudkin|
|Music Department||Eun-Mee Ahn, Ramiro Belgardt, Rob Brophy, Tom Brown, Judy Chilnick, Sandy DeCrescent, Bruce Dukov, Terry Edwards, Stephen Erdody, Steve Erdody, David Everson, Nina Evtuhov, Tori Fillat, Marlo Fisher, Matt Franko, Matthew Funes, Joanna Goldsmith-Eteson, Trevor Handy, Dylan S. Hart, Jennifer Hawks, Oscar Hidalgo, Jim Hoffman, Chris Hogenson, Edward Karam, Philip Keen, Dan Kelley, Greg Loskorn, Luke Maurer, Darrin McCann, Ken McGrath, Malcolm McNab, Victoria Miskolczy, Tim Morrison, Shawn Murphy, Mike Nowak, Alyssa Park, Ben Parry, Jessica Pearlman, Katia Popov, Joshua Ranz, Bill Reichenbach, Peter Rotter, Marni Sanders, Naomi Sato, Julie Sessing, Andrew Shulman, David Stal, Tereza Stanislav, Louise Di Tullio, Jerry Williams, Joe Zimmerman, Gloria Cheng, Mark Graham, Victor Pesavento, Steve Schaeffer, Steven L. Smith, James Thatcher, Roger Wilkie, John Williams, Robert Wolff|
|Script and Continuity Department||Nicoletta Mani, Anna Worley|
|Transportation Department||Sam Arnopp, Mike Beaven, Martin Birmingham, Michael Brinkley, Shaun Brundle, Darren Burgess, Dean Burtenshaw, John Coleman, Hendrik De Jonker, John Doran, Chris Dudley, Ian Giles, Franca Jade, Zak Johnson, Karl Jones, Graham Kelly, Clive King, Peter Mercer, Danny Mitchell, Colin Morris, Enyo Mortty, Holly Newell, Sean O Connor, Terry Pritchard, Kyle Buster Reed, Steve Rogers, Jim Stephens, Calab Strange, Pete Tabecki, John Vaughan, Scott Walker, Terry Woodcock, Alexander Aben, Darren Beaven, Malcolm Cooper, Alan Emanuel, Gordon Farmer, Rob MacKnight, Chris Morse, Piotr Walczak, Bill Walker|
|Additional Crew||Betty Ainslie, Simon Atherton, Alison Bage, Daisy Baldry, Alexandra Bannister, Stephanie Barker, Celia Barnett, Richard Bassett, Samantha Becker, Anthony Bloom, Adam T. Bradley, Diana Branch, Sara Briggs, Cathy Britton, Francesca Budd, Craig Bullen, Zelie Bullen, James Fingers Buxton, Victoria Cadiou, Barbara Carr, Karolina Cerna, Jillian K. Clark, Celine Coulson, Katie Cox, Tom Cox, Salman Cruz, Emma Davie, Charlotte Dent, Sam Dent, Maria DeVane, Martin Dew, Dionbowes, Lex Donovan, Sarah Jane Drummey, Helen Christine Dwyer, Marianne Elliott, Lucia Foster Found, Joanne Fox, Sandra Frieze, Samantha Gardner, Micheal Gentry, Fiona Gilbert, Robert Grayson, Clair Hanson, Aaron Harvey, Alan Hausmann, Oliver Hazell, Elizabeth Hurley, Mick Hurrell, Matthew Jenkins, Carrie Johnson, Kelly Johnson-Beaven, Catherine Jones, Chris Judd, Caroline Kaempfer, David Kenyon, Rachel King, Michael Koltes, Nick Komornicki, Elinor Krupski, Bill Lawrence, Cameron Lawther, Tim Lewis, Ryan Locke, James Lockwood, Matt Longley, Bobby Lovgren, Hayley Lyon, Christie Mattull, Josey McNamara, Brian Mear, Alex Molden, Zoe Morgan Chiswick, Tom Morris, Michael Mungroo, Emily Nietzel, Clive Noakes, Christopher Norman, Stephen North, Petra Novotná, Elizabeth Nye, James Ogden, Steve Old, Sophie Olivier, Hernan Ortiz, Malcolm Pearce, Kate Penlington, Maggie Phelan, Nigel Pilkington, Bryony Preen, Frankie Pryse-Jones, Mahesh Ramanathan, Norman Campbell Rees, Hallam Rice-Edwards, James Richardson, Andrew Robertshaw, Mark Rowan, Dhairya Roy, Lex Ruddiman, Tom Rye, Briggs Sara, David Sillery, David J Smith, Nick Snookes, Thomas Sobel, Brian Steele, Andy Stephens, Roy Stratford, John Swartz, Katharine Tidy, Tom Treasure, Jim Turner, Haydn Webb, Dominic Weisz, James Weston, Caroline Wilson, Rob Wise, Marc Wolff, Merik Woodmansee, Brook Worley, Jannika Öberg, David Abramsky, Paul Atkinson, Joe Biggs, Tori Bravery, Andy Butcher, Nick Chetham, Anita Cording, Daniel Cox, Paul Crimmings, Steve Cummings, Mark Davies, D.R. Farquharson, Alex Gavigan, Jake Gregory, Franki Hackett, Rebecca Hall, Steve Hart, Richard Jephcote, Dan Johnson, Dylan Jones, Klemens Koehring, Ian Mitchell, Steven R. Molen, Christian John Murray, Daniel Naprous, John Nixon, Nick Page, Paul Pattison, Mark Payne, Natasha Phelan, Tom Pilbeam, Olly Rowland, Wil Röttgen, Jeszen Shih, Thomas Sobel, Roy Squires, John William Turner, Michal Whitty, Richard Wild, Tim Wildgoose|
|Thanks||Russell Allen, Peter Jackson, Samantha Perahia|
|Genres||Action, Adventure, Drama|
|Companies||Dreamworks Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Reliance Entertainment|
|Keywords||horse,world war one,1910s,equestrian,cavalryman|