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Edward Scissorhands is a 1990 American fantasy romance film directed by Tim Burton. It was produced by Burton and Denise Di Novi, written by Caroline Thompson from a story by her and Burton, and starring Johnny Depp, Winona Ryder, Anthony Michael Hall, Dianne Wiest, Kathy Baker, Alan Arkin, and Vincent Price. It tells the story of an unfinished artificial humanoid who has scissor blades instead of hands that is taken in by a suburban family and falls in love with their teenage daughter.
Burton conceived Edward Scissorhands from his childhood upbringing in suburban Burbank, California. During pre-production of Beetlejuice, Caroline Thompson was hired to adapt Burton s story into a screenplay, and the film began development at 20th Century Fox after Warner Bros. declined. Edward Scissorhands was then fast tracked after Burton s critical and financial success with Batman. The film also marks the fourth collaboration between Burton and film score composer Danny Elfman, and was Vincent Price s last major role.
Edward Scissorhands was released to a positive reception from critics and was a financial success, grossing over four times its $20 million budget. The film received numerous nominations at the Academy Awards, British Academy Film Awards, and the Saturn Awards, as well as winning the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. Both Burton and Elfman consider Edward Scissorhands their most personal and favorite work.
One evening, an elderly woman tells her granddaughter the bedtime story of a young man named Edward who has scissor blades for hands.
Many years earlier, Peg Boggs, a local door-to-door Avon saleswoman, tries to sell at the decrepit Gothic mansion where Edward lives. The creation of an old inventor, Edward is an ageless humanoid. The inventor homeschooled Edward but died from a heart attack before giving Edward hands, leaving him unfinished. Peg finds Edward alone and offers to take him to her home after discovering he is virtually harmless. Peg introduces Edward to her husband Bill, their young son Kevin, and their teenage daughter Kim. Edward falls in love with Kim, despite her initial fear of him. As their neighbors are curious about the new houseguest, the Boggs throw a neighborhood barbecue welcoming him. Most of the neighbors are fascinated by Edward and befriend him, except for the eccentric religious fanatic Esmeralda and Kim s boyfriend Jim.
Edward repays the neighborhood for their kindness by trimming their hedges into topiaries, progressing to grooming dogs and later styling the hair of the neighborhood women. One of the neighbors, Joyce, offers to help Edward open a hair salon. While scouting a location, Joyce attempts to seduce him, but scares him away. Joyce lies to the neighborhood women about it, reducing their trust in him. The bank denies Edward a loan as he does not have a background or financial history.
Jealous of Kim s attraction to Edward, Jim suggests Edward pick the lock on his parents home to obtain a van for Jim and Kim. Edward agrees, but when he picks the lock, a burglar alarm is triggered. Jim flees and Edward is arrested. The police determine that a lifetime of isolation has left Edward without any sense of reality or common sense. Edward takes responsibility for the robbery, telling Kim he did it because she asked him to. Consequently, he is shunned by the entire neighborhood except for the Boggs family.
At Christmas, Edward carves an angelic ice sculpture modeled after Kim; the ice shavings are thrown into the air and fall like snow, something that never happened before. Kim dances in the snowfall. Jim arrives suddenly, calling out to Edward, surprising him and causing him to accidentally cut Kim s hand. Jim accuses Edward of intentionally harming her, but Kim, disgusted and fed up with Jim s jealous behavior towards Edward, breaks up with him. Meanwhile, Edward flees in a rage, destroying his works and scaring Esmeralda until he is calmed by a wandering dog.
Kim s parents go out to find Edward while she stays behind in case he returns. Edward returns, finding Kim there. She asks him to hold her, but Edward hesitates, afraid of hurting her. Jim s drunken friend drives him to Kim s house and nearly runs over Kevin, but Edward pushes Kevin to safety while inadvertently cutting him. Witnesses accuse Edward of attacking Kevin; when Jim assaults him, Edward defends himself, cutting Jim s arm before fleeing to his mansion.
Kim races after Edward while Jim obtains a handgun and follows Kim. In the mansion, Jim ambushes Edward and fights with him. Edward refuses to fight back until he sees Jim slap Kim as she attempts to intervene. Enraged, Edward stabs Jim in the chest and pushes him from a window of the mansion, killing him. Kim confesses her love to Edward and kisses him before she departs, leaving Edward alone. As the neighbors gather, Kim convinces them that Jim and Edward killed each other.
The elderly woman, revealed to be Kim, finishes telling her granddaughter the story and says that she never saw Edward again, so that Edward would remember her as she was in her youth. She believes he is still alive because it would not be snowing without him. Edward is then seen carving ice sculptures of his experiences with Kim, with the bits of ice floating as snow in the wind.
- Johnny Depp as Edward Scissorhands
- Winona Ryder as Kim Boggs
- Anthony Michael Hall as Jim
- Dianne Wiest as Peg Boggs
- Kathy Baker as Joyce Monroe
- Alan Arkin as Bill Boggs
- Vincent Price as The Inventor
- Robert Oliveri as Kevin Boggs
- Conchata Ferrell as Helen
- Caroline Aaron as Marge
- Dick Anthony Williams as Officer Allen
- O-Lan Jones as Esmeralda
- Nick Carter as Slip N Slide Kid (uncredited)
The genesis of Edward Scissorhands came from a drawing by then-teenaged director Tim Burton, which reflected his feelings of isolation and being unable to communicate to people around him in suburban Burbank. The drawing depicted a thin, solemn man with long, sharp blades for fingers. Burton stated that he was often alone and had trouble retaining friendships. I get the feeling people just got this urge to want to leave me alone for some reason, I don t know exactly why. During pre-production of Beetlejuice, Burton hired Caroline Thompson, then a young novelist, to write the Edward Scissorhands screenplay as a spec script. Burton was impressed with her short novel, First Born, which was about an abortion that came back to life . Burton felt First Born had the same psychological elements he wanted to showcase in Edward Scissorhands. Every detail was so important to Tim because it was so personal , Thompson remarked. She wrote Scissorhands as a love poem to Burton, calling him the most articulate person I know, but couldn t put a single sentence together .
Shortly after Thompson s hiring, Burton began to develop Edward Scissorhands at Warner Bros., with whom he worked on Pee-wee s Big Adventure and Beetlejuice. However, within a couple of months, Warner sold the film rights to 20th Century Fox. Fox agreed to finance Thompson s screenplay while giving Burton complete creative control. At the time, the budget was projected to be around $8–9 million. When writing the storyline, Burton and Thompson were influenced by Universal Horror films, such as The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923), The Phantom of the Opera (1925), Frankenstein (1931), and Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954), as well as King Kong (1933) and various fairy tales. Burton originally wanted to make Scissorhands as a musical, feeling it seemed big and operatic to me , but later dropped the idea. Following the enormous success of Batman, Burton arrived to the status of being an A-list director. He had the opportunity to do any film he wanted, but rather than fast track Warner Bros. choices for Batman Returns or Beetlejuice Goes Hawaiian, Burton opted to make Edward Scissorhands for Fox.
Although Winona Ryder was the first cast member attached to the script, Dianne Wiest was the first to sign on. Dianne, in particular, was wonderful , Burton said. She was the first actress to read the script, supported it completely and, because she is so respected, once she had given it her stamp of approval, others soon got interested . When it came to casting the lead role of Edward, several actors were considered; Fox was insistent on having Burton meet with Tom Cruise. He certainly wasn t my ideal, but I talked to him , Burton remembered. He was interesting, but I think it worked out for the best. A lot of questions came up . Cruise asked for a happier ending. Tom Hanks and Gary Oldman turned down the part, Hanks in favor of critical and commercial flop The Bonfire of the Vanities. Oldman found the story to be absurd, but understood it after watching literally two minutes of the completed film. Jim Carrey was also considered for the role, while Thompson favored John Cusack. Elsewhere, William Hurt, Robert Downey Jr. and musician Michael Jackson expressed interest, although Burton did not converse with Jackson.
Though Burton was unfamiliar with Johnny Depp s then-popular performance in 21 Jump Street, he had always been Burton s first choice. At the time of his casting, Depp was wanting to break out of the teen idol status which his performance in 21 Jump Street had afforded him. When he was sent the script, Depp wept like a newborn and immediately found personal and emotional connections with the story. In preparation for the role, Depp watched many Charlie Chaplin films to study the idea of creating sympathy without dialogue. Fox studio executives were so worried about Edward s image, that they tried to keep pictures of Depp in full costume under wraps until release of the film. Burton approached Ryder for the role of Kim Boggs based on their positive working experience in Beetlejuice. Drew Barrymore previously auditioned for the role. Crispin Glover auditioned for the role of Jim before Anthony Michael Hall was cast.
Kathy Baker saw her part of Joyce, the neighbor who tries to seduce Edward, as a perfect chance to break into comedy. Alan Arkin says when he first read the script, he was a bit baffled. Nothing really made sense to me until I saw the sets. Burton s visual imagination is extraordinary . The role of The Inventor was written specifically for Vincent Price, and would ultimately be his final feature film role. Burton commonly watched Price s films as a child, and, after completing Vincent, the two became good friends. Robert Oliveri was cast as Kevin, Kim s younger brother. Nick Carter of the Backstreet Boys plays an uncredited role as the blond boy playing on the Slip N Slide as Edward rides in Peg s car through suburbia.
Burbank, California was considered as a possible location for the suburban neighborhoods, but Burton believed the city had become too altered since his childhood so the Tampa Bay Area of Florida, including the town of Lutz, on Tinsmith Circle inside the Carpenter s Run subdivision, and the Southgate Shopping Center of Lakeland was chosen for a three-month shooting schedule. The production crew found, in the words of the production designer Bo Welch, a kind of generic, plain-wrap suburb, which we made even more characterless by painting all the houses in faded pastels, and reducing the window sizes to make it look a little more paranoid. The key element to unify the look of the neighborhood was Welch s decision to repaint each of the houses in one of four colors, which he described as sea-foam green, dirty flesh, butter, and dirty blue . The facade of the Gothic mansion was built just outside Dade City. The majority of filming took place in Lutz between March 26 and July 19, 1990. Filming Edward Scissorhands created hundreds of (temporary) jobs and injected over $4 million into the Tampa Bay economy. Production then moved to a Fox Studios sound stage in Century City, California, where interiors of the mansion were filmed.
To create Edward s scissor hands, Burton employed Stan Winston, who would later design the Penguin s prosthetic makeup in Batman Returns. Depp s wardrobe and prosthetic makeup took one hour and 45 minutes to apply. The giant topiaries that Edward creates in the film were made by wrapping metal skeletons in chicken wire, then weaving in thousands of small plastic plant sprigs. Rick Heinrichs worked as one of the art directors.
Edward Scissorhands is the fourth feature film collaboration between director Tim Burton and composer Danny Elfman. The orchestra consisted of 79 musicians. Elfman cites Scissorhands as epitomizing his most personal and favorite work. In addition to Elfman s music, three Tom Jones songs also appear: It s Not Unusual , Delilah and With These Hands . It s Not Unusual would later be used in Mars Attacks! (1996), another film of Burton s with music composed by Elfman. Selections from the score had been used in the trailers for other films including The Secret Garden (1993), The Indian in the Cupboard (1995), The Master of Disguise (2002), The Ladykillers (2004), Lemony Snicket s A Series of Unfortunate Events (2004) and two other Tim Burton films: The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) and Big Fish (2003).
Burton acknowledged that the main themes of Edward Scissorhands deal with self-discovery and isolation. Edward is found living alone in the attic of a Gothic castle, a setting that is also used for main characters in Burton s Batman and The Nightmare Before Christmas. Edward Scissorhands climaxes much like James Whale s Frankenstein and Burton s own Frankenweenie. A mob confronts the evil creature , in this case, Edward, at his castle. With Edward unable to consummate his love for Kim because of his appearance, the film can also be seen as being influenced by Beauty and the Beast. Edward Scissorhands is a fairy tale book-ended by a prologue and an epilogue featuring Kim Boggs as an old woman telling her granddaughter the story, augmenting the German Expressionism and Gothic fiction archetypes.
Burton explained that his depiction of suburbia is not a bad place. It s a weird place. I tried to walk the fine line of making it funny and strange without it being judgmental. It s a place where there s a lot of integrity. Kim leaves her jock boyfriend (Jim) to be with Edward, an event that many have postulated as Burton s revenge against jocks he encountered as a teenager in suburban Burbank, California. Jim is subsequently killed, a scene that shocked a number of observers who felt the whole tone of the film had been radically altered. Burton referred to this scene as a high school fantasy .
Test screenings for the film were encouraging for 20th Century Fox. Joe Roth, then president of the company, considered marketing Edward Scissorhands on the scale of an E.T.-sized blockbuster, but Roth decided not to aggressively promote the film in that direction. We have to let it find its place. We want to be careful not to hype the movie out of the universe, he reasoned. Edward Scissorhands had its limited release in the United States on December 7, 1990. The wide release came on December 14, and the film earned $6,325,249 in its opening weekend in 1,372 theaters. Edward Scissorhands eventually grossed $56,362,352 in North America, and a further $29,661,653 outside North America, coming to a worldwide total of $86.02 million. With a budget of $20 million, the film is considered a box office success. The New York Times wrote the chemistry between Johnny Depp and Winona Ryder, who were together in real life at the time (1989–1993), gave the film teen idol potential, drawing younger audiences.
Edward Scissorhands received acclaim from critics and audiences. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reports that the film holds an 89% approval rating, based on 63 reviews, with an average score of 7.60/10. The website s critical consensus reads: The first collaboration between Johnny Depp and Tim Burton, Edward Scissorhands is a magical modern fairy tale with gothic overtones and a sweet center. Metacritic, another review aggregator, assigned the film a weighted average score of 74 out of 100 based on 19 reviews from mainstream critics, indicating generally favorable reviews . CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film an A− grade.
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised the piece by stating, Burton s richly entertaining update of the Frankenstein story is the year s most comic, romantic and haunting film fantasy. He continued by praising Depp s performance stating, Depp artfully expresses the fierce longing in gentle Edward; it s a terrific performance and the engulfing score from Danny Elfman. Staff of Variety spoke highly of the film, Director takes a character as wildly unlikely as a boy whose arms end in pruning shears, and makes him the center of a delightful and delicate comic fable.
Marc Lee of The Daily Telegraph scored the film five out of five stars, writing, Burton s modern fairytale has an almost palpably personal feel: it is told gently, subtly and with infinite sympathy for an outsider who charms the locals but then inadvertently arouses their baser instincts. He also praised Depp as being sensational in the lead role, summoning anxiety, melancholy and innocence with heartbreaking conviction. And it s all in the eyes: his dialogue is cut-to-the-bone minimal.
The Washington Post s Desson Thomson wrote, Depp is perfectly cast, Burton builds a surrealistically funny cul-de-sac world, and there are some very funny performances from grownups Dianne Wiest, Kathy Baker and Alan Arkin. Rita Kempley, also writing for The Washington Post, praised the film: Enchantment on the cutting edge, a dark yet heartfelt portrait of the artist as a young mannequin. She too praised Depp s performance in stating, … nicely cast, brings the eloquence of the silent era to this part of few words, saying it all through bright black eyes and the tremulous care with which he holds his horror-movie hands.
Owen Gleiberman, writing for Entertainment Weekly, gave the film an A− rating, commending Elfman s score and calling the character of Edward Burton s surreal portrait of himself as an artist: a wounded child converting his private darkness into outlandish pop visions , and Burton s purest achievement as a director so far. Of Depp he wrote, Depp may not be doing that much acting beneath his neo-Kabuki makeup, but what he does is tremulous and affecting.
Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote, Mr. Burton invests awe-inspiring ingenuity into the process of reinventing something very small. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film a mixed review, awarding it two stars out of four and writing that Burton has not yet found the storytelling and character-building strength to go along with his pictorial flair.
Stan Winston and Ve Neill were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Makeup, but lost to John Caglione, Jr. and Doug Drexler for their work on Dick Tracy. Production designer Bo Welch won the BAFTA Award for Best Production Design, while costume designer Colleen Atwood, and Winston and Neil also received nominations at the British Academy Film Awards. In addition, Winston was nominated for his visual effects work. Depp was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy, but lost to Gérard Depardieu of Green Card. Edward Scissorhands was able to win the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and the Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film. Danny Elfman, Ryder, Dianne Wiest, Alan Arkin, and Atwood received individual nominations. Elfman was also given a Grammy Award nomination.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2005: AFI s 100 Years of Film Scores – Nominated
- 2008: AFI s 10 Top 10: Nominated Fantasy Film
- Nominated Fantasy Film
Burton cites Edward Scissorhands as epitomizing his most personal work. The film is also Burton s first collaboration with actor Johnny Depp and cinematographer Stefan Czapsky. In October 2008, the Hallmark Channel purchased the television rights. Metal band Motionless in White have a song entitled Scissorhands (The Last Snow) , with its lyrics written about the film in homage to its legacy and impact on the gothic subculture.
In 2012, Depp reprised his role in the Family Guy episode Lois Comes Out of Her Shell .
An extinct lobster-like sea creature called Kootenichela deppi is named after Depp because of its scissor-like claws.
From 2014 to 2015, IDW Publishing released an Edward Scissorhands comic book series which serves as a sequel and takes place several decades after the film. The series consists of ten issues which have been collected in two trade paperbacks. It was written by Kate Leth with art by Drew Rausch.
An ad for the Cadillac Lyriq, an electric car with hands-free driving features, premiered during Super Bowl LV and is based on the film; it features Ryder reprising her role as Kim, now mother to Edward s son Edgar (played by Timothée Chalamet).
A theatrical ballet adaptation by the British choreographer Matthew Bourne premiered at Sadler s Wells Theatre in London in November 2005. After an 11-week season, the production toured the UK, Asia and the United States. The British director Richard Crawford directed a stage adaptation of the Tim Burton film, which had its world premiere on June 25, 2010, at The Brooklyn Studio Lab and ended July 3.
In popular culture
Johnnie Scissorhands is the name of a EP by American rapper Lil Johnnie.
|Plot||The solitary life of an artificial man – who was incompletely constructed and has scissors for hands – is upended when he is taken in by a suburban family.|
|Awards||Nominated for 1 Oscar, 9 wins & 24 nominations total|
|Writers||Tim Burton, Caroline Thompson|
|Stars||Johnny Depp, Winona Ryder, Dianne Wiest|
|Produced by||Tim Burton, Denise Di Novi, Richard Hashimoto, Caroline Thompson|
|Music by||Danny Elfman|
|Cinematography by||Stefan Czapsky|
|Film Editing by||Colleen Halsey, Richard Halsey|
|Casting By||Victoria Thomas|
|Production Design by||Bo Welch|
|Art Direction by||Tom Duffield|
|Set Decoration by||Cheryl Carasik|
|Costume Design by||Colleen Atwood|
|Makeup Department||Irene Aparicio, Fern Buchner, Bridget Cook, Selena Evans-Miller, Matthew W. Mungle, Ve Neill, Rick Provenzano, Kim Santantonio, Susan Schuler-Page, Werner Sherer, Liz Spang, Rick Stratton, Yolanda Toussieng, Mary Ann Valdes, Lynda Kyle Walker, Brad Wilder, Stan Winston, Steve LaPorte|
|Production Management||Bill Scott|
|Second Unit Director or Assistant Director||Francis J. Conway, Jerry Fleck, Margaret Nelson|
|Art Department||Steven Lee Baer, Michael R. Blaich, Gary Clause, Tandova Ecenia, John R. Elliott, Stephen I. Erdberg, Michael R. Gannon, Daniel J. Gillooly, Ann Harmon, Ann Harris, Rick Heinrichs, Chris Herrington, David Howland, Jack Johnson, Michael Harry Kerr, Shane Mahan, Kevin Mangan, David Manhan, Chuck McSorley, Dan Ondrejko, Paul Paleveda, Tim Paleveda, Dan Pemberton, William A. Petrotta, Diane Phelps, Leo Rijn, William Robertson, John Rosengrant, Stephanie Schwartzman, Alex Scutti Jr., Anne Sidaris-Reeves, Paul Sonski, John Villarino, Mike Villarino, Chris Zimmerman, Clyde Zimmerman, Randy L. Childs, Leonardo, Steve Small, Harley Whitehurst|
|Sound Department||Vanessa Theme Ament, Richard L. Anderson, Mary Andrews, Michael Barnitt, Michael J. Benavente, Mike Chock, James Christopher, Robert Deschaine, Warren Hamilton Jr., Petur Hliddal, Stanley Kastner, Chet Leonard, Steve Maslow, Kathy McCart, Heather McPherson, Oscar Mitt, Sonny Pettijohn, John Pospisil, Eric Potter, Gary Ritchie, Earl Sampson, David E. Stone, Ralph Stuart, David W. Alstadter, Steve Lee, Donald C. Rogers|
|Special Effects by||David LeRoy Anderson, Michael Arbogast, Bill Basso, Evan Brainard, Len Burge, Craig Caton, John Coen, Mitchell J. Coughlin, Bruce Spaulding Fuller, Adam Gelbart, David Grasso, John B. Hagey, Beth Hathaway, Guy Himber, Kevin Hudson, Adam Jones, Karen Mason, Mark Crash McCreery, Jon Curtis Price, Mark Rappaport, James Reedy, Gary Schaedler, Andy Schoneberg, Michael Spatola, Samantha Stevens, Ian Stevenson, Michael Umble, Robert E. Watson, Brian Wood, David Wood, Michael Wood, Mike Edmonson, Eileen Kastner-Delago, Curt Massof, Hans Metz, Patrick Tantalo|
|Visual Effects by||Yarek Alfer, Leslie Ekker, Henry Gonzales, Ron Gress, Tom Griep, Ian Hunter, Terry W. King, Peter Kuran, Laurel Lichten, Bill Neil, Bradford Plows, Dennis Schultz, Robert Spurlock, Mark Stetson, George Trimmer, Thomas Valentine, George Willis, Dana Yuricich, David Emerson, Paul Gentry, Laurel Schneider, Scott Schneider, Pam Vick|
|Stunts||Greg Anderson, Todd Bryant, David Burton, Tammy Brady Conrad, Gary Price, Lori Lynn Ross, Gar Stephen, Bill Suiter, Glenn R. Wilder, Scott Wilder, John Zimmerman|
|Camera and Electrical Department||John Carney, John F. Cassidy, David A. Cook, Kenny Davis, Tom Durkin, Brooks P. Guyer, Alfred E. Kalous, Tom Keefer, Ian Kelly, Richard Kuhn, Dennis J. Lootens, Barry T. Lopez, Frank Miller, Art Molinaro, Kevin Murphy, Mike Paleveda, Zade Rosenthal, Michael Santoro, Todd M. Short, Daniel E. Teaze, Robert Ulland, Zoran Veselic, Warner R. Wacha, Richard J. Lee Jr., Troy Pressley, Scotty Reiniger, Bob Scott, Rob Whitehurst|
|Casting Department||Tina M. Boergesson, Rose Rosen, Jory Weitz|
|Costume and Wardrobe Department||Kathy Bird, David Davenport, Nancy McArdle, Ray Summers|
|Editorial Department||Catherine Best, Jonathan Chibnall, Dennis McNeill|
|Location Management||Michael J. Burmeister, Robert Maharis|
|Music Department||Bob Badami, Steve Bartek, Margaret Goodspeed, Craig Huxley, O-Lan Jones, Jo Ann Kane, Nathan Kaproff, Mario Mariani, Susan McLean, Shawn Murphy, Sharon Rice, Sally Stevens, Shirley Walker, Jon Wattenbarger, Tom Boyd, Tom Brown, Vince De Rosa, Jim Hoffman, Tommy Johnson, Jim Self, James Thatcher|
|Script and Continuity Department||Tom Allen, Marilyn Bailey|
|Transportation Department||Dan Anglin, John Hood, Wanda N. Kestner, R. Randy Pines, Stanley R. Webber, Julio Salazar|
|Additional Crew||David Allsberry, Irene Brafstein, Robert Dawson, Kelly Rae Fry, Doris Hellmann, Ellen Hofstadter, Mary Cay Hollander, Jill Jacobs, Marcia Klemm, Richard J. Landon, Diane Minter Lewis, Boone Narr, Jon Curtis Price, Paul Sled Reynolds, Susan Spencer Robbins, Letitia Rogers, Andy Schoneberg, Jay Sedrish, Jacqueline A. Shea, Phyllis Thurber-Moffit, Eden Ashley Umble, Steven C. Ward, Glenn Williamson, Tyler Atkinson, Dawn Barkan, Granville Greene, Thomas J. Healy IV, Darin Raney|
|Genres||Drama, Fantasy, Romance|
|Companies||Twentieth Century Fox|